• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry and the Factors Affecting it Today

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry and the Factors affecting it Today Contents The development of the travel and tourism industry Page 3-4 Factors that have led to the growth in travel and tourism Page 4-6 Future developments in travel and tourism Page 6-7 Factors affecting the travel and tourism industry today Page 8-9 Bibliography Page 10 The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry Throughout history, people have travelled across Britain for purposes of trade, education, religion and to fight in battles. It was not until the eighteenth century, however, that the foundations of what we now regard as the British tourist industry began to be laid. Key Milestones in the Development of the UKtravel and tourism DATE MILESTONE 1936 Billy Butlin opens his first holiday camp in Skegness 1938 Holidays with Pay Act introduced 1946 Fred Pontin opens his first holiday near Weston Super Mare 1950 First package air holiday organised by Horizon 1952 First Jet Airline passenger service 1959 First Jet Airline passenger service to Australia 1960 Number of domestic holidays taken exceeds 30 million for the first time and number of foreign holidays rises to 3.5 million Early 1960's First global distribution systems developed by American Airlines 1968 Countryside Act passed to create national parks 1969 Development of Tourism Act introduced 1976 Concorde goes into service 1981 60 per cent of households in the UK have ...read more.

Middle

The growth of package tours The 1960s saw the beginning of the rapid increase in the number of package holidays sold. Destinations such as the costal area of Southern Spain, the Balearic Islands and Greece were favourite locations for British and other European travellers. Today in the region of 15 million package holidays are sold to British tourists each year. Long-haul destinations Long-haul destinations are generally considered to be those beyond Europe, for example the USA, Australia, the Far East and India. Advances in aircraft technology, coupled with low prices offered by some of the mayor holiday companies, have open up many new long-haul destinations in recent years. Places such as Florida, the Gambia, the Caribbean, Goa, Hong Kong, South Africa and Australia have all become popular with British tourists. Call centres A call centre is a customer service department that uses trained staff available over telephone lines. A company or organisation may have their own call centre or may hire out this function to a call centre company. Ontario has more than 3,000 call centres providing service in every industry from financial to government, tourism, travel, manufacturing, technology and the arts, and over 30 service bureaus. Call centre companies offer complete menus of business-to-business and customer-driven services. The industry is growing at a rate of 20 percent per year. ...read more.

Conclusion

Provided access to flight information, times, fares and seat availability and passenger reservations. View data: Is the main tool used by tour operators to sell their holidays? It is a simple booking system which displays information transmitted by public telephone lines. Global distribution system: This is a system that links up several CRS and presents information to the travel agent. Political In recent years the strength of the pound against many other currencies has made it expensive to travel to the UK. The fact that Britain has remained outside the single currency (euro) has made it costly for Europeans in particular to visit. Inbound tourism has been affected by September 11th, Foot and Mouth in 2001 and the Iraq War of 2003. Recent figures show that British tourism has weathered these storms. While aftershock from September 11th touched nearly everyone and everything across the U.S. and beyond, no industry has been more affected than the travel and tourism industry. Images of commercial airplanes piercing Manhattan's skyline, horror stories of airport security, and accounts of nervous airline passengers subjected to a gauntlet of persistent check-in procedures upset the travelling public. Despite increased security, travellers remain wary. Although a number of travel and tourism companies have reported a decrease in demand of 30% and more following the terrorist attacks, the long-term outlook for travel and tourism demand is expected to slowly brighten as consumer confidence about safety and security recover. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    to pass legislation 1992 - Department of National Heritage formed - For Culture, Media and sports 1995 - Le Shuttle and Eurostar carry first passengers through Channel Tunnel - New quicker way of getting across the channel 1997 - 70 per cent of all households in the UK have regular

  2. The Development of the Modern Travel and Tourism Industry

    The "working week" has also been made shorter to an average of 37 hours, compared to the 1950's when the working week was 50 hours a week. A great benefit to the travel and tourism industry is that many employers offer flexible working hours allowing employees to have long weekends and hence take short breaks.

  1. The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry.

    The following map shows the motorway network in the UK and M6 Toll. I got the map from: http://www.m6toll.co.uk/maps/overview_map.pdf It shows how easy it is to get around the UK on the motorway system. Conclusion. There is a definite clear relationship between the increase of car ownership and the increase of the travel and tourism industry, especially domestic.

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    level of dissatisfaction, say 50% of visitors dissatisfied or 50 visitors dissatisfied. These three criterion assist management in developing a response to visitor experience quality issues. Additional approaches to the management of large numbers of visitors include: abundant pre-trip information, quality transportation networks, scheduling of access, use limits, hardening of facilities in sensitive areas, visitor education, and law enforcement.

  1. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    including for events; * Influence people to travelling to Australia to also travel throughout Australia; * Influence Australians to travel throughout Australia, including for events; * Help foster a sustainable tourism industry in Australia and * Help increase he economic benefits to Australia from tourism.

  2. How far does the Butler Model of resort development describe the evolution of British ...

    By the 1890's Ilfracombe entered the consolidation stage, as the number of visitors levelled off, although it was still a thriving tourist area with cinema's, concert halls, amusement arcades and 25,000 advertising pamphlets being produced. Then during the post-war period due to loss of the tourism industry in the war, Ilfracombe became stagnated.

  1. What are the factors that led to contemporary differences in development between countries?

    jobs available unemployment is reduced and income is raised enabling South Koreans to spend more which increases demand and stimulates the market and the cycle continues . With more money available the country has moved on from primary all the way to tertiary dominated job sector .

  2. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    As well as national parks in the UK there are AONB (areas of outstanding natural beauty). They were established in 1949 as part of the National parks and access to the countryside act. They are similar to national parks but are not subject to the level of planning control as natural parks are.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work