• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline what changes you think are needed to the present Ethiopian, Eritrean and international economic, political and social situation.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline what changes you think are needed to the present Ethiopian, Eritrean and international economic, political and social situation so as to reduce the vulnerability of the Ethiopian/Eritrean rural population to famine and lead to famine not occurring again. Introduction The current policies in place designed to reduce the effects of famine in the African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea are a long way from achieving their goals. Famine has been a regular occurrence for hundreds of years. Ethiopia and Eritrea depend on two rainy seasons a year to ample crop growth. Sweeping changes must be made at local, national and international level if the severe problem of famine is to be brought under control and eventually eradicated. 85% of the rural population relies on rain, as farming is the main source of income (Jonathon Steele in Addis Ababa reports on efforts to contain disaster). In Africa annual rainfall varies dramatically and this plays a vital role in the success or failure of crops each year. ...read more.

Middle

They cause untold damage to the environment, releasing chemicals into the water, harming both people and vegetation. These inorganic fertilisers are purchased from the more affluent economies which mean's that African farmers must pay in cash for fertilisers which increase crop yields but which are ultimately destroying their own ecosystem in the process. This is indicative of the lack of sustainable food production policies in Ethiopia and Eritrea. (www.ethioembassy.org.uk) A nationwide scheme introduced by the African government gives farmers who own more than 0.5 hectares of land, improved seed varieties, fertilisers and pesticides, on loan. This has seen results in many areas which have led to higher incomes for some farmers. Schemes such as this yield benefits today but the future cost and effect on the environment in the long term is as yet unknown. (Information from Oxfam, leaflet no OX450 May 1997) Schemes to counteract the problems of soil erosion have been introduced. Oxfam in partnership with thousands of volunteers in community programmes are attempting to rebuild the land. ...read more.

Conclusion

Policies need to be changed and action taken, short term, and more importantly long term, so as to reduce the severity and frequency of the occurrence of famines in Africa. The issue of famine and drought is highly complex and is very difficult to resolve. "Famine is a direct result of drought; however it is the vulnerability of people when faced with reduced food availability that turns the situation into a disaster". (Information from Oxfam) Long term policies need to focus on food security, ensuring that food supplies are large enough to sustain the population and that excess food supplies are managed to ensure the populations survival during drought years. In the past excess food supplies have been sold to foreign countries for profit rather than being kept to feed the African population during times of famine. Government policies need in the short term to focus on making people self sufficient before they can tackle issues of producing surplus crops to sell. Existing policies have made little difference to the situation. Much still needs to be done for the long term prevention of famine in Ethiopia and Eritrea. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography: Causes of Famine

    * Flow on the River Kafue was at its lowest since 1905. In 1992 peak flow reduced from an average of 820 to 100 m3/s. * Power generation was reduced to 30% of capacity at Victoria Falls and Kafue Gorge.

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    and once the lords applied themselves seriously to stock rearing they began to encroach again on the lands and freedoms of the peasants. In France the aristocracy were either able to reimpose labour services and enserf their peasant tenants or they went over to a form of sharecropping in which

  1. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    The once rundown area of London Docklands was converted into a successful area which satisfied most family and tourist needs. The population increased, also with the employment rate, and the unemployment rate decreased considerably. The overall society was renewed and the environmental quality got better along with the rates of Racism.

  2. Population policies

    just as it has done In countries such as thailand and malaysia. The one child policy has increased female infanticide as couples want boys to look after them in their old age and to continue the family name. For a period of time, a lot of people were aborting their babies when they found out that it was a girl.

  1. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    Jacques du Guerny, Chief of FAO's Population Programme Service and AIDS focal point, provided valuable comments on the framework, outline and early drafts of the paper. Desmond Cohen of UNDP's HIV and Development Programme contributed many good ideas, particularly with regard to HIV, poverty and rural development, and indefatigably responded to all my questions.

  2. New International Economic Order - The international confidence in India's economy has been fully ...

    The moderate growth in imports during 2000-01 was essentially attributable to a 24.1 per cent increase in the oil import bill. Non-oil import growth, on BOP basis, remained subdued at only 2.0 per cent. Commodity Unit 1999-2000 2000-01* Foodgrain Million Tonnes 209.80 195.9 Sugar cane Million Tonnes 299.30 299.20 Jute and mesta Million Bales (180 kg each)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work