• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

River Tees Drainage Baisin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

River Tees Drainage Baisin The river Tees flows from the Pennines in Cumbria, northwest England, to the North Sea via Tees Bay. Its length is 130 km / 80 miles. Its port, Teesport, handles in excess of 42 million tonnes of water per year. Its main tributaries are the Lune, Balder, and Greta. There are many factors affecting the drainage baiins of the River Tees, many of these are human factors. Water Barrage and Watersports: Much of the water nearing the sea is polluted with industrial waste, sewage, and chemicals. The Tees Barrage, which opened in 1995, enables a 16 km / 10 mile stretch of the river to provide clean, non-tidal water. The barrage was built to improve the river's watersports facilities by stabilising a stretch of the river which was previously tidal. Four flood gates are operated by hydraulic pistons making sure the river upstream stays at a constant level. ...read more.

Middle

There are several reservoirs in the river basin used to store water to be used for later use. The reservoirs also helps in flood control. Water levels can rise very quickly following a rain storm. Storing water in the reservoir reduces flooding in the lower course. Farming and Irigation Water: A major land uses in the upper Tees is rough grazing for sheep. The land is too steep to use machinery, the growing season too short and the soils too thin and acidic For growing crops and so not much water is needed for irigation in comparison to the River Severn. Only where the land is less steep is the pasture improved by fertilizers, the occasional crop is grown, requiring some irigation water from the Tees. Hydro Electric power: There are no power plants along the Tees. There are also many natural factors affecting the hydrology of the River Tees drainage basin, these include: Geology: There is a succession of falls, ...read more.

Conclusion

The roots of trees also bring water up into the tree removing from the ground store, and this water then evaporates from the leaves, a process called transpiration. The canopy also provides shade keeping the ground cool, reducing evaporation. The trees and the roots are also a physical barrier slowing the movement of water. This all changes the amount of water entering the river and the speed at which it enters. Relief: The head of the valley, of which the upper portion is known as Teesdale, has many hills, exceeding 2500 feet in height at some points, consisting of bleak moorland. Water will flow off of these hills into the river increasing the volume of water entering the river. This area has little vegetation further increasing the speed that the water enters the river. There are many areas of steep decents and so the are area with waterfall and rapids in the rivers. This means the water is travelling through the river at high speed and so has little time to infiltrate in surface into the ground store. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology essays

  1. Geography Coursework: Epping Forest

    material that it had eroded, so the bottom of the river channel could not be seen. Methodology The primary data that was obtained was collected at Loughton Brook river. This particular river was chosen because it is has the features and processes of a river for us to study.

  2. Geograpgy glendun river

    This makes floodplains a good place for agriculture. A build up of alluvium on the banks of a river can create levees which raise the river bank. There are features such as meanders, ox bow lakes and deltas. Some rivers reach the sea in deltas of which there are three types arcuate, cuspate and bird's foot, which form

  1. Investigating the river Caerfanell

    This is a common mistake that leads to the wrong degree angle being taken and therefore wrong results. This data can be used to evaluate the effect of gradient of velocity. WETTED PERIMETER OF RIVER BED * Tape measure * Metal pin - Mark half way - 5m, on the

  2. Does the river Alyn follow Bradshaw's model?

    Methodology - Sampling Sampling is where you select and test part of an area as opposed to sampling the whole thing. Sampling is carried out to test ideas and see if theories are correct or to find out information for the first time so that theories can me made.

  1. Do the Characteristics of a river change downstream?

    This span was measured with a metre stick with centimetre and millimetre markings on it. The depth was measured at one metre intervals across the river channel with two, metre sticks as it was deeper than one metre in some areas.

  2. Should drainage basins be managed or natural? Discuss with use of examples from both ...

    Management of drainage basins is a good thing as it enables more people to be supported by one. Dam constructors and power companies benefit from drainage basin management, there are now 10 major dams along the course of The Colorado and its tributaries.

  1. Investigation of the distribution and abundance off reshwater invertebrates in the Tillingbourne River at ...

    flow meter * Measuring the Temperature of the river at both the middle and edge in (C using a thermometer * Measuring the Dissolved Oxygen (O() levels in parts per million (ppm) with an Oxygen Metre Two people performed the kick sampling both times, at the middle and edge of the river.

  2. The river Tees

    The dale becomes bolder below Cauldron Snout, and trees appear, contrasting with the broken rocks where the water dashes over High Force. These materials are materials that are weathered or eroded from the side of the valley. The evidence that the River Tees has a upper course is that there

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work