• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Population Distribution - Brazil is the largest country in South America and has a population of 160 million (in 1997).

Extracts from this document...


Population Distribution Brazil is the largest country in South America and has a population of 160 million (in 1997). Despite this vast population, the distribution of the population in Brazil is very uneven. This uneven distribution can be explained by a number of factors, which are explained below. They are not in any order. The first factor is climate. There are four main types of climate in Brazil and these affect where people live. In the west, there is a tropical rainforest climate, so very few people live there, as it is too humid. The east has monsoon weather with very high rainfall throughout the year. The south has a very dry climate, which causes a winter drought. A drought also occurs in the eastern highlands. The mean monthly temperature for Brazil is well over 28� and Brazil receives over 2000 mm of rain per year. This causes floods, landslides and leaches nutrients from the soil. The floods and heavy rain are more common in the west and there is many rainforests in that area. The second factor is vegetation. ...read more.


There is so much disease in the shantytowns as there is no drainage and people are using the same water to drink, to cook, to wash in as contains excrement. The next factor is the soils. This is important as Brazil is well known for its coffee and so people tend to live where the good soils are so they can make a good living. The best soils for growing coffee are the Terra Rossa soils and these are found in the southeastern highlands. The Amazon has very poor soils due to leaching from the amount of rain it receives daily. The next factor is water. Water affect where people live, as they need water to survive. This table shows the amount of rainfall per year of various areas/cities of Brazil. Place Rainfall per year Sao Paulo 1,425 mm Brasilia 1,560 mm Rio de Janeiro 1,082 mm Amazon Basin 2,000 mm The table shows that different areas of Brazil receive different amounts of rainfall per year. If a place receives, too little people cannot live there. Likewise, if a place receives too much rainfall, flood, mudslides and soils become leached of nutrients. The next factor is communications. ...read more.


In addition, an extreme example of political intervention in the distribution of the population is Transmigration. This is where the government deliberately move groups of people from one place to another. This happened in Brazil by people being sold cheap train tickets and being told that if they moved to the Amazon Basin the would have a successful farm where as the soil in the Amazon is very poor. Due to this, some of the countries poorest people are stuck in the Amazon trying to save up enough again to get the train home. Climate Vegetation Relief Disease and Pests Soils Water Communications Resources Economics Political The population of Brazil is very uneven because of several main factors, which have been highlighted in this essay. Theses were: Most people in Brazil live near the coast or river, in areas of not very dense vegetation, places that have good links with trade and transport, that have good resources, that is not too humid and that is between 400 and 1000 metres above sea level. In the future maybe the government may try to even it out again but the people of Brazil have picked good areas to settle in and to thrive in. Rachael Hay ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How Do Human and Natural Factors Affect the Global Population Distribution?

    4 star(s)

    Areas of the world which have a climate which is an extreme is not likely to have a lot of the worlds people living on it. If the annual rainfall is too high there will be mass flooding and if it is to low then there will be a drought,

  2. Population density and distribution of Brazil.

    The area is hot, wet and unhealthy. The soils are poor and lack most important natural minerals. Transport through the area is very limited due to the large amount of trees. Health care education and electricity are practically non-existent. Compared with the southeast the birth, death and infant mortality rates are high and life expectancy is short.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    of the volume of water passing a given point in a river at any time The maximum discharge is called the 'peak discharge,' and the difference between this and the peak rainfall is called the lag time. The time is along the bottom in hours, and on the y axis, there is rainfall (mm)

  2. "Describe and account for the inequalities in population distribution in Brazil" (25)

    The diagonal line on the Lorenz curve shows that there would be an even distribution of people across the land in the country. However Brazil's curves both highly deviate from Lorenz's curve making it clear that Brazils population is unevenly distributed.

  1. Indonesian Transmigration

    Migrating families have to fit a certain criteria. Each family must be healthy and all under the age of 40, preferably married with two-four children. Experience of farming is required without a criminal record. After a one-week training programme, the families are transported by air to their destinations to live in a four-roomed house provided by the government.

  2. Assess the importance of physical factors when explaining Brazil's population distribution

    The reasons for this in Brazil are historic and colonial, physical landscape and environment, economy, farming and industry, society and culture and political decisions. The pattern seen in the population density map of Brazil can be explained using those factors and the relation between them.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    beyond the boundaries of the municipality proper into neighboring municipalities, making it a metropolitan area with a population of 4.6 million. Population growth has continued since 1960, although the rate of growth has slowed. In 1996 the city's population stood at 9,839,436and in 1996 it was estimated that 16.8 million people lived in the metropolitan area.

  2. Theories of population.

    These things all take a long term. Even if, the international aid would be pressed to India, and the India government still has extremely difficult problems to get their development targets, which include feeding these people, educating them, providing available houses, building up transportation and producing enough jobs and so on.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work