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Processes Responsible For Urbanisation In LEDCs

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Introduction

Processes responsible for urbanisation in LEDCs Cities in the developing world have experienced urbanisation over the last fifty years and the rate has been faster in these countries than in MEDCs. This is shown by Mexico city's population because since 1960 Mexico city's population has grown from around 5 million to around 25 million, which is an average growth of half a million a year. Urbanisation happens in the developing world for two main reasons these are natural population increase and push and pull factors. High natural population growth happens to countries in stages two and three of the Demographic Transition models. These stages mean the country still has a high birth rate, however health care has improved which means that life expectancy increases, resulting in a lower death toll. ...read more.

Middle

Case study for urbanisation in LEDCs A city that has experienced rapid urbanisation is Sao Paulo in Brazil. Sao Paulo has experienced urbanisation because of people moving from the rural areas in the north for the hope of a better life in the south. There are many push factors in these urban areas one of the main problems is over-population, which people want to escape. People are also being forced away to find jobs because of mechanisation of agriculture, like many LEDCs. Young people also do not want to work in farming and want to look for other jobs. People are also forced away because these rural areas are remote and the farming is mainly subsistence and the crops can fail. Other push factors in these areas are there is no education and governments aren't likely to survive. ...read more.

Conclusion

From the graph you can see that most MEDCs grew rapidly in between the 1920s and 1980s this was when the industrial revolution and in this period the rate of urbanisation in LEDCs was much lower, for example the highest rate in this period in an MEDC was North America with 52% but in an LEDC it was Latin America with 22%. However after this period the growth of MEDCs slowed down because of recession and counter urbanisation and the rate speeded up in MEDCs. The other differences in percentage of a continent urbanised is that MEDCs seemed to be more urbanised than LEDCs. The other difference is the process responsible for urbanisation is that most MEDCs grew because of the industrial revolution but most LEDCs experienced urbanisation because of a natural population increase and the effects of the push factors of a lack of jobs and the pull factors of the cities of employment oppurtunites and public services. ...read more.

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