• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18

Rio de Janeiro's Shanty Towns.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A MAP OF BRAZIL SHOWING THE AREAS IN THE STORY! Rio de Janeiro Shanty Towns Home life for people in the Favelas is very difficult. Most families have no water, electric light or toilets. They live and do their cooking in just one room, although most people who live in Favelas do have a television. To help people in Favelas a low-cost housing project of simple apartment blocks has been started to help families who live in Favelas. The blocks are built with stairs and no lofts to avoid expensive maintenance costs. Skyscrapers During the 20th century, Rio's old houses were torn down as large highways were built across the city. Once quiet streets became broad avenues choked with traffic. Towering office buildings soared, only to be torn down to make room for buildings that soared even higher! This is a picture of Skyscrapers in Rio De Janeiro on the coast! The Amazon Region Rainforest Seen from an aircraft, the rainforest is so dense with vegetation that the ground cannot be seen. The light falling on the rainforest canopy encourages the tops of the trees to grow thick and leafy. Mosses, orchids, climbing plants, vines and bromeliads all steal the light from the levels of forest beneath. The canopy almost forms a separate world where certain birds, monkeys and insects can live away from the rest of the forest. ...read more.

Middle

If too large an area were to be cut down and burnt, the soil would like open to heavy rainfall. Nutrients would be washed out of the soil and the soil itself would be at risk of being eroded or swept away. The Kayapo tribe of central Brazil limit this damage by planting varieties of sweet potato that are resistant to fire. By planting them before the burning takes place the potatoes are able to take up nutrients that would otherwise be washed away. The Kayapo also allow weeds to grow in order to hold on to nutrients and protect otherwise bare soil. They know which areas of the new plot are most suited to different plants, so vegetation quickly grows and protects the soil. The tribe spread natural fertilisers on to the cleared land. They use ash from the burnt trees and the nests of termites and biting ants, which are high in nutrients in order to control leaf cutter ants that would destroy their crops, the Kayapo plant a variety of banana tree as hedging. This is the home of a particular kind of wasp that drives ants away. The principal crop grown throughout Amazonia is manioc, which is used to make cassava bread - the staple diet of many tribes. In its natural state, manioc is poisonous, but by a process of soaking in water, grating and squeezing, it can be made edible. ...read more.

Conclusion

For clothing, some tribes use layers of fibre taken from under the bark of certain trees, but most Indians weave the soft fluffy fibres of wild or cultivated cotton on handmade looms. For decoration, the Indians select natural dyes from the forest, such as the red dye from the annatto plant and the blue dye from the genipa plant, and paint their bodies and clothes with them. Necklaces and bracelets are made from seeds, and head-dresses from bird feathers. The Healing Forest Over the centuries, the Indians have discovered that many of the rainforest plants make good medicines. Some can be used as painkillers, or to heal wounds and cure fevers, or for helping to reduce or increase people's ability to have children. Quinine, a substance that is found in the bark of cinchona tree, is used to treat the deadly disease malaria. Western scientists how to make quinine artificially and now it is manufactured on a large scale in factories. Another of the rainforest resources, curare, which tribes use to poison their arrowheads for hunting, can be used to relax the muscles of patients in surgical operations. Now that the importance of the rainforest as a source of new medicines is recognised in the industrialised countries, scientists have become concerned that the destruction of the rainforest will mean that many medicinal plants will become extinct. If the traditional lifestyles of the Indians disappear, their valuable knowledge of the rainforest will die too. Mining Development in Carajas This is a picture to do with the mining development in Carajas and the iron mining project. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Deforestation in Amazonia

    landless farmers will not have the land suitable for growing crops therefore their standard of living will remain poor, adding to the poverty of the developing country. Subsequently, Brazil is left with the destruction of deforestation and useless soil that cannot be recovered in addition to the problem of damaged scenery, all of which does not protect the Amazon rainforest.

  2. I am going to describe the increasing problem of the destruction of the Amazonian ...

    These people were nicknamed as "the shifting cultivators." Although this did contribute to destroying the rainforest they were not major destroyers. An additional Contribution to the destruction of the rainforest is the trading of forest land to large companies who in exchange give money to the Brazilians.

  1. Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.

    This source also talks about slavery which existed in the rainforest, which was abolished in 1888. People went to complain to the police about this but the police were corrupt and bribed and were useless. Government Actions The government is facing great problems now like the debts its facing which is getting higher everyday because of its interests.

  2. Management of woodland area.

    provide a lot of rubbish bins because this makes it easy for the visitors to throw the litter in the bin and not on the ground. Also notices should be put in the forest that reminds the visitors of the bins.

  1. Tropical Rainforest - Case Study

    What are the positive benefits of such exploitation? Logging - provides job opportunities for local peoples, which gives essential incomes for families to buy supplies. The trees are used to make furniture or paper etc. and some for the trees are in higher demand so the producers can get more profit for the tree.

  2. Should the Brazilian government allow continuation of further development in the Amazon rainforest?

    The clouds eventually cool and condense and fall as rain. The cycle is then repeated. Another natural cycle, which takes place in the rainforest ecosystem, is the nutrient cycle. This cycle is important as it provides nutrients for the rainforest.

  1. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    some of the older residents would like to see a community centre built and there was a call to make sure there were facilities for disabled people available. The call for compensation is relatively unreasonable, as the developers could not afford such a suggestion.

  2. Thailand Highways Management Project

    The consultant assists DOH on advising and controls all technical aspects of the project from commencement to completion as well as supervise the contractors' performance of the contracts and to decide what payment shall be certified. Subsequently, the DOH engineer reviews the performance report conducted by the consultant and evaluate

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work