• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Park Design Issues.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ritchison, Derek Facilities Management, RPLS 379 February 4, 2004 Park Design Issues, Assignment #1 I always knew Minneapolis had a quality park system, but I had no idea it was renowned throughout the country. Also, I had no idea there was such a large number of parks, lakes, trails and just plain "open space" in Minneapolis. There are over 150 parks, 30 lakes and 50 miles of parkways in Minneapolis. It is obvious much credit is due to Frederick Law Olmsted and his park design principles, which are heavily included in the Minneapolis park system. I believe all of Olmsted's basic principles are apparent in the Minneapolis parks, and have been since the very beginnings of the city. One of the first things city officials did was set aside different areas of land specifically for parks. There were many benefits of doing this. First, it allowed the city to build houses around all the parks, making them all easily accessible. Also, it placed many different parks throughout the city, scattered but connected. This way, no matter where you live, there will be open space and "green relief" somewhere nearby. Most of the parks in Minneapolis, especially the larger, more frequented ones, are connected by parkways. ...read more.

Middle

Loring. Later, in 1889, the board purchased land for Minnehaha Park. The early nineteen hundreds was a huge growing period for many of the now popular parks in Minneapolis. Theodore Wirth, who has his own park and district named after him, was the superintendent of the board during these years, and he played a vital role in developing the parks into what they are today. Many of the lakes at that time were nothing more than swampy areas with constant flooding problems, almost comparable to New York's pre-Central Park. Wirth drained the swampy areas and graded the lake's banks to stop the flooding. Also, it is because of Wirth that the lakes in the Chain of Lakes district are so conveniently connected, as I mentioned before. In the summer of 1911, he oversaw the connecting of the two more popular lakes in that district, Lake of the Isles and Lake Calhoun. Another one of Olmsted's principles, which is very noticeable in the Minneapolis parks, is that city parks should offer a variety of activities for the public. This principle is no more apparent than in the Chain of Lakes district. Even though all are close and connected, each lake's environment seems completely different from the next. ...read more.

Conclusion

It eliminates overpopulation and helps to control diseases. Another goal cities need to pursue is the acquisition and development of new land or open space. This can be done in many ways. Cities can reuse or renovate old buildings or slums. Also, cities could reclaim vacant territory, combine public space for multiple uses or start using open spaces more effectively. There are many examples of Minneapolis doing all of these. Old factories and warehouses have been turned into modern and classy condominiums. Bike trails have been put alongside major highways, like along I-94, or on top of old, unused railroad tracks. Lastly, Garvin believed cities need to redesign certain facilities to make them more accessible. One example of this, although it could be considered acquiring or developing new land, would be the bridge by the Walker Art Center. This bridge connects the Walker Art Center to Loring Park and makes it much easier to move to and from. Because of the convenience, people can move more freely throughout the city and the two parks get visited much more often. Although Garvin's ideas really are quite simple, they are important for growing cities to take into consideration. I think Minneapolis has done a wonderful job of using his theories and it is no coincidence that they have one of the best park systems in America. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    and Kingfisher Resort in the Fraser Island World Heritage Area are leaders in Australia. The Monkey Mia Resort is particularly impressive for the assistance given to dolphin researchers, the good relationship with the local resource management agency, and its funding contributions to the Project Eden concept for reintroduction of endangered species into the Peron Peninsula.

  2. Geography GCSE Welsh board Coursework

    It has been estimated that within Cumbria as a whole 42000 jobs (17% of the work force) are linked to tourism, whilst in the National Park up to 50% of the workforce is employed in tourist related activities.

  1. Examine the components of a 24-hour city

    A step forward into a lesser holistic approach to planning, the government is willing to support such a system (GLA, 2002). The effective management technique had originated from New York, which till date still remains to be in implementation in area's, such as the lower part of Manhattan.

  2. Current development issues in Brazil

    There are several issues that threaten Brazil's ecological environment, from industry, government and demographics. Massive urbanization efforts require land space that is currently forested, industry pumps out raw and untreated pollution into air and water systems and institutional corruption and inefficiency prevents an adequate implementation of corrective legislation.

  1. The social costs and benefits of business activity- Paddington Basin Regeneration Project.

    One way in which this evidence can be produced is by showing exactly how many jobs it's created and how much it has helped to reduce unemployment in the area. The local council and developers will be working closely with the new and old businesses to ensure that maximum benefit

  2. Lee Valley Regional Park

    I will take a map of the Lee Valley Regional Park and plot data such as assessments, economic activity, signs, facilities, damage and neglect on the map in code. Then I will note the data and what it means on notebook paper.

  1. Bestwood Country Park is situated in North Nottinghamshire 4 miles north of the Nottingham ...

    The park employs a team of rangers who contribute heavily to the management, conservation and public safety of the park as well as events and education. Below is a pie chart showing the time allocation of the park rangers. (Information supplied by park rangers)

  2. Should visitor numbers to the Lake District national park be controlled?

    However, the twelve million people who visit the Lake District each year are swamping this population. Due to this, the natural beauty is being slowly ruined. Things such as: footpath erosion, littering, overcrowding, increased traffic/ pollution and noise limits are damaging the environment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work