• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The environmental, social and economic consequences of urbanisation in Bombay.

Extracts from this document...


'Discuss the environmental, social and economic consequences of urbanisation in a named city'. Bombay is the largest city in India (but not the capital), and has a growing population of 14,350,000 people. Bombay also serves as the financial hub of India, along with a major shipping industry, heavy industrial centres and is home to the 'Bollywood' film industry, the largest in the developing world. Due to the services available in Bombay, coupled with the hope of jobs, it is a major hub for migration of people from the countryside, a process known as urbanisation. People are drawn from a large part of western India, as well as other parts of the country looking to fill the jobs that the booming economy needs. The disparity between the 'rich and the poor', the 'good jobs and the menial' is vast. Bombay has many millionaires from the expanding banking sector, located in the Bandra Kurla zone, contrasted with street sellers and beggars in the shanty town areas like Dharavi, made famous through the multi Oscar winning film - Slumdog Millionaire. The problems that face the city authorities of Bombay are immense. ...read more.


This just adds to the overcrowding of the slums, as people are forced to live there as they are unable to afford anything in the city where property costs in the region of US$3180 per sq. ft. this, coupled with the short supply of housing, results in an accelerated growth of shanty towns, another case example being the farvelas on the outskirts of many (expansive) Brazilian cities such as S�o Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. It is an inescapable upwards escalation into greater levels of poverty, as new migrants to the city locate themselves on the edges of the slums, furthest away from the centre of the city, where the jobs are located and are often built on dangerous land (old mines, near railways, on river marshland etc.) and very few have land rights, so there are just squatters with no legal protection. This is a major environmental issue and also poses significant problems to the inhabitants' health, in a country where the death rate is already 7.9/1000 (as of July 2009) and where the average life expectancy is just 60. ...read more.


It is also widely feared that such a development would not yield economic benefits for the developers, and so, much needed residential accommodation for the [ex] residents of Dharavi, will be used for commercial and office space to serve the ever expanding business sector - defeating the whole initial development objective. In conclusion, from the evidence laid out, it is clear that Bombay is suffering heavily as a result of mass urbanisation, and has done throughout its history, spanning back to even before the colonial days of the Raj. Projects such as the expansion of the Bandra Kurla complex threaten the condition of the poorer people, often illegally squatting on land, and are planned to solely benefit the banking and business/commerce sector. Migration from the countryside rural areas adding the issue of urbanisation are increasing the population at a large rate. Alongside this, poor planning and mismanagement from the authorities, failing to address the genuine needs of the city, all result in a city with gigantic disparity, overcrowding in slums and an 'all encasing' state of impoverishment for the vast majority of the population of the city. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jesse S Gordon 13N ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Mumbai (formerly Bombay); is widely known as the slum capital of the Asia. These ...

    3 star(s)

    While slum pockets cover a mere 6% of the land in Mumbai, they hold 60% of the city's population.

  2. Counter Urbanisation

    Noise pollution will definitely become a problem in the village if people migrate their in great numbers. Most families in the UK own a car, so this will bring pollution with it. Married couples with young children These couple might be affected if the village becomes overcrowded.

  1. The process of urbanisation in Australian history.

    Before 1830, jail services, commissariat-supply and whaling were more important as a source of employment, income and in promoting urban growth.5 Yet by 1830 wool played the major role in the urbanisation of Australia. It attracted labor and was a major source of export earning and capital flow from over seas.

  2. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    Human resource needs/capacity assessment of rural institutions 4.1.3 Participatory training for rural institutions and their clients 4.1.4 Policy and programme review 4.1.5 Mandate on HIV/AIDS 4.1.6 Management Information System on HIV/AIDS in rural areas 5. Conclusions 6. Bibliography EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This paper examines the implications of the HIV epidemic for

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    it is near a glass sand pit, limestone quarry, and salt deposits, no more than 50km away. It is built on the outside of the city, where land is cheap, flat, grassy in a greenfiled area. Processes: The materials are melted and cooled, so it needs to be near a water supply, and a source of energy.

  2. Free essay

    The Spatial Diffusion and Socio-economic Consequences of Avian Flu

    People were afraid to get infected by the virus and stopped buying and eating poultry products. Also the supply went down drastically due to the shortage in poultry not infected. People switched from poultry to substitute goods like beef and pork.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    According to the French naturalist Saint-Hilaire, who was visiting the city in that year, Sao Paulo had, then, more than 4000 houses and a population of about 25,000 people. The real urbanization of the city began in the 1870's, stimulated by the impressive industrialization of the first half of the

  2. Helping the Street Children in Metropolitan Jakarta

    One of the emerging social problems in Indonesia, especially in the Jakarta, is the increase of the children as beggars and buskers along the streets, even in the roads. According to the results of a survey of social welfare problems conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work