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The Cairngorms, a mountain wilderness

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Question 4 - The Cairngorms, a mountain wilderness The Cairngorms Mountains are a gigantic open space range of mountains. There are so many uses and attractions for visiting tourists. There is a purpose built town called Aviemore. It was built in 1966 and today has over 2000 inhabitants. Aviemore is on about the lowest land in the Cairngorms, alongside runs a river that has many tributaries and runs a course with many meanders and changes. There is lots of water in the Cairngorms, possibly left over from the glaciers that once occupied the mountains, thousands and thousands of years ago. There are 5 very noticeable lochs to be seen in this area of the Cairngorms, along with many other smaller lakes and lochs. The biggest loch is Loch Morlich, which is about 1 sq. kilometre. The loch goes down 10m deep, this is not the deepest, that title goes to Loch Emich which goes down a massive 40m. Loch Morlich is situated in a large woodland called Queen's forest; this is only half of the massive woodland near Aviemore the other half is called Rothiemurchus. The Cairngorms is famous for its mountains as it has many peaks over 1000m. The mountains have some of the steepest slopes in Britain. In some places the ground level raises over 500m in under a kilometre of land. ...read more.


The old glacier corrie is now very deep and this is due to plucking. This happens because large bits of rock are frozen and are carried away with the ice downhill, under the force of gravity. Where there were small v-shape valleys before the glaciers now lies v-shape-hanging valleys. They are hanging valleys because the glacier inside them was smaller that that which was in the main valley glacier. There is still a small patch of snow, which comes down, and another hanging valley beside it is an arete which lies between another v-shape valley, the snow in its zone of ablation turns in to a waterfall which leads in to the main valley. The main valley itself is now much wider and has very steep sides. The valley is flat floored because the glacier plucked any rocks out which stuck out, and there is now a rock basin lake. The ice has filled all of the smaller v-shape valleys. The ice has filled all of the smaller v-shape valleys. It has formed a valley glacier, and where there was formally headwater now lies a corrie glacier. These changes have happened because the headwater is the highest point on the mountain therefore being the coldest and having the most snowfall for longer periods of time. ...read more.


There were also a number of advantages and disadvantages raised at the meeting the tourist associations concluded that the funicular railway would be able to get visiting tourists and skiers to the summit within 3 minutes. This would even be possible in 120km/h winds. This would never be possible on the chairlift. The railway also carries twice as many people per hour as the chairlift. He also mentioned that the increase in visitors would mean even more jobs and more incomes for locals. The new railway would also bring a new caf´┐Ż with a centre to explain climate and wilderness features about the mountains. He went on to say that the tourists would be unable to set foot on the mountain from the centre so there would be no damage done to the sub-arctic conditions. The spokesman finished on the fact that 250 M of the track will be in a tunnel to minimise visual intrusion. After the spokeswomen for the conservation groups said that the national trust for Scotland and Scottish natural heritage both agreed that the funicular railway was visually intrusive. She went on to say that more people present on the mountain would mean even more damage to the fragile sub-arctic conditions and ecosystem. She mentioned the RSPB said they were concerned for rare birds in the area that will be disturbed, such as ptarmigan, golden eagles, and osprey. ...read more.

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