• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The D-Day Landings

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework The D-Day Landings 1) D-Day, the Allies' successful offensive to retake France from the Germans, occurred on June 6, 1944. D-day was needed because Hitler and the German army were pushing themselves further and further into France and d-day was needed to push the German army back into Germany. Airborne landings were needed because at first Britain and America had a problem with the tides, they didn't know the exact time of them and it was difficult to plan an attack in case the ships carrying their army and weapons were sunk. The original date had already been delayed because of bad conditions. Britain needed the airborne divisions as back up, this would also take the German's by surprise if they has both airborne divisions and the Navy attacking as Hitler had only left the least amount of troops available to defend Germany. He had taken the rest with him, if the airborne troops were used; the British and American troops would have more of a chance of landing safely on the beaches because of the Germans being attacked from all sides. Although the airborne troops proved helpful in the attack, inexperienced American pilots were flying them, they were problems and the pilots panicked and told their troops to jump on the wrong co-ordinates. This was something that the German's were also not expected. The aims of the British airborne divisions were to capture the gun batteries further inland, they were sent to safeguard the beaches that the British, American, and Canadian troops were soon to land on. ...read more.

Middle

of the beach, this was quite a big problem for the Americans as it was such a long beach but they did it well. Their mission was to capture the villages of Vierville, Saint-Laurent, and Colleville; then it was to push through and cut the Bayeux-Isigny road, and then it was to attack south toward Tr�vi�res and west toward the Pointe du Hoc. From the beginning everything went wrong at Omaha, The special D-D tanks that they were counting on suck. 2 out of 29 made it to the beach. Through all of this, the German's were using guns situated in the cliffs, and shooting up and down the beach, the troops made it to the feet of the cliffs, hiding behind obstacles situated up and down the beach. Exits were opened for them by the troops that had landed further inland and the American's gained control, leaving behind 2,400 casualties. A lot compared to that of Utah. Gold Beach (British Beach) - Gold Beach was the assignment of the Brittish 50th Northumbrian Division and the 8th Armoured Brigade, accompanied by the Royal Marine Commando unit, whose job was to swing west and take the near by town of Arromanches as a base for the Brittish mulberry harbour. The seaside towns of this beach could be seen from where the British landed, and the German gunmen were placed in these towns making it difficult for the British navy to attack. Something else against the British was the steep cliff and on top a post which carried a gun which also covered the whole of the beach. ...read more.

Conclusion

This included bulldozer tanks which could clear the beaches with impunity. There were a lot of machines used on D-Day, and maybe it wouldn't have been quite as successful if they weren't around. Technology and tactics played an important part, because without tactics, there wouldn't have been a plan, so no-one would have had a specific job. If the airborne division hadn't had a specific job then they would have landed anywhere. The pilots needed to no where they were going, they needed to have an aim so they could make sure they were hitting the Germans hard in the right places, to weaken their defence. The troops landing on the beaches needed a specific aim, they needed a job to do, something to work for then they might have a chance at winning the war. Tactics meant that all the troops were mostly spread out, a good idea to attack from all angles so they could stop the Germans shooting at them and pushing them back into Germany. Technology was very important to the allies for instance to find the bombs hidden in the beach using the machinery they had developed including a ''Bobbin'' tank, a ''Crab'' tank, or a ''Flying Dustbin'' tank. All having specific jobs to make way for the troops on the beaches to work their way up the beach, the Germans had guns and big weapons, this would make the job very easy to kill soldiers running up the beach. The Germans were stationary and had more of a chance from the start, but as the troops landing on the beaches weren't they needed technology to create machinery to help them. Charlotte Pooley 11L ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Coastal Landforms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Coastal Landforms essays

  1. "An investigation into the methods of coastal management along Brighton's Coastline and the reasons ...

    Penultimately; another factor to bear in mind is that there is a Sea wall; with no reason for the existence of the groynes than to actually preserve the exquisiteness of the beach. By this I mean that by having a Sea wall the amount of protection it provides is on

  2. How and why do the beaches vary at Barmston, Mappleton and Hornsea?

    Variability due to a small timescale. When the primary data sources were recorded, it was during a small timescale. This means during different times of the day/year, the results would be different. Especially the beach surveys as it is affected by the current tide level.

  1. GCSE Georgraphy Coursework: Coastlines

    This is due to Longshore Drift operating mainly from east to west (The sediment is being transported along the beach). The groynes have been effective in trapping the sediment and keeping the beach at Sheringham. West Runton This graph shows that sediment build up is generally greater on the western

  2. Is Dawlish Warren is threaten by human impacts and marine processes.

    cutting and pond clearance as well as fencing and marram grass planting to restore trampled areas. There are restrictions on dog walking and in some places they are completely banned but part of this site has an area where dogs can be exercised freely.

  1. Sea defences around the beaches of Cley and Cromer

    Another advantage of this sea defence is that it only costs �120 per metre. It also drains cliffs - reduces saturation. Beach Nourishment: This is movement of beach material from one beach to another; Long Shore Drift transports it along shore.

  2. Coral reefs, globally are under threat. Describe the problems faced by coral reefs today. ...

    An example of an atoll reef is the Bahamas Islands. Why are coral reefs important? * Coral reefs (especially barrier reefs) provide a blockade from the effects of wave erosion particularly during storms.

  1. Invasion of Normandy

    The efforts of the French Resistance also helped make D-Day successful. They cut railroad tracks, sabotaged train engines, targeted supply trains (Normandy), cut phone lines, assassinated German officers, (Koeller 47), and bombed roads, bridges, and rail junctions. This work practically destroyed the French transportation system, disallowing the Germans the ability to send reinforcements for the attack (Normandy).

  2. A Comparison Of Film Techniques Used To Depict The Omaha Landing "Saving Private Ryan" ...

    and the British had come to set him and others like him free from evil the grip of the Germans. This was trepidation for the Germans, they knew there was a battle on their hands and they were ready for it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work