Post-war developments of travel and tourism
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Post-war developments of travel and tourism Since the Second World War, which ended in 1945, the worldwide travel and tourism industry had grown so much that it is considered as the largest industry in the world. In the past 40 years the developments of the industry has been shaped by a number of factors. These factors can be divided into four categories, which are: * Changing socio-economic conditions * Developing technology * Product technology * Changing consumer needs Changing Socio-economic conditions This is the term given to the combination of social and economic factors. These factors have contributed to the growth of the travel and tourism industry since the Second World War. Leisure time has increased greatly in the past amount of years for people in the UK. One of the reasons it has increased is because of the introduction of paid holidays. Now people feel at ease to go on holiday without of being short for money when they come home. Theses paid holydays have increased seaside holidays significantly such as Brighton, Blackpool or Benidorm. The entitlement of four to five weeks paid holidays has helped UK domestic tourism industry by encouraging consumers to take a short holiday breaks in addition to their main holiday. The length of the working week has also been reduced largely. In the 1950's the average working week in the UK was 50 hours. The typical working week in the UK range 37-40 hours. Many workers have greater choice now about the pattern of their working week. The unemployed and the increased number of retired people in recent years has seen the demand for leisure activities due to their needs. This has been a significant factor in the growth of companies such as SAGA, which specialize in holidays for people over 50. Disposable income This is the amount of money that people have after they have paid for the necessities such as mortgage and household bills.
These organisations include tourist boards and local authorities, which run facilities such as museums and tourist information centres. The British Tourist Authority is one of the key public sector organisations involved in supporting the UK tourism industry. July 25: The Development of Tourism Act 1969 receives Royal Assent and comes into force one month later, signalling the start of the British Tourist Authority (and the national boards for England, Scotland and Wales) sponsored by the Board of Trade This was the first piece of legislation specifically concerned with tourism. It is responsible for promoting Britain as a destination for incoming tourists. (Source: visitBritain.com) The voluntary sector are usually non-profit making or charitable are managed and operated largely by volunteers. An example is travel clubs and a wide range of countryside recreation and heritage pressure groups. Components of the travel and tourism industry * Travel agents * Tour operators * Transportation * Tourist attractions * Tourism development * Accommodation and catering Travel agents Travel and tourism providers are closely related and combine to provide facilities, products and services for people travelling away from their normal place of residence. A massive range of products and services is required to meet the travel needs of leisure and business tourist. Retail Travel agents sell a range of leisure travel products and services to outgoing, incoming and domestic visitors. They are usually located in a prime unit on the high street. They act as a link between customers and tour operators. They give customers advice on the right holiday. The role of the travel agent is changing. This is simply because of the increasing demand on Internet bookings for half the price and also teletext. But high street travel agents can give you their advice on holidays and which ones to beware of, and also help with any other queries. Travel agencies range from independent outlets, multiples and miniples.
London Zoo London 906,923 930,000 Windsor Castle Windsor 904, 164 1,126,508 Roman Baths Bath 864,989 932,566 St.Paul`s Cathedral London 837,894 937,025 *Estimations Free admissions attractions Attraction Location Visits 2001 Visits 2000 Blackpool Pleasure Beach Blackpool 6,500,000 6,800,000 National Gallery London 4,918,985* 4,897,690* British Museum London 4,800,938 5,466,246* Tate Modern London 3,551,885 3,873,887 Pleasure land Theme Park Southport 2,100,000* 2,100,000* Clacton Pier Clacton-on-Sea 1,750,000* 1,000,000* York Minster York 1,600,000* 1,750,000* Pleasure Beach Great Yarmouth 1,500,000* 1,500,000* National Portrait Gallery London 1,269,819 1,178,400 Poole Pottery Poole 1,063,499 1,129,419 Kelvin grove Art Gallery & Museum Glasgow 1,031,138* 1,003,169* Tate Britain London 1,011,716 1,204,147* Cannon Hill Park Moseley 950,000* 950,000* Chester Cathedral Chester 900,000 1,000,000* Flamingo Family Fun Park Hastings 900,000* 860,000* National Museum of Photography, Film & Television Bradford 874,000* 1,017,373* The Lowry Salford 774,577* 688,600* Carsington Water Visitor Centre Ashbourne 750,000* 825,000* Somerset House London 700,000* 450,000* St Martin-in-the-Fields London 700,000* Source: staruk.org Visitor attractions are often cluttered in one area or destination. Every one has been to some kind of visitor attraction in their life. When you go on holiday that is the main part of it is to experience the attractions. It has a major impact on the economy in terms of consumer spending and employment. However, because the industry is so varied and uneven, it is often difficult to assess its exact contribution to the national economy. The British Tourist Authority and the English Tourism council estimate that the value of tourism to the UK in 1998 was £61,201 million, making the industry the fourth largest earner of foreign exchange. It is now worth approx £74 billion in 2001 and has created about 2.1 million jobs. In 1998, 25.7 million overseas This table shows the total spending of overseas tourist spending in the UK The English Tourism Council and the British Tourist Authority both produce data that highlight the importance of tourism to the national economy. The UK domestic tourism expenditure in 2001 was more than £59 billion. Nichola Maguire Unit 1 1
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