• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Effects of the Irish Famine of 1846.

Extracts from this document...


The Effects of the Irish Famine of 1846 The initial effect of the famine was hardship and consequently social unrest, starvation, reduced fertility, and mass emigration. I am going to look specifically at the decline in population over one hundred years from 1801 to 1901. As the table illustrates the population of Ireland steadily increases from 1801 to 1846, when the famine occurred. Although, the increase was gradually getting smaller as conditions in Ireland gradually worsened and increasing numbers of people moved away in search of a better life as Sam will on to discuss. ...read more.


A small number of men also emigrated further a field before the famine, but these were mainly single artisans. The period between 1846 and 1851 sees the biggest decline in population. From eight million, two hundred, and eighty eight thousand, to six million, five hundred, and fourteen thousand. It is hard to establish exactly what happened to this missing population because of problems with reliable birth and death figures. However, I think it is fair to assume that during this period a large proportion of people died. ...read more.


What is especially significant about this, is that after the famine it was whole families who emigrated and not just young men. In this way whole Irish communities were set up in port towns and cities. Fertility also fell. If the great Irish famine of 1846 had not occurred then I propose that the Irish population would have declined by the end of the nineteenth century anyway. This is because better opportunities were available abroad, another potato rot occurred in 1863 and another famine during the 1880s. Also the decline in fertility, while not as noticeable as England would have occurred as families realised that a better standard of living could be achieved with fewer mouths to feed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Demography of England.

    Civil marriages are more common now than church weddings. There is an increase of couples getting married abroad. Attitudes have changed towards marriage, co-habitation as changed. 30-40 years ago, you were expected to get married. Now there is a high rate of second marriages. P7 Infant Mortality Rate This has affected children because now, there is better health care

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    Refugees had no access to protein Resulted in epidemic of kwashiorkor Cambodia 1975-79 Genocidal policies of the Khmer Rouge regime: massive deportation of urban population by forced march into the countryside without food or shelter. Total disruption of the economic structure of country 1,000,000 died through starvation.

  1. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    Wilkinson has argued that only those who had survived the plague and come out at the other side with some assets and skills to invest in land had the potential to better themselves. For many peasants mere survival was not enough.

  2. Urbanisation From 1801 to 1901

    Floors are boards over flagstones laid on bare earth. Roofs often have no slates so rain ran into the houses. The houses were also very close together which meant it was hard for air to circulate. Windows, if they are not boarded up to avoid the Window Tax, are kept shut to keep out the smell of refuse outside.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work