• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Proposal for Development of Petrol Chemical Plant on Jurong Island.

Extracts from this document...


Done by Cheong May Anne Woon Shu YI Proposal for Development of Petrol Chemical Plant on Jurong Island To produce materials for the manufacture for products such as plastics in both Singapore and other neighbouring countries in South East Asia Proposal for development of Petrol Chemical Plant on Jurong Island Brief Information Input Capital input for construction and maintenance of a petrochemical plant is high because of the large amounts of electricity and water id needed to heat up raw materials used in the petrochemical industry from which hydrocarbons are extracted. The main raw materials would be naphtha and kerosene, which are obtained from oil refineries. A highly skill labour force is required to run the advance machinery. Processes In the plant, crackers are used to break up large hydrocarbons in refined oil products like naphtha and gasoline. In the cracker, hydrocarbons heated by steam pass over the hot catalyst powered alumina-silica gel. The catalyst provides a huge surface on which the hydrocarbons break up into smaller more useful hydrocarbons. After crackling, the compounds are separated by fractionation. Some of these compounds are joined with other chemicals. Outputs Processed basic petrochemicals such as ethylene, propylene, butadiene, benzene, isoprene, and xylenes, which are the building blocks for innumerable chemical products spanning the range of the plastic, rubber, and synthetic fiber industries. ...read more.


to end-users in the vicinity or to ports to be exported to other neighboring countries in South East Asia. The sitting of the related industries in close proximity results in an invisible network of partnership that connects companies on the island, Jurong Island's vertical integration will save about 25 to 30 per cent off capital outlay and 10 to 15 per cent logistics cost. Furthermore Jurong Island is located along tanker routes and the availability of infacturure such as ports means the plants outputs can be shipped out easily Future plans for Expansion As the number of petrochemical plants are set up, competition from varies companys will increase (Table 1). To maintain competitiveness and to expand, we must firstly maxism the output of the current plant. Ramping of production capacity automation machinery improve procedures Second third shifts Merger and acquisition Extensive reseach into making production more cost and laboour efficentive, R&D work to develop more efficient production procedures ,continusing to improve standards and skiulls of workers Proposal for Development of Wafer Fabrication Plant in Pasir Ris Wafer Fab Park To process bare wafers made locally and distributed its products worldwide Proposal for development of Wafer Fabrication Plant in Pasir Ris Wafer Fab Park Brief Information Input Capital input for Wafer fabrication is high because of the expensive start up cost huge investments with an average direct investment of US$1 billion per fab. ...read more.


As testament to that, you'll find Germans, Japanese, Koreans, Americans, Taiwanese and mainland Chinese all working in Singapore's semiconductor sector.Good for foreign talent ie Italian and French Excellt airport, near airport efficient exporting of wafers worldwide Pasir Ris has industry luminaries United Microelectronics Corporation (UMC), the world's second largest foundry chance of working with large company Future plans for expansion Is the heart of Southeast Asia and ideal for tapping into closer markets like China, Malaysia, and Australia. APAC headquarters of most MNCs based out of here. Big business opportunity in that sector.But base stioll in Singapore Carry out R&D work to develop new, more sophisticated value-added products and more efficient methods of production in fields of wafer fabrication. Turn more to mechanization and automationm to achieve higher productivity Set up wafer fabrication plants overseas in countries with lower labour cost such as Taiwan and China while still having hq in Singapore Mus t be commited to carrying out product development and manufacturing actieveities in Singapore Make Singapore base for manufacturing wafers and headquaters services to satellite factoris in the region go into partnership with EDB inrisk-sharing partnerhip to invest in overseas projects Company to retrain worker to equip themselves with cerfiable and critical high-end skills needed by in production of wafer fabrication, obtain grants from Skills development fund to send employees for critical skills training [d1]Ddd ?? (footnote continued) 4 3 4 5 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    sugar cane. Steep slopes affect farming by: * Limiting access to farm plots * Restrict the use of farm machines * Increase the risk of soil erosion Appropriate Technology Technology: the use of tools, machinery and knowledge and to complete tasks. Increasing production in agriculture is linked to the use of modern technology e.g.

  2. Arthur Lewis's dual-sector model of development.

    Rostow also briefly mentions the need of a flow foreign exchange into the modern industrial sector. He points out that increased access to foreign exchange is vital to permit the less advanced countries to increase the supply of the equipment and industrial raw materials it could not then itself supply.

  1. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    AG Ludwigsburg 9,272.00 Deutsche Schiffsbank AG Hamburg 9,230.00 ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN Aktiengesellschaft Friedrichshafen 9,169.00 Hoechst AG Frankfurt am Main 9,168.00 LBS Westdeutsche Landesbausparkasse M�nster 9,062.00 Sparkasse Aachen Aachen 9,041.00 Sparkasse Pforzheim Calw Pforzheim 9,023.00 LBS Landesbausparkasse Baden- W�rttemberg Stuttgart 8,983.00 Sal.

  2. In what ways are banks in developing countries different from banks in financially developed ...

    They provide credit for a large proportion of the population that would otherwise not qualify for loans from commercial banks - the proportionately dominant demographic group of rural poor. Many of these development banks are still fully or partly state-owned, leading to various problems.

  1. To what extent did the 'collective' farms of Eastern Europe work?

    It is my belief that in the immediate aftermath of the War the cooperative farm initiative was a beneficial idea for recovering economies. It ensured that a steady if not ample supply of foodstuff was available to the nation. The discrepancies within the policy began to arise once rapid industrialisation had kicked in.

  2. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    Manufacturing organizations usually deal with a large number of 'independent'. The tasks can range from determining market demand, planning production, carrying out specific manufacturing operations and processes, assuring quality control and transport both internally and externally. This task has become increasingly difficult within today's sophisticated global markets and sophisticated products suites [2].

  1. Protective clothing - A report for the YMI scheme on the manufacturing processes of ...

    The most viable drawings will be chosen and developed into design boards. Appropriate fabric swatches will be sourced for the production of the garment and attached to these boards. 3.2 These designs will be ready for the next stage of development, which will be the development of the patterns.

  2. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    Longe Industries could claim an actual loss of those opportunity costs. * Violation of patent law: Longe Industries had filed a patent application for the Longe Arm 7000 series axles. The design of the 7000 series included a twin arm trailing axle that attached to the truck bed, rather than the truck frame.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work