• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Settlement Processes & Patterns - The Burgess Model (1924).

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Geography - Settlement Processes & Patterns - Urban Models 29/03/03 Page One The Burgess Model (1924) Burgess was collecting data about the social conditions in Chicago, USA and whilst doing this was able to identify and summarise the structure of the city. Chicago was suitable for this model because the rapid growth of its industries was attracting migrants from within the USA and from the rest of the world. The model is "circular" based, with the Central Business District (CBD) in the middle. Surrounding the CBD is the inner city and residential areas. On the outside of the model, the Urban-Rural fringe can be found. 1 - The CBD 2 - Inner City 3 - Inner Residential suburbs or low income residential 4 - Outer residential suburbs or high income residential 5 - Urban-rural fringe The strengths of The Burgess Model... * The Burgess Model is very simplified and as a result it is easy to understand. * It is capable of being refined and adapted to various scenarious/cities. The main weaknesses of The Burgess Model... * Assumptions are made which may not reflect how it is in reality, such as uniform physical and/or human conditions over wide areas. * Characteristics that are identified can change significantly with time. ...read more.

Middle

* The model cannot be applied to a map, unlike The Robson Model (see next page). Geography - Settlement Processes & Patterns - Urban Models 29/03/03 Page Four The Robson Model (1963) Robson tried to apply the US models to the layout and land uses found in the UK city of Sunderland. Basic land features such as rivers and coastal areas are allowed for in The Robson Model. Something to note in the following diagram is the large quantities of low and medium classed housing. Also observe the industrial areas are situated along the river bank. What are the strengths of the model... * The model can be "overlaid" onto a map to give the viewer a better overview of how the city is laid out and the reasons for it being this way. * Geographical features such as rivers and coastal regions can be included in the diagram. What are the main weaknesses of the model... * The model begins to become more complex. It is not a good model for those who want a quick overview of what a city is like. Geography - Settlement Processes & Patterns - Urban Models 29/03/03 Page Five SAO PAULO CASE STUDY 1) ...read more.

Conclusion

An inadequate road system is mainly a economic problem as it will cost the city money to maintain these "badly placed" roads, even if they are not being used. 2) What are the benefits to Brazil of having this large urban settlement? The benefits to Brazil of having a large urban settlement such as Sao Paulo are that the city attracts foreign investors to the country. Businesses may wish to set up in Sao Paulo and begin trading there, this in turn brings money into the country and helps boost Brazil's economy. Sao Paulo is most likely a "primate city", which means it is twice as large (in population) than the second largest city in Brazil. Not only do primate cities dominate a country in size, they also dominate in the level of commerce, industry, services and wealth they obtain. Governments of countries which have a primate city often plough money into these cities in order to try to regenerate any run-down areas, and to continue to attract the foreign investors so that the city continues to grow and make money for the country. A city of Sao Paulo's size (25m people) can create a lot of wealth for a country. Sao Paulo is the 5th largest city in the world, so businesses are likely to "set-up shop" in a city where there are lots of people (as people equal customers). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. An Overview of Immigration to Australia

    However, the skill component of the migration program causes highly positive results: young, high-skilled, and English-speaking. Otherwise, it would limit wages and cause a more unemployment of the low-skilled. So, to what degree to loosen entry criteria would be a problem.

  2. Many criticisms of the Hoyt Sector Model are similar to those of the Burgess ...

    Hoyt Sector Model; * The Hoyt Sector Model was based upon the mapping of eight, contrasting housing variables and developed on from Burgess's use of simple concentric rings, to include wedges and sectors of land use. The following assumptions were made in addition to Burgess's own; o Wealthy residents could

  1. Whether the Burgess land use model is still relevant in the modern day, despite ...

    The CBD was built first in the beginning of the development of Blaydon. This means that houses will be built after the early developments. This process will continue until there is no land to build on. This theory means that houses will be younger as you progress further form the CBD.

  2. Does quality of life increase as one moves away from CBD of Swansea?

    Other boundary areas does not reflect the hypothesis. For example, Loughor Lower, Penyrheol and Clydach have an average percentage of 36.5%, 28.3% and 32.01% respectively. This indicator therefore does not support the hypothesis that quality of life increases as one moves away from the CBD of Swansea.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    Other ways are: % jobs per sector, amount and value of trade, number of births per 1000, number of deaths per 1000, Infant Mortality rate, number of people per doctor, or literacy rate. Physical Quality of Life Index is another measure, which was compiled in the 1980s and looks at literacy rates, life expectancy and infant mortality.

  2. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    There is a reason why there are these two anomalies, the high rise flats which are on Tantarra Street, are because, there used to be slums in the inner city, which were needed to house workers who worked in the factories, the factories built these, an they were small an

  1. Is There a Heirarchy of Settlement In the Vale of Ffestiniog?

    The original data collection sheets can be seen at the rear of this folder. With information on the services available in each settlement, a hierarchy value was then created for each one, by recording the services in each settlement into the matrix.

  2. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    Once displayed the graphs in their separate case, I decided to make a direct comparison of the results by making a bar graph. These results can help me to decide which of these roads are the most used and what type of people would go there.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work