• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Solving the problems of congestion - Building new roads.

Extracts from this document...


Solving the problems of congestion Building new roads Building new roads or improving roads can be the best long term solution to solving traffic congestion. Bypass schemes and motorways take traffic away from urban areas, reducing pollution. Better roads also lead to shorter journey times, resulting in a massive saving for the economy as transport costs fall. However, building new roads could create problems. Shorter journey times will encourage businesses and people to make more journeys. People may switch from other forms of transport such as rail, or increase the number or length of journeys made. Therefore making more congestion on the roads. Toll Motorways Privatising the roads can be achieved in a numerous of ways. One way would be to invite private construction companies to bid for contacts to build motorways which they would pay for, and allow them to charge tolls to motorways users. ...read more.


The time saved by using buses will encourage individuals to go from using private transport to public transport. This will reduce the amount of vehicles on the road and the amount of congestion. However, this may not be successful if the bus service is not of good quality, and run regularly. If this isn't the case then individuals will not change from using the car to the bus. It is not a short term solution; it may take some time for people to swap to using buses rather than cars. Road pricing Another way to reduce congestion would be to charge people to use the roads. This could be done by cars being fitted with a meter. This could be fed with pre-paid cards, such as telephone cards or with points which would be used up as the car went along. ...read more.


However, there are problems with this, the technology would be expensive to introduce and the system would have running costs. Also motorists regard the roads as 'free' and would resent having to pay for them, and so there would be political backlashes. Reducing the speed of traffic By reducing the traffic speed this will increase the level of congestion. So this may encourage car drivers to seek alternative means of transport. In the long run this should encourage individuals to switch to a non-car mode of transport, reducing car use and congestion. However, the problems of this policy are the change and the amount of time it may take for the policy to have effect. The policy will cause more problems in the short run and may therefore be ineffective in the long run. The policy may be ineffective because of the problems of finding a readily available alternative to private car use. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Examples of Problems of ELDCs and how they are attempted to be solved

    Like most megacities, Jakarta's urban fringe is growing much more rapidly that the city itself-- in some areas at nearly 18 percent per year. The expansion that Jakarta undergoes is much more diverse than the suburbanization that occurs with the US.

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    takes over many of the jobs, secondary jobs initially increase because the people who previously worked in primary transfer to secondary. However, as these goods begin to be imported than they are not needed. More people live in cities so tertiary industries increase and the government has more money to spend on healthcare and education.

  1. The Inner-city-Problems and solving them

    There are many problems which the areas face, both physically and even in some cases mentally: 1. The physical fabric of the buildings, many originally built using cheap materials and methods, is deteriorating rapidly. However the councils are trying to upgrade these poor housing conditions gradually.

  2. Road Traffic Accidents

    New road surfaces may provide poorer skid resistance then older road surfaces. Poorly placed and poorly designed road signs or barriers can cause unnecessary injury when vehicles collide with them or they can obstruct the driver's line of sight. Insufficient road drainage can lead to floods, particularly in countryside roads.

  1. Assessing noise pollution mainly from public transport and other motorists.

    The National Noise Incidence Study has found that 54?3% of the population of the UK live in dwelling exposed to daytime noise levels above the World Health Organisation (WHO) level of 55 dB. Similarly it has found that 67?3% of the population live in dwellings exposed to night time noise levels above the WHO of 45 dB.

  2. Road congestion.

    allocative efficiency in certain circumstances and we see a severe re-allocation of resources. There are various reasons why allocative efficiency may not be achieved, one of these is externalities. An externality is said to exist when the production or consumption of a good directly affects businesses or consumers not involved

  1. Traffic Congestion as Market Failure.

    The marginal cost to the individual could be the opportunity cost of the time spent in congestion. If the more space efficient bus made the journey, the traveller would be able to read the newspaper, play on a hand held computer or even do some work, this is not possible if the car is chosen to make the journey.

  2. Examine critically the GLA proposal to introduce congestion charging.

    Disabled badge holder will receive a 100% discount but they will have to register and pay the �10 fee. Others receiving a 100% discount are certain NHS vehicles and firefighters' operational vehicles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work