• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Soil is a product of its natural environment and the ways in which humans use it" Discuss

Extracts from this document...


"Soil is a product of its natural environment and the ways in which humans use it" Discuss In this essay, I will be looking at soil and will be discussing the different factors which influence the soil, the different types of soil found as a result in the UK and the ways in which humans can affect the soil. Soil is a thin surface layer of the earths crust and provides the foundation for plant and animal life on land. Soil is a large, dynamic ecosystem and is made up of many different components such as; water, mineral matter, air and organic matter. The residual layer of weathered material that has accumulated over a long period of time is known as regolith. There are many different factors that can affect and influence the soil, these include; the parent material, the climate, topography, organisms and time. The parent material is the underlying rock which is eroded at different rates and supplies the minerals to the soil, and this can make a large impact on the soil. The minerals that are provided by the parent material erode at different rates and use different processes of weathering. ...read more.


This increased acidity results in mor humus, and this creates a thick peaty layer on the soils surface. Litter takes a long time to decompose due to the temperature and the acidity, this results in fewer organisms. Plants that are common with podzol formations are coniferous plantations and moor land, podzols are generally not good for farming due to their high acidity, but are suitable to be used for the grazing of animals. The surface layers of podzols are very peaty because of poor organic decomposition under cold, wet and acid conditions. Brown Soil is the most common type of soil which can be found in the UK due to it covers 40% of the UK, and is an excellent soil for agriculture. Brown Soil is common in a temperature range of -5�C� to 30�C and has a rainfall over 300mm and the evaporation is over 300mm. Brown soil is found in mid latitudes and a humid temperature. It is very common in deciduous woodland, due to their leaves falling I winter; these leaves decompose quickly and add to the nutrients in the soil. ...read more.


As a result, there is less oxygen and less nutrients found in the soil, this also restricts the range of vegetation that can be found on footpaths. Urbanisation is the last factor I will be looking at that affects soil in the UK. This results in very little vegetation as all the soil and land are covered with cement which is then used for building on. Due to the little vegetation, it can result in no humus and a very limited supply of nutrients to the soil. In this essay I have looked at the five main factors that can affect soil; climate, parent material , Organisms, Topography and Time. I have looked at each factor individually and looked at how it can affect the type of soil. I have also looked into the three main types of soil found in the UK; Brown soil, Gley soil and Podzol. I have looked into each individual soil and seen what locations they are found in and what sort of environments they thrive in. I have also looked into the differences between these three types of soil. Finally, I looked into the main human factors that can affect soil; Farming, Urbanisation and Trampling and footpaths. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Rocks & Weathering section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Rocks & Weathering essays

  1. Porosity and permeability.

    This ooze was then covered by further layers of shale and other depositants over millions of years which meant that ooze came under a high pressure and also due to the earths internal temperature a high temperature, this mix of high temperature and pressure leads to the decaying organisms being

  2. I am trying to find out how footpath erosion on Pen Y Fan which ...

    I collected secondary data mainly from the Internet like maps and information. I also used books. I collected the information so that I could do the coursework and have accurate results. I measured the footpaths depth and width using a ruler and tape measure by holding the tape measure tort

  1. Free essay

    Outline the major landforms associated with Periglacial landscapes and discuss their formation.

    However, during the melt season a large amount of water is released from the ice creating floods. These floods turn what were in the winter season fields of ice, to river channels. These braided channels carry a high amount of sediment eroding the banks of the river widening its course.

  2. The Factors that form soil

    This is because climate affects the rate of weathering to the parent rock. With break down of bedrock being faster within hot humid environments. Climate also affects the amount of humus in the soil this is because of the effects of temperature and moisture on the biological activity.

  1. Determining the paleoenviroment and tectonic history of a small area (Cocklawburn Beach)

    Bed 10: This is the end of the second cyclotherms, as this is a coal layer, once again it is too thin to be accurately measured. This will also have been formed in a shallow stagnant swamp. Bed 11: This bed has a thickness of 1 metre.

  2. 'I think that sedimentary stones will be more affected by weathering than igneous stones.' ...

    - There is also the question of shelter, because in the graveyard some stones are protected from weathering by ivy, trees, or even the church itself. This shelter can both help and hinder weathering. Rock Identification Table: Does the rock contain many different size and color minerals?

  1. Find out why there is no Carboniferous Limestone visible around the Somerset area.

    There may also be some calcium carbonate in the mudstone and the content can be found by an experiment (see later on). * Looking for evidence of the dip of the limestone visible to see if there is an anticline.

  2. Experiment to determine soil texture by touch and physical analysis

    The gritty feel reinforced the existence of sand. While the stickiness of the sand referred to the amount of clay, and the sliminess related to the amount of silt in the soil. Mass of the can and lid = 59.02 grams Mass of the can, lid, and soil = 139.45 grams Mass of soil = 139.45 ? 59.02

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work