• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Population control in China

Extracts from this document...


Population control in China In 1950's China, under the government weakened by its countries opium dependence to westerners, the idea still existed that, "A large population gives a strong nation" This lead to China's population growing very rapidly, so rapidly in fact that this phrase was beginning to prove in correct. As china's population struggled to feed it's self, as well as extreme overcrowding especially in its cities. The death rate in china dropped (except for a blip in the natural decrease caused by a minor famine in the 1960's) and its birth rate continued to grow rapidly. Even after the government implemented tolerant population control policies, for example the "later longer fewer policy". The hope was that if people were encouraged to wait longer before marrying, they would have children later in life and therefore is much more likely to have fewer children. However this did not produce dramatic enough results to help slow China's rapidly growing population and end its pending famine crisis. This is probably due to: a) People were still living in a very traditional way. ...read more.


People moved away from rural areas and their traditional work as farmers to towns and cities, to work in factories, often owned by western countries brought to china by cheap labour costs compared to the western world. This influx of western ideas thwarted the government's campaign, as the later longer fewer Policy was not considered attractive by the Chinese population who moved towards a western ideal. But the government continued and by 1970, State Family Programmes had been introduced. This lowered the population growth rate. In 1978 3 children per family was average but the government persisted, as this was still too many. This was in the form of various advertising campaigns, however their effect was not dramatic enough, and in 1979, the government wished to stamp out population growth completely. So they introduced a strict population policy. The policy used a "carrot and stick" method to encourage families who participated, and punish those who did not. Encouragement was in the form of great incentives from the government. These included free education for the child, priority housing, family benefit and a state pension for the family. ...read more.


If a families first born child was female, it was at times abandoned so that the couple could try again for a boy. The Chinese government also commissioned teams to go from village to village providing a sterilisation service. This at times was a very unfair method and often breached human rights. As the teams were paid by the number of operations they carried out. So often women were sterilised against their will. In Chinas anti-feminist society it was almost always that women were sterilised instead of men. The government would defend their actions saying that there was a serious need for rapid population control or there would have been further suffering to the people. Credit can be given that the scheme worked and met target before time. Today regulations on population control have been relaxed mainly due to the fact that all targets have been met. But also because of pressure from the west. This is mainly in rural areas of china where children are still a useful form of labour on farms, so two children is permitted. But in industrial regions one child is still most likely. Sterilisation is now provided in a manner that is less likely to be damaging and in breach of human rights. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    Others think that China's population problems were so serious that any means to the end were acceptable, as long as the population time-bomb was suitably defused. Even with the population at the reduced one-child levels, China is still a net importer of almost every major foodstuff.

  2. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    Rural peasants began to suffer immensely, yet still Mao tried to 'squeeze' more out of them; 'educate peasants to eat less, and have more thin gruel', he instructed. 'The state should try its hardest... to prevent peasants eating too much'.


    The Tai group are concentrated in southern Yunnan and were established in two autonomous prefectures-one whose population is related most closely to the Tai of northern Thailand and another whose Tai are related to the Shan people of Burma. The Li of Hai-nan Island form a separate group of the Chinese-Tai language branch.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    regions of the world because of overuse by man. It undermines food production and contributes to malnutrition and famine. The Extent Of The Problem * 20million km2 of land degraded each year * Affects 280 million people * 110 countries have drylands, desertification could affect 900 million people * areas suffering are Africa, China, Pakistan, Australia * UN claims

  1. China Population policy was the correct approach to control an expanding population

    To get the population to reduce to this number the total fertility rate would have to reduce to 1.5. The state not wanting to take risks introduced a rigorous one child per family policy. To persuade the people, the one child received free education, priority housing, pension and family benefits.

  2. Theories of population.

    Forest Cover Per Capita 2000 (hectares) Forest Cover 2025 (thousands of hectares) Forest Cover Per Capita 2025 (hectares) 2,794 0.05 3,246 0.05 CARBON DIOXIDE CO2 Emissions 1998 (thousands of metric tons of carbon) CO2 Emissions Per Capita 1998 (metric tons of carbon)

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    Pesticides are very expensive, taking much money. Smaller farms are sold to pay back money, to the large farms, so the wealthy have got richer, smaller farms have lost all. 27. Aral Sea Disaster Location: Syrdarya and Amundayrya rivers flow into the Aral Sea in Kazakstan and Uzebikistan.

  2. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    by adding up the number of a particular service in a particular settlement and putting this data into a matrix (see appendix). If we take the example of Ballyboley, there is one church and so if one reads down the Ballyboley column, at the church row there is placed a 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work