• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Population density and distribution of Brazil.

Extracts from this document...


Population density and distribution of Brazil Brazil has a total area of 8,511,965 square kilometres. It is over 35 times larger than the UK and the width of the country at its widest point is almost equal to the distance from London to New York. It has a population density of 19.3 per km3. The distribution of population throughout Brazil is very uneven. Below figure 1 shows the population density throughout Brazil. Areas with a high population density tend to be around major towns and cities. More than 40% of the total population live around in the Southeast, but however this land is only 18% of the total area. This means that a large are of Brazil is thinly populated. Humans very thinly populate the large area of the Amazon rainforest but it does however have the largest natural reserve of wild animals in the world. Figure one also shows a distinct pattern in the population density throughout Brazil. Over 90% of the population live near the coast, mainly in the South East of the country. ...read more.


They migrate for a number of reasons firstly there a many more jobs in this area and the rate of pay is higher than in other rural areas. Rural areas such as the North East suffer from environmental difficulties such as extreme droughts, which make it difficult for them to farm. People in cities also tend to live longer due to the better conditions and medical care. However the quick growth of the cities has put enormous pressure on housing and on public services like water supply, sewerage, health care and education. The number of permanent houses is growing rapidly in urban areas. Even so, for many of the newcomers and young people growing up in the cities, it is difficult to find somewhere to live. They cannot afford to buy or rent permanent housing, so they often finish up living in shantytowns (see figure 3) called "favelas" in Brazil. Shantytowns are common in other industrialising countries of the world where people are moving to cities in search of better living. ...read more.


Hydro electricity is an important industry in Brazil as 90% of its electricity is produced this way. Projects to set these sites up were funded with money borrowed from other countries in the 1970's. The population however in Brazil is steadily increasing in 1980 the total population was 119 million and in 1995 it was 155.82 million. There are a lot of young people in Brazil 62% of the population is under 29 and 44% under 19. This means that the population is likely to rise even more in the next 10 to 15 years as these women will reach child bearing age and the average women is Brazil bears an average of 2 children. However in the past this number was an average of 6 in the early 1990's, but as Brazil has become a more economically developed country this number has decreased with improved contraception and education. However before because of poor medical care it was unlikely that all 6 children would survive into their teens so it was necessary to give birth to a large number of children. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Population Distribution - Brazil is the largest country in South America and has a ...

    The next factor is communications. People need to live in contact with other places. This means that many of the towns and cities of Brazil are on the coast so that they can trade via ports and the sea. This is also true for why people live near the rivers in Brazil.

  2. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    Urban Heat Island It has been known for some time that cities are generally warmer than the surrounding, more rural areas. Because of this relative warmth, a city may be referred to as an urban heat island. The reason the city is warmer than the country comes down to a difference between the energy gains and losses of each region.

  1. Describe and explain the link between physical and human resources against the population density ...

    This is because the area has a positive relief of lowlands and gently undulating terrain with the soils being fertile and easily worked e.g. loams and alluvium. The vegetation is easy to clear and it has valuable grasslands. The valley has well drained soils with adequate water supply for domestic, industrial and agricultural uses.

  2. "Describe and account for the inequalities in population distribution in Brazil" (25)

    For example 20% of Brazil's land is only occupied by approximately 3% of it's population. The 1980's curve has only changed slightly in 20 years. Now the curve is moving more towards Lorenz's curve, which implies that slowly more people are spreading out of the densely populated areas.

  1. Assess the importance of physical factors when explaining Brazil's population distribution

    The colonists started capturing and selling slaves. They discovered that the land and the climate along the coast were ideal for growing sugar cane. In the mid-1600s, men from Sao Paolo, usually born of Indian mothers in the interior, reached the peaks of the Peruvian Andes and secured the huge interior of South America for Portuguese Brazil.

  2. Sao Paulo Research.

    Vicente (the future state of sao Paulo), a shelter where the priests could live and initiate the conversion, was chosen. In January 24th 1554, a group of 13 Jesuit priests, commanded by the priest Jos� de Anchieta started building on the banks of the Tamanduate� river, next to the Vale do Anhangaba� (now the centre of Sao Paulo).

  1. Population Density and Distribution.

    Altitude is the height above sea level. This effects both the temperature and the amount of oxygen in the air. Temperature drops by 6�C at every 1000 meters up; as well as the amount of oxygen.

  2. Theories of population.

    Arable Land Per Capita 1975 (hectares) Arable Land 1999 (thousands of hectares) Arable Land Per Capita 2000 (hectares) Arable Land Per Capita 2025 (Low) (hectares) Arable Land Per Capita 2025 (Med) (hectares) Arable Land Per Capita 2025 (High) (hectares) 188,218 0.85 179,000 0.63 0.54 0.52 0.49 FORESTS Forest Cover 2000 (thousands of hectares)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work