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Population policies

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Introduction

'Population policies create more problems than they solve'. With reference to pro-natalist, anti-natalist and migration policies assess the validity of the statement. China is suffering from a rapidly increasing population and on the other side of the spectrum; Russia is suffering from a decreasing population. Both countries have implemented population policies to try and tackle there problems. But do these policies really help? Or do they create more problems than they solve? In this essay, I shall look at both Russia's pro-natalist policies and then china's anti-natalist policies and I will be assessing their effects. Firstly, I am going to define what pro and anti-natalist means; Pro-natalist - Encourage couples to have more children and thus increase the population. E.g. Russia Anti-natalist - Dissuade couples from having more children and thus reduce fertility. Emphasis on family planning. E.g. China Russia has pro-natalist policies, it is the largest country in the world, is facing a demographic crisis; poverty and infertility has lowered birth rates to about 9.95 per 1,000 people and poor health care and alcoholic problems have increased death rates to 14.65 deaths per 1,000. Poverty and lack of opportunities are encouraging people to leave the country in search of a better life; 100,000 people are leaving Russia every year while only about 70,000 immigrants enter. ...read more.

Middle

Offered lot of prizes to women who give birth on the Russian national unity day. These policies don't actually tackle the real problems, people aren't going to have children for a few gifts and they're not going to half children because they have a day off of work either. The real problem lies with poverty, giving $9,200 is only going to help in the short term, but the kids need to be clothed and fed for 18 years. This money would be better spent creating jobs that will increase wealth and make people want to have children as opposed to encouraging them to have children when they don't want to. The money spent trying to encourage people to have children could be spent reducing the death rates, this is something Russia isn't doing very well; 35,000 people die every year from alcohol, Russia needs to reduce this problem and also improve the health care system, this will increase life expectancy and improve the economy, which would have a multiplier effect as it would improve the economy and allow more people to have children. China has anti-natalist policies; with just over 1.3 billion people it is the world's most populous country. ...read more.

Conclusion

China has now stopped forcing abortions and instead has tried to educate them through family planning schemes, these organisations were once feared however they're now offering advice and are decreasing birth rates without force. Even with it's problems, 75% Chinese people agree with this one child policy and there is no doubt that it has decreased Chinas population growth, however, I think that because the child policy was implemented to remove negative externalities, it shouldn't create more of them. Instead of forcing people to have one child, they should have identified the reasons why people had a lot of children and made it easier for them to have one children by tackling those reasons. They should have created more jobs and increased pensions so that the people wouldn't need to rely on their children to look after them in the world age. Out of the two countries, I think the anti-natalist policies that china has implemented have been more successful; they have decreased population growth which was a huge problem for china. Russia on the other hand, hasn't really increased its population and is wasting a lot of money providing short solution to the problem; they need use this money to create more jobs and to improve the healthcare system. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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