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AS and A Level: Coastal Landforms
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The particular area of coastline I studied in detail is on the South-East coastline of England and includes various sites along it. These include Camber sands, Dungeness and St Mary's bay. Authorities worked on a reactive basis
There is also a small number of houses there (small villages) and a lot of drainage ditches surround the area and these act as a protection as they hold the water and drain it back out. In Romney marsh there is a lot of gravel extraction and a few other materials have been extracted, however not much is being done to protect the coastline at the moment. In Camber sands however it transforms into a sand dune ecosystem where the beach acts as a coastal defence and protects the surrounding area.
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Rapid erosion occurs on rocks with weakness, which might develop into sea caves. If two sea caves meet, an arch is formed, and so on, until a stack and a stump are produced. These features are largely determined by the location of the weakness in the rock, and variations in the wave energy caused by refraction on the headland. These are relatively small-scale features and, ob a regional scale, headlands and bays relate to differences in geological structure and resistance. The profile of a cliff depends upon a number of factors including: * Geological structure * Subaerial and marine processes * Amount of undercutting * Rates of removal * Stage of development Rocks of low resistance are easily eroded and are unable to support an overhang.
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Personally, I would like to say that the film with the better sequence is Saving Private Ryan because it shows us the detail of what really goes on if you were to be at that specific location
The film sequence begins at sea with rough waves but nice weather. The sky is probably digitally mastered because of how the clouds look. There is a lot of diagetic sound in the background. E.g. fighter planes flying across the skies but not seeing them. The camera then focuses out of the main ship and shows us that there are more ships, one next to the other. The sirens on the beach get louder as the soldiers are getting nearer the beach. As the ship arrives, bullets start flying and bodies start falling.
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My sunrise is nearly complete. I finally manage to pull myself up. My strength is magnificent. I am liquid gold in the sky. I hold my warmth in my arms. Now I can rest for a couple of hours. It is now the early hours of the morning. Still a bit nippy but my warmth will win. Big puffs of cloud jostle and fight in the early morning sky, like huge cotton wool balls or candyfloss at the fair. Soon they will lose their fight and be blown to a place far away, and then the sky shall be mine again.
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Through The Tunnel" is written by a lady called Doris Lessing. Through the tunnel is a short story about a boy called Jerry and his mother who are on holiday
She also wants him with her to make sure he is ok when he is swimming. She was having an inner conflict at this point. Inner conflicts are going on between both characters. As they both carry on walking Jerry blurts out: "I'd like to go and have a look at those rocks over there" The writer makes Jerry say this because in this story Jerry wants to be more mature like an adult than immature like a kid. When she left him to go his own ways, Jerry had some more guilt going through his head.
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The frequently relaid road to the tip is testament to the rapid movement of the spit neck. Spurn Point is a narrow sandy promentory aproximately five kilometers long. It is located on the south-eastern tip of the Holderness plain which forms the northern banks of the Humber estuary. It is easily reached from Hull by car, parking is availible for which a small fee is payable. The strategic position of the sand spit, guarding the entrance to a major waterway lead to its use as a position for shipping beacons and lighthouses. Historical accounts of settlements and lighthouses, particularly accounts of their destruction and the break up of the spit have enabled us to discover that over the last 1000 years there have been five 'Spurn points'.
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According to my project guidelines, I am writing on the three main restaurants of the Maritime hotel and the kind of cuisine they each deal with. To add gentle touch to it, I will also mention the bars in the hotel. To gather the information I need for this project, I will need to contact my friends back home in Mauritius, so that they can send me some Brochures about the hotel and I will also try to do some of my research through the internet by logging onto the Mauritian website: http://www.servihoo.com/ Restaurants and Cuisines of Maritim The Maritim,
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Most likely the latter of the two. Being so remote, the area was also very quiet. My friends and I were the only ones to disturb the peace. One particular event that stands out in my memory is a certain Sunday in September. The morning began dark, dreary, and dismal. The situation could only brighten. I dressed myself, packed my swimming gear into my backpack, and rode my skateboard down the steep hill to Vinnie's beachside house. Vinnie was about a half a year younger than me, and he had wavy brown hair that came down to his neck.
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The branches show no sign of a snap, crack or sputter as the location is too peaceful to encounter such occurrences. As I watch the rolling sand dunes the pier floats into my vision. The pier, as red as a ruby, stands out to me among the deep blue ocean. As I lay on the sand, I see kites rise above the clouds and soar gracefully in the wind, which is blowing gently through the trees and sand, slowly whispering as if it were calling my name.
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Explain how the geographical processes that are affecting the physical and built coastal environment have been managed on the Cronulla coastline.
Transportation is when sand is moved along the coast by long shore drift. At North Cronulla beach erosion is evident. It is being managed by the local council in two different ways. These include; a rip-rap wall, dune stabilization. The rip-rap wall consists of large rocks which have been piled up at an angle. Behind the rip-rap wall the land use is mainly commercial, but there is also some residential land-use. This method has been used because human land-use is right on top of the ocean, and in order to defend these buildings a hard option is required.
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The rustling of leaves, small orchestra of birds and delicate splashes of the sea are amazingly soothing and relaxing. The whole beach itself looks like a painted picture with a spectrum of colours all merged with one another yet too magnificent to be painted by the human hand, its perfection at its very best. Like a dancing male peacock showing off his finely detailed feathers, the sea also puts on her best show, showing off a wide range of colours that reflect of her surface with her original twist that causes the colours to move in an unusual but spectacular pattern.
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It is also an area of outstanding natural beauty (AONB) and a specially protected area (S.P.A). Cley next the sea is so called because it used to be next to the sea. It is now 600m from the sea, the freshwater marsh is now between, due to the river Glaven. The marsh is very important as it is a special habitat for flora (plants) and forna (animals) and needs protecting from the sea salt water. In 1953 the marsh was flooded and again in 1996 and this killed all the plants. It took four years to get it back to a fresh water marshland.
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Pages 16 & 17 * Solutions - Rip-rap information ------------------------ Pages 17 & 18 * Tabulated solutions analysis ----------------------------. Page 18 & 19 Hypothesis * Hypothesis according to aims --------------------------------- Page 21 Method * Method in evidence for Longshore Drift --------------------- Page 21 * Method used for beach profile information ------------ Page 21 & 22 * Beach Profile method ---------------------------------- Pages 21 to 27 * Random Numbers table ---------------------------------------. Page 23 * Powers Index sheet ------------------------------------------- Page 24 * Beach Profile graph -------------------------------------------.
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Water percolates through the permeable sand and gravel until it reaches the impermeable London clay. The water acts as a lubricant, causing the upper sections of the cliff to slip seawards. The sea is also eroding the lower sections of the cliff, leading to even greater instability. The land at the Naze is mainly used for recreation, which includes bird watching. There are a small number of houses on the Naze and around the perimeter there is a nature reserve, Sewage works and farmland there is also Walton Tower. To the north of the Naze there is a bar and a lagoon formed by longshore drift.
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Soil forming processes are very diverse but all of them stem from the most dominant process which is the climate. Climate is defined as the meteorological conditions, including temperature, precipitation, and wind, that characteristically prevail in a particular region. Climate underpins soil forming factors such as the soil water balance, type and amount of vegetation, rates of weathering, rates of decomposition and abundance of biota, to name but a few. As zonal soils are formed by the cumulative effect of climate and vegetation, I will first evaluate the effect that climate has on vegetation, and subsequently the type of soil.
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To what extent do you agree with the view that coastal systems are too complex to ever be completely manageable?
Hard engineering methods aim to stop the coastal processes from occurring. Soft engineering methods try to work with nature to protect the coast. Coastal lands and sediments are constantly in motion. Breaking waves move sand along the coast, eroding sand in one area and depositing it on an adjacent beach. Tidal cycles bring sand onto the beach and carry it back into the surf. Rivers carry sediment to the coast and build deltas into the open water. Storms cause deep erosion in one area and leave thick over wash deposits in another.
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Does Churchill's description of the operation (source B) support the evidence of the sources C and E?
Source B and Source E show the reason why Churchill mentions "intimacy" was to prevent the Germans from finding out about the operation he was planning on using the element of surprise. Source E backs this up by showing the code names of the beaches so there was no way of the German military knowing where there were. Again both land sea and air are mentioned in the literal sense in source B but in source E they are
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As this happens the object eventually becomes covered with sand. As it gets larger becomes more stable and therefore habitable. With the saline conditions around the sea very few plant species can colonise. Marram grass is one of these pioneer species that can its covers the dune embryos and allows them to become more stabilised. The next formation stage is of fore dunes; these can be up to a meter high and are the successors of embryo dunes. They are formed as the now stabilised embryo dunes gain sand. This process can take place due to the ability of Marram grass to grow nearly as fast as it can be covered with sand.
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on the beach when the second attack took place everybody was having fun and playing around. The people on the beach were all relaxed and they were all chilling out by listening to the radio. This makes the audience fill safe and less tense from a shark attack. When the shark attacked its victim there's always a pause of silence. This shows death because there's no more noise of the victim crying for help and crying in pain. It also shows how soothing the ocean is and how piece full it is. The second shark attack was when everyone went onto the beach even though chief Brody said that they should shut down the beach.
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So much for the quiet and perfect beach. Anyway, I got my belongings and wandered off into my hotel, searching for the reception, ending up in the bar area. A few hours later, I was in my room settling in. I had a quick shower, got changed and went out exploring. As soon as I had set foot out of the hotel premises, roughly three fairly large (as in obese) coloured, men approached me, squabbling on in what sounded like Spanish.
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In streams what is invertebrate drift and how may upstream populations compensate for loss of individuals downstream.
carried out showed that high water levels increased the amount of drift; also in support of this Logan (1963) and Denham found that there was very little drift during periods of low discharge and the highest amount of drift during the snow melting. Less turbulent streams produced lower amounts of drift and that riffles produce more than pools. Humphries (1938) and Ruxton (2002) noted that it has been argued that drift is simply a production in excess of carrying capacity, and that the loss of numbers will decrease in response to the carrying capacity being attained. So, the suggestion then seems to be that perhaps drift is density dependant.
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"Comparing the mean ratios of shell height/diameter of the Patella spp on an exposed and sheltered shore"
Wave action causes shell muscles to contract vigorously, clamping the animal to the rock. The full strength of pull of the pedal muscles has been estimated as 3.5kg/cm� (Fischer, 1948). This force, together with the fact that the conical shell offers little resistance to waves, secures the animal against the action of the waves in the most exposed situations. A decrease in wave exposure may reduce the Patella vulgata abundance because the species does not favour thick algal cover that is often present on very sheltered shores. In summation, as wave exposure decreases so does the Patella spp diversity.
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I have also collected measurements of the beach itself using raging pole and a clinometer. Ranging poles and clinometer. Ranging poles To take angles of the slopes on a beach and therefore record its profile you need to place the two ranging poles a set distance apart, 4m will be fine, and then stand at one pole with the clinometer and level it up with one of the lines on the pole. Then you look through the clinometer and line up the line inside with the same point on the other ranging pole and read off the angle that is displayed.
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The old sea wall which was under attack was suffering frequent damage, but despite all of its repairs the wall had reached the end of what was called its 'useful life.' This meant that the government and local community found that if no improvements were made to the sea wall and defences. If a storm was forecast the damage today would cost over an estimated �21 million. However for a new wall to replace the damaged one the problem was down to who would be responsible for its 'upkeep'.
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This eventually erodes down also leaving just a stump. A spit is visible in the top left of the map, near the Burry Inlet. A spit is a permanent landform that results from marine deposition. It is a long narrow accumulation of sand and shingle, one end is attached to the land and the other end projects at a narrow angle into the sea. The spit has a hooked end. It formed when longshore drifts moved sand and shingle along the coast and the coastline changed direction leaving a shallow sheltered area of water.
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