• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Population policies

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Population policies create more problems than they solve'. With reference to pro-natalist, anti-natalist and migration policies assess the validity of the statement. China is suffering from a rapidly increasing population and on the other side of the spectrum; Russia is suffering from a decreasing population. Both countries have implemented population policies to try and tackle there problems. But do these policies really help? Or do they create more problems than they solve? In this essay, I shall look at both Russia's pro-natalist policies and then china's anti-natalist policies and I will be assessing their effects. Firstly, I am going to define what pro and anti-natalist means; Pro-natalist - Encourage couples to have more children and thus increase the population. E.g. Russia Anti-natalist - Dissuade couples from having more children and thus reduce fertility. Emphasis on family planning. E.g. China Russia has pro-natalist policies, it is the largest country in the world, is facing a demographic crisis; poverty and infertility has lowered birth rates to about 9.95 per 1,000 people and poor health care and alcoholic problems have increased death rates to 14.65 deaths per 1,000. Poverty and lack of opportunities are encouraging people to leave the country in search of a better life; 100,000 people are leaving Russia every year while only about 70,000 immigrants enter. ...read more.

Middle

Offered lot of prizes to women who give birth on the Russian national unity day. These policies don't actually tackle the real problems, people aren't going to have children for a few gifts and they're not going to half children because they have a day off of work either. The real problem lies with poverty, giving $9,200 is only going to help in the short term, but the kids need to be clothed and fed for 18 years. This money would be better spent creating jobs that will increase wealth and make people want to have children as opposed to encouraging them to have children when they don't want to. The money spent trying to encourage people to have children could be spent reducing the death rates, this is something Russia isn't doing very well; 35,000 people die every year from alcohol, Russia needs to reduce this problem and also improve the health care system, this will increase life expectancy and improve the economy, which would have a multiplier effect as it would improve the economy and allow more people to have children. China has anti-natalist policies; with just over 1.3 billion people it is the world's most populous country. ...read more.

Conclusion

China has now stopped forcing abortions and instead has tried to educate them through family planning schemes, these organisations were once feared however they're now offering advice and are decreasing birth rates without force. Even with it's problems, 75% Chinese people agree with this one child policy and there is no doubt that it has decreased Chinas population growth, however, I think that because the child policy was implemented to remove negative externalities, it shouldn't create more of them. Instead of forcing people to have one child, they should have identified the reasons why people had a lot of children and made it easier for them to have one children by tackling those reasons. They should have created more jobs and increased pensions so that the people wouldn't need to rely on their children to look after them in the world age. Out of the two countries, I think the anti-natalist policies that china has implemented have been more successful; they have decreased population growth which was a huge problem for china. Russia on the other hand, hasn't really increased its population and is wasting a lot of money providing short solution to the problem; they need use this money to create more jobs and to improve the healthcare system. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    Two measures of the standard of living which are obviously important are the birth and death rates. If a society is prospering and people are happy then both will tend to fall. The reasons for this trend are numerous. With the increased welfare afforded by affluence, more people can live

  2. An Overview of Immigration to Australia

    Because they needed more assistance, migrant assistance and welfare expenditure rose quickly in the early 1970s. * Multiculturalism from 1972 With the advent of multiculturalism, some organizations were established such as the Australian Institute of Multicultural Affairs in 1979, which was replaced by the Office of Multicultural Affairs in the

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    Policy: In 1979, a one child policy was enforced by loss of benefits, propaganda, fines, abortions, and sterilisation. One child families were rewarded through child care and other incentives. Successes: 1986 - 83% families had 1 child, overall fertility rate was 1.9, rural areas became more prosperous.

  2. POPULATION GROWTH - China

    autonomous prefecture with Tibetans and Kazakh in Tsinghai, and several autonomous counties in the western area of the Northeast. Some of them retain their tribal divisions and are pastoralists, but large numbers of Mongolians engage in sedentary agriculture, and some of them combine the growing of crops with herding.

  1. Migration: Russia

    This is because of the lack of a state program for distributing forced migrants, and so they choose destinations due to their accessibility from their starting point and the location of relatives. The break up of the Soviet Union had a large impact on migration into Russia.

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    The rest of the nobility both in France and in England realigned themselves with their superiors and took sides with them in dynastic struggles for the control of the Crown which was the only sure source of sustained patronage. In France this led to the wars between the Burgundians and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work