• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Research on China's population. The name of article is Chinas days of one-child only may be ending which was written by Jane Macarthney. It was published in The Weekend Australia, March 20-21, 2010.

Free essay example:

QI Zhang 1157040

Summary

The name of article is ‘China’s days of one-child only may be ending’ which was written by Jane Macarthney. It was published in The Weekend Australia, March 20-21, 2010. Macarthney got the information from the Southern Weekend newspaper in Guangzhou and also from some government officers. The main topic of this article is the experiment with the two children policy conducted in Yicheng, China.

The Chinese government implemented two children policy in Yicheng which is southwest of the capital, 25 years ago in order to see whether there would be population explosion. The reason for choosing Yicheng is that it is a typical farming. The people with certain conditions can have maximum two children. However, the test had some strict rules such as men in Yicheng cannot marry until they are 25; women should not before 23 year-old. Additionally, the gap between first child and second kid has to more than 6 months; otherwise, the couples need to face 1200yuan fine.

As a result, according to a government official said, in 2000, the population in Yicheng was 310,000 is a little higher than the government prediction. A doctor pointed out that some people in the country still want to have one child. The famers prefer to have two children in order to share the farmwork or other work. However, in town such as Shanghai, government encourages couples who are both sole children to have two children, only a fewer number of people prefer to have two children.

After the experiment, author stressed that the notional imbalance birth rate between male and female is 118 male to 100 female, the ratio in Yicheng is 106 male to 100 female. The ratio in Yicheng is lower than the notional average. Some people conducted that the population explosion wouldn’t happen even the family is allowed to have second child. The cost of raising children is expensive. The youths in China are willing to have one child than two.

To sum up, the one child policy in China is not necessary to keep implementing. The public have already accepted one child in family. For the second child, the couples have to spend more money and energy to raise.

Personal Opinion

The first advantage of population control is that it would reduce the population growth rate. One child policy can help government control the birth rate avoiding rapid growth in population. China already has a large population base. Even though the Chinese government implements population control, the growth rate still remains in the high level. However, compare with the situation which the Chinese government without implementing population control, the growth rate is lower.

The second advantage of population control is that less population will decrease the usage of resource and environmental damage. The resources on the earth are limited. The larger population means more people use the limited sources and more people pollute the environment. Therefore, population control benefits saving resource and protecting the environment.

However, population control also has disadvantages. It would lead to an aged trend of population. For instance, in China, many cities have the tendency to become an aging population city. The government is concerned about it. The reason is that the aging population will create the decrease of labor force, then harm to economics.

The population control in China will effect the world’s population growth. According to a research, the Chinese population occupies one fifth of the world’s population. Therefore, if the Chinese population decreases, to a certain extent, the world’s population will decrease. However, China is not the only populous country; many developing countries have the same problem. If only China control population other countries not, it would not affect the world’s population very much.

Right of people is precious. However, the right must relate to the situation of their country. The countries in the world face the different population problem. For example, China’s population is very large therefore the governments implement the one child policy in order to control the population. Australia’s population is small compared with China, so the Australian government encourages citizen to have more children.

The state policy must be suitable for the notional situation. People should consider both their own situation and the national situation. Every body has the responsibility to obey the law and policy. For instance, the one child policy is appropriate for China. The population in China is really big. This policy can control the population, and is also good for the people. As the population becomes smaller, people can use more resource.

For my own family experience, I am an only child in my family and have 8 cousins. My parents provide anything which I want and give all the attention on me. In some case, the child comes from one-child- family is selfish, standoffish. He/She doesn’t care of other people’s feeling. He/she just considers their own situation and force on him. Additionally, he/she does not help their parents to do the housework at home.

Sometimes I can’t find someone to play with. In some situation, the child without siblings may feel alone. Their parents are busy with their job. They have not spare time to take care of their child. This may be leading the child become more introverted. They are afraid of communicating with strangers and less confident. Therefore they don’t have many close friends.

The cost for one child is cheaper than the family has two children. Currently, the cost for kid in China is very experience especial in town. The one child family can reduce the cost of raising a child. Therefore, the one child policy is unnecessary to continue implementing in the future.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

(?)
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related AS and A Level Geography Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    flats, shopping centres etc Zones: :| Shops and offices - Located near the centre, built first, as they need to be accessible to as many people as possible. There is high competition, space is limited, and land is expensive :| 19th Century Industry - Needs to be accessible for workers,

  2. An Overview of Immigration to Australia

    The permanent arrivals settlers in 2000 are 97,180, increased to 100,890 in 2001 and decreased to 89,350 in 2002. (year ended 31 December). 2.3.2 Permanent (settler) arrivals by country of birth Appendix 9 is permanent (settler) arrivals by country of birth.

  1. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    In most cases we counted them as separate services, but in more obscure cases we counted them as one service. Another problem we faced was missing out hidden post boxes! Although even if we did miss one or two it would have little impact on our overall results.

  2. Theories of population.

    For instance, according to the figure 1 (Crook. N 1997), we can see that the food production has been much more than population in China. According to the studies conducted by Simon in 1977, it shows that the under5 mortality rate is still very high as well as infant mortality rate in LDCs, especially in some of poor countries such as sub-Saharan countries.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    In 1553, the superior Jesuit priest of Brazil, Manuel da N�brega, planned to reach the banks of the river Paran� to convert the brave tribe of the Carij�s. To do so, he needed a base in the upland region of the capitania, (the first administrave areas in Brazil), so Sao

  2. Evaluating China's One Child Policy

    Furthermore, women would have been given forced steralisations or contraceptive pills and their chances of being able to have children ever again would be removed if they were found guilty of trying to have a second child and this would impose that they would never be able to have a child even if they decide to migrate to another country.

  1. Analysis of Chinas One Child Policy

    jobs to go around, this would mean that people will be dwindling in the unemployment zone without any money to live on. 2. Major Urban areas would become severely overcrowded, a big city area such as Beijing would have too many people concentrated in that area, especially since urbanisation in

  2. China's One Child Policy - Success or Failure?

    to rise to over 15% in a decade, 20% by 2025 and 35% in 2050 if the fertility rates remain consistent. But how prepared is China to cope with such a rapidly ageing population? Before the decline of fertility, the elderly relied nearly exclusively on their children for support, however

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work