• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Processes Responsible For Urbanisation In LEDCs

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Processes responsible for urbanisation in LEDCs Cities in the developing world have experienced urbanisation over the last fifty years and the rate has been faster in these countries than in MEDCs. This is shown by Mexico city's population because since 1960 Mexico city's population has grown from around 5 million to around 25 million, which is an average growth of half a million a year. Urbanisation happens in the developing world for two main reasons these are natural population increase and push and pull factors. High natural population growth happens to countries in stages two and three of the Demographic Transition models. These stages mean the country still has a high birth rate, however health care has improved which means that life expectancy increases, resulting in a lower death toll. ...read more.

Middle

Case study for urbanisation in LEDCs A city that has experienced rapid urbanisation is Sao Paulo in Brazil. Sao Paulo has experienced urbanisation because of people moving from the rural areas in the north for the hope of a better life in the south. There are many push factors in these urban areas one of the main problems is over-population, which people want to escape. People are also being forced away to find jobs because of mechanisation of agriculture, like many LEDCs. Young people also do not want to work in farming and want to look for other jobs. People are also forced away because these rural areas are remote and the farming is mainly subsistence and the crops can fail. Other push factors in these areas are there is no education and governments aren't likely to survive. ...read more.

Conclusion

From the graph you can see that most MEDCs grew rapidly in between the 1920s and 1980s this was when the industrial revolution and in this period the rate of urbanisation in LEDCs was much lower, for example the highest rate in this period in an MEDC was North America with 52% but in an LEDC it was Latin America with 22%. However after this period the growth of MEDCs slowed down because of recession and counter urbanisation and the rate speeded up in MEDCs. The other differences in percentage of a continent urbanised is that MEDCs seemed to be more urbanised than LEDCs. The other difference is the process responsible for urbanisation is that most MEDCs grew because of the industrial revolution but most LEDCs experienced urbanisation because of a natural population increase and the effects of the push factors of a lack of jobs and the pull factors of the cities of employment oppurtunites and public services. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Counter Urbanisation

    For example, in the north-west corner of the village, where in 1884 there was Thurston Heat, there are now shops. This is a benefit to the local community and the village will make more money. More shops have also been placed near the school.

  2. What is meant by the term Urbanisation?

    New York, UA - 16.4 million 5.) Bombay, India - 15.7 million This data introduces 3 new cities - Bombay, Mexico City and Sao Paulo, and the two MEDC cities - Paris and London are no longer in the top 5.

  1. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    Often these small units are the result of systems of inheritance whereby on the death of a farmer his land is divided amongst hiss sons. In Mexico, where the sub-division has occurred over several generations, present-day families have in-sufficient land for their needs and so many people have moved to

  2. The process of urbanisation in Australian history.

    an urban industry encouraging the growth of cities.11 However, in Hobart an economic decline occurred when the economy collapsed to its natural level between 1860 and 1865. The period after the gold rushes, 1860 to 1890, saw over-seas borrowing become more important than domestic savings as a source of investment

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    rare wildlife and dramatic scenery, with several sites of scientific interest Causes: From the South there was a storm force 10 , hurricane wind, which blew the Norwegian Braer onto the rocks, as its engines broke down. It discharged most of its oil cargo into the sea Effects: The oil contaminated farm land and beaches, this effected the farming community.

  2. Locality and Hapiness: A Study of Quality of Life

    (This actually explains the reason why Upminster has the least population and Whitechapel has the Most).Finally, on health he said that the hospitals and surgeries were not as good as the ones in Old Church and Harold Wood. In addition, you had to travel very far to get treatment.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    where, besides bars playing forr´┐Ż music (typical from the north east part of Brazil), you can find most of the city's theatres. History of Sao Paulo In the beginning of the 16th century Brazil had just been discovered by the Portuguese, and the paulistano (from Sao Paulo)

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    in 1351 which fixed wage rates at pre plague levels and prohibited the movement of peasants from their tenancies without their lord's permission. These regulations proved impossible to enforce, not least because the lords themselves broke the law in order to attract tenants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work