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The D-Day Landings

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Introduction

History Coursework The D-Day Landings 1) D-Day, the Allies' successful offensive to retake France from the Germans, occurred on June 6, 1944. D-day was needed because Hitler and the German army were pushing themselves further and further into France and d-day was needed to push the German army back into Germany. Airborne landings were needed because at first Britain and America had a problem with the tides, they didn't know the exact time of them and it was difficult to plan an attack in case the ships carrying their army and weapons were sunk. The original date had already been delayed because of bad conditions. Britain needed the airborne divisions as back up, this would also take the German's by surprise if they has both airborne divisions and the Navy attacking as Hitler had only left the least amount of troops available to defend Germany. He had taken the rest with him, if the airborne troops were used; the British and American troops would have more of a chance of landing safely on the beaches because of the Germans being attacked from all sides. Although the airborne troops proved helpful in the attack, inexperienced American pilots were flying them, they were problems and the pilots panicked and told their troops to jump on the wrong co-ordinates. This was something that the German's were also not expected. The aims of the British airborne divisions were to capture the gun batteries further inland, they were sent to safeguard the beaches that the British, American, and Canadian troops were soon to land on. ...read more.

Middle

of the beach, this was quite a big problem for the Americans as it was such a long beach but they did it well. Their mission was to capture the villages of Vierville, Saint-Laurent, and Colleville; then it was to push through and cut the Bayeux-Isigny road, and then it was to attack south toward Tr�vi�res and west toward the Pointe du Hoc. From the beginning everything went wrong at Omaha, The special D-D tanks that they were counting on suck. 2 out of 29 made it to the beach. Through all of this, the German's were using guns situated in the cliffs, and shooting up and down the beach, the troops made it to the feet of the cliffs, hiding behind obstacles situated up and down the beach. Exits were opened for them by the troops that had landed further inland and the American's gained control, leaving behind 2,400 casualties. A lot compared to that of Utah. Gold Beach (British Beach) - Gold Beach was the assignment of the Brittish 50th Northumbrian Division and the 8th Armoured Brigade, accompanied by the Royal Marine Commando unit, whose job was to swing west and take the near by town of Arromanches as a base for the Brittish mulberry harbour. The seaside towns of this beach could be seen from where the British landed, and the German gunmen were placed in these towns making it difficult for the British navy to attack. Something else against the British was the steep cliff and on top a post which carried a gun which also covered the whole of the beach. ...read more.

Conclusion

This included bulldozer tanks which could clear the beaches with impunity. There were a lot of machines used on D-Day, and maybe it wouldn't have been quite as successful if they weren't around. Technology and tactics played an important part, because without tactics, there wouldn't have been a plan, so no-one would have had a specific job. If the airborne division hadn't had a specific job then they would have landed anywhere. The pilots needed to no where they were going, they needed to have an aim so they could make sure they were hitting the Germans hard in the right places, to weaken their defence. The troops landing on the beaches needed a specific aim, they needed a job to do, something to work for then they might have a chance at winning the war. Tactics meant that all the troops were mostly spread out, a good idea to attack from all angles so they could stop the Germans shooting at them and pushing them back into Germany. Technology was very important to the allies for instance to find the bombs hidden in the beach using the machinery they had developed including a ''Bobbin'' tank, a ''Crab'' tank, or a ''Flying Dustbin'' tank. All having specific jobs to make way for the troops on the beaches to work their way up the beach, the Germans had guns and big weapons, this would make the job very easy to kill soldiers running up the beach. The Germans were stationary and had more of a chance from the start, but as the troops landing on the beaches weren't they needed technology to create machinery to help them. Charlotte Pooley 11L ...read more.

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