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Settlement Processes & Patterns - The Burgess Model (1924).
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The first 200 words of this essay...
Geography - Settlement Processes & Patterns - Urban Models 29/03/03
The Burgess Model (1924)
Burgess was collecting data about the social conditions in Chicago, USA and whilst doing this was able to identify and summarise the structure of the city. Chicago was suitable for this model because the rapid growth of its industries was attracting migrants from within the USA and from the rest of the world. The model is "circular" based, with the Central Business District (CBD) in the middle. Surrounding the CBD is the inner city and residential areas. On the outside of the model, the Urban-Rural fringe can be found.
1 - The CBD
2 - Inner City
3 - Inner Residential suburbs or
low income residential
4 - Outer residential suburbs
or high income residential
5 - Urban-rural fringe
The strengths of The Burgess Model...
* The Burgess Model is very simplified and as a result it is easy to understand.
* It is capable of being refined and adapted to various scenarious/cities.
The main weaknesses of The Burgess Model...
* Assumptions are made
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