• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

River Tees Drainage Baisin

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

River Tees Drainage Baisin The river Tees flows from the Pennines in Cumbria, northwest England, to the North Sea via Tees Bay. Its length is 130 km / 80 miles. Its port, Teesport, handles in excess of 42 million tonnes of water per year. Its main tributaries are the Lune, Balder, and Greta. There are many factors affecting the drainage baiins of the River Tees, many of these are human factors. Water Barrage and Watersports: Much of the water nearing the sea is polluted with industrial waste, sewage, and chemicals. The Tees Barrage, which opened in 1995, enables a 16 km / 10 mile stretch of the river to provide clean, non-tidal water. The barrage was built to improve the river's watersports facilities by stabilising a stretch of the river which was previously tidal. Four flood gates are operated by hydraulic pistons making sure the river upstream stays at a constant level. ...read more.

Middle

There are several reservoirs in the river basin used to store water to be used for later use. The reservoirs also helps in flood control. Water levels can rise very quickly following a rain storm. Storing water in the reservoir reduces flooding in the lower course. Farming and Irigation Water: A major land uses in the upper Tees is rough grazing for sheep. The land is too steep to use machinery, the growing season too short and the soils too thin and acidic For growing crops and so not much water is needed for irigation in comparison to the River Severn. Only where the land is less steep is the pasture improved by fertilizers, the occasional crop is grown, requiring some irigation water from the Tees. Hydro Electric power: There are no power plants along the Tees. There are also many natural factors affecting the hydrology of the River Tees drainage basin, these include: Geology: There is a succession of falls, ...read more.

Conclusion

The roots of trees also bring water up into the tree removing from the ground store, and this water then evaporates from the leaves, a process called transpiration. The canopy also provides shade keeping the ground cool, reducing evaporation. The trees and the roots are also a physical barrier slowing the movement of water. This all changes the amount of water entering the river and the speed at which it enters. Relief: The head of the valley, of which the upper portion is known as Teesdale, has many hills, exceeding 2500 feet in height at some points, consisting of bleak moorland. Water will flow off of these hills into the river increasing the volume of water entering the river. This area has little vegetation further increasing the speed that the water enters the river. There are many areas of steep decents and so the are area with waterfall and rapids in the rivers. This means the water is travelling through the river at high speed and so has little time to infiltrate in surface into the ground store. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology essays

  1. Geography Coursework: Epping Forest

    The river is situated in Epping Forest, which is not only local to the school, but has a good field centre where extra secondary information can be collected. Also Loughton Brook flows into the river Roding which is a tributary of the river Thames.

  2. Geography investigation - The River Skirfare located in the Littondale region in the Yorkshire ...

    At 600m across the river at Arncliffe a result was taken that was particularly in accordance with the others. It can be seen on the graph, 'Size and Distribution of Material in the River Skirfare at Arncliffe' on page 13.

  1. Investigating the river Caerfanell

    which increases the discharge of the water due to the joining tributaries and this therefore leads to an increase of water energy of which lateral erosion widens the river. The explanations of the shapes are as follows: Site 1 shows a highly undulated shape with signs of huge boulders forming the shape of the bed.

  2. 'To what extent does the River Lyn conform to the Bradshaw model of River ...

    I found out from doing a Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient statistical test, that there was no relationship between the distance downstream and the velocity. The test was not very effective because I needed more readings.

  1. Geograpgy glendun river

    This makes floodplains a good place for agriculture. A build up of alluvium on the banks of a river can create levees which raise the river bank. There are features such as meanders, ox bow lakes and deltas. Some rivers reach the sea in deltas of which there are three types arcuate, cuspate and bird's foot, which form

  2. Do the Characteristics of a river change downstream?

    Centimetres and metres can also be scaled down into millimetres which provide an even more accurate solution. Adversities There were a few problems we faced while carrying out the investigation of measuring the width and depth. Due to the large rounded bedload on the riverbed, it was sometimes quite difficult

  1. The river Tees

    are many v-shaped valleys these are formed when the vertical erosion creates a steep narrow gorge, the sides of the gorge are attacked by weathering and broken down.

  2. Does the river Alyn follow Bradshaw's model?

    Another factor that causes discharge to increase downstream is an increase in surface run-off. In the lower part of the profile there are normally more buildings and less vegetation than in the upper part. This means there is less interception from trees and more impermeable surfaces the further you go downstream.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work