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Positive and negative effects of the Three Gorges dam project in China.

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Introduction

The Three Gorges Dam The Three Gorges Dam is located in Asia, China. It is not yet finished but will be by November 2009. In China the Three Gorges Dam is 800 miles up the third longest river in the world called the River Yangtze, and is positioned in the middle of two cities called Chongqing and Wuham. The river Yangtze is 6300 km long and has 7 cities found along it, these are Wuhan, Yichang, Wanxian, Nanjing, Chongqing, Liuzhou and Zhenjiang. The dam is needed to stop the dreadful and unpredictable floods of the river Yangtze. For example, in 1998, a flood killed over 3000 people. The Three Gorges Dam has been created to prevent disasters like this from happening again. The dam was also made to make China wealthier, help the environment and lift citizens out of poverty by producing electricity from of hydro-electric-power. The Three Gorges Dam has many positive effects. For example, it provides HEP (hydro-electric power), which gives people electricity for fridges, lights and television, making power much more affordable. With HEP there is no CO2 (global warming gas) being generated, so it is very good for the environment and the atmosphere. ...read more.

Middle

11 major towns, 114 small towns and 1711 villages will be drowned, forcing all of 1.2 million residents to move (forced migration) whether they want to or not. The limestone dissolves in water, this may affect the dam. The flooding of the dam will wash away fertile soil making it harder to grow crops. The Yangtze River grows 70% of the country's rice harvest and 50% of China's food production. Barley, wheat corn and cotton are all important crops grown on the fertile flood plain (arable). This will again be a bad issue for the farmers. They will not be able to sell crops for a living and feed their families. There is a high density of people on the flood plain. The Yangtze river is needed so much for crops because it gives a supply of fresh water to millions of people. The Government will pay them compensation for the loss of their homes and farmland, but the new houses and flats are very expensive, and corruption and crime have made the new houses too expensive and poorly built. The corruption of the Government was many of the people in the governments stole the money that would have been for the famers and homeless people new houses but they could not get the compensation. ...read more.

Conclusion

This does not show the bad points of what this is doing. This is from the Governments point of view and you can see how this is actually a bad point. They are not saying anything about the moving of the families and the corruption in the compensation and unfairness. On our cost benefit analysis we have five points that are from the benefits when the famers have only two this shows the biased in the analysis. The farmers have got six points of why they think it is bad but they are not being biased. Overall we feel that the Three Gorges Dam is bad (cost) because it is affecting a large number of people. It is affecting the people of china whilst the government isn't getting affected in any way they are only getting richer. We come to our decision and our decision is the Three Gorses Dam is bad for china. We came to our decision by a cost and benefit analysis and our score was 26 to cost and 25 to good. However we had already came to well-built thought before that the Three Gorges Dam id more ban than good so going back to the question we think the Three Gorges Dam is bad for china. ...read more.

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