• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Study Figure 4, which shows age/sex pyramids for four countries - Describe and suggest reasons for the variations shown in population structure, and with reference to named examples, discuss the geographical issues arising from challenging population stru

Extracts from this document...


Study Figure 4, which shows age/sex pyramids for four countries. a) Describe and suggest reasons for the variations shown in population structure. (12 Marks) Observing 'Country A' with a population of 31.0 million, it is evident the country concerned has a high birth rate. The wide base suggests a high birth rate, approximately 20% of population is in the 0-4 age range. The pyramid suggests it's an LEDC country at Stage 2 in its youthful progression, for example, India, Iran, and Iraq. It also appears there is high infant mortality and maybe caused due to the lack of education, and maybe even due to its culture, for example, India, infanticide is commonplace of baby girls where they are seen to be not as of value than baby boys. It is also apparent there is few old people, suggesting low life expectancy obviously due to poor healthcare, diet, lack of services available to the elderly etc. 'Country B' appears to have a low population of 3.06 million, which suggests to be a small country or the population is spatial. ...read more.


A reasonably developed country in the Stage 3 f the DMT, for example, countries like Brazil, Korea would all have these similarities. 'Country D' has a very large population of 124.5 million, so it is clear this country is overpopulating, e.g. China. It is clear there is a very low birth rate and is decreasing, e.g. 4% of the population is between the age range of 0-4. This maybe due to campaigns like the 'One Child Policy' that is occurring in China, or the empowerment of women has increased in the country, so women are less concerned with having children and more concentrated on having careers. The pyramid is at Stage 4 of the DMT, with a regressive/aging population, e.g. China, Britain, France, USA will all again have similarities. b) With reference to named examples, discuss the geographical issues arising from challenging population structure. (13 Marks) Firstly a population structure is the make-up of the population of an area, in particular the age structure and gender structure. ...read more.


The consequence is that there is an increase in the elderly population although not enough young people, so the replacement level of China decreases. There is also a problem that the people see male babies as of more value than female babies, with Chinese fathers can carry their name forward in the future. so sex selective abortion and abandoned rates increase, which all affects the sex ratio of the country, with more males than females in the population. This will have a dramatic affect on reproduction later down the line. In the UK there has also been an increase in immigrants and also in Germany there government tried to increase there population structure by inviting Turkish guest workers in the 950's 1960's. However this had serious consequences. Young males were entering both countries, with the immigration of asylum seekers and refugees from Afghanistan mainly entering Britain. This caused a pressure on both governments to provide housing, benefits and occupations to place less pressure on their everyday life. The consequences of allowing immigration is it develops social and political unrest, along with overcrowding and an increase in crime rates are likely to occur. Homework Tim Buxton ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    The EU has imposed a quota on the amount of milk the milk marketing board can produce. They have also imposed quality controls, so farmers can't sell all their milk, so many have had to sell their herds. Foot and mouth has destroyed many herds.

  2. An Overview of Immigration to Australia

    opportunity to strengthen community ethos and to help them build a lifestyle from their skills and talents. 2.5.2 'Migration' (pp8-14) from Year Book Australia 1999 published by Australian Bureau of Statistics Permanent (settlers) arrivals to Australia-five Years Ended 30 June The numbers are: 449,831 in 1982, 445,463 in 1987, 639,088 in 1992, and 418,417 in 1997.

  1. Population Pyramids.

    Population structures: Hong Kong 2000 2000 2025 Births per 1,000 population.................... 11 8 Deaths per 1,000 population.................... 6 9 Rate of natural increase (percent)............. 0.5 0.0 Annual rate of growth (percent)................ 1.3 0.0 Life expectancy at birth (years)............... 79.5 82.2 Infant deaths per 1,000 live births............

  2. Case study - Quality of life variations in

    70.8% 53.9% 33.9% 27.5 % Housing tenure (owner occupied) 75.8 % 62.0 % 18.2 % 17.4 % Overcrowding 1.4 % 3.0 % 5.3 % 6.9 % Using the data in the table, which was obtained using the resource sheets, I have ranked the wards in order of highest quality of life.

  1. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    Another thing that has to be said about this graph is that the results from 1 to 9 are above the theoretical results, whereas the results ranked 10 to 25 are below the theoretical results.The reasons for this are uncertain, but one answer that is definitely worth noting is the

  2. Case study on Bangladesh.

    The Ganges (Ganga), for example, is known as the Padma below the point where it is joined by the Jamuna River, the name given to the lowermost portion of the main channel of the Brahmaputra. The combined stream is then called the Meghan below its confluence with a much smaller tributary of the same name.

  1. Village Study : Kempsey

    questionned everyone of them travels out of the village to do their shopping, even though there are facilities in the village, for example "The Original Stores". "The Original Stores" Kempsey also has numerous other shops/services. There is in the middle of the village a Post Office, ideal for the elderly collecting their pension.

  2. The Canadian Birth Rate has said to have declined in the past 20 years. ...

    Conversely, the average age at first marriage for brides showed an increase from 22.6 in 1971, 23.3 in 1980 to 26.0 in 1990 (Statistics Canada, Canadian Center, Housing, Family, 1993: P.17). A similar increase occurred with the age of grooms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work