• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent is this statement correct?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Tharushi Jayakody The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent is this statement correct? PLAN Section 1 ? Introduction Define: health, health risk, modern society, development Focus of the report: exploring health risks generated by development and health risks with no relation to development Models used: Environmental Kuznets curve, Omran?s epidemiological transition model, health risk equation Section 2 ? Research and Methodology Section 3.1.0: Developmental causes of health risk 3.1.1: LEDC: Dhaka, Bangladesh 3.1.2: REDC (greatest threat to health in the future): China 3.1.3: MEDC: London 3.1.4: Sub-conclusion 3.2.0: Non-development based health risks 3.2.1: Stress-related and psychological disorders 3.2.2: Obesity 3.2.3: Smoking 3.2.4: Alcohol 3.2.5: Sub-conclusion Section 4: Conclusion Section 1.0 ? Introduction Every country has given high priority to the development of their countries and it has contributed to create a range of health risks in both developing and developed countries. This report focuses on the health risks caused by different levels of development and health risks that have no relation to development. Following this introduction, section 1.1 provides the definitions of key terms. In answering the above question, models and concepts are provided in 1.2. The research methodology is presented in section 2. ...read more.

Middle

The developed countries for example, the UK has decreased its vulnerability of health risks by implementing an effective and advanced health care system namely the National Healthcare System (NHS), established in 1948. It provides 24 hour service to all citizens in the UK. The NHS is also popular for its educational activities carried out regarding air pollution-borne diseases for example, 2010 ?Air pollution?, and ?Your Lung? campaigns. They help to improve the awareness of health risks which allow individuals to take precautions to reduce health risks. 3.1.4 Sub-conclusion It was pointed out that all levels of development contain the same health risks (lung diseases, premature deaths, respiratory diseases). However, these similar health risks are posed by different sources of pollution: vehicle exhaust fumes in London, vast number of coal using manufacturing industries in China, and indoor air pollution due to open fires in Bangladesh. Some people could argue that development leads to pollution which in turn leads to more health risks. However, the example of NHS in the UK is evidence that developed countries could invested its wealth on its citizens? health. The UK is an example of a positive multiplier effect. According to the above analysis, development results in better health care systems and educational campaigns in order to either cure or prevent health risks. ...read more.

Conclusion

illustrate the high amount or severity of health risks. This result of low income countries having less health risks can be explained by the downward spiral method: poor health leads to a setback in the economy; therefore, less money to spend on health care leading to a stagnant economy. This is common to all LEDCs. Section 4.0: Conclusion The greatest risks generated from development in MEDCs and REDCs is mainly due to pollution. To prevent or cure the resulting health risks, the developed nations have invested in health care and education. The health risks that have no relation to development were thought to be rare in LEDCs or at least less severe compared with developed countries in the past. This belief has gradually been replaced by growing evidence, supported by epidemiologic studies, that such illnesses are at least as frequent in Africa as in the developed world, if not more so (The National Academies Press). Figure 6 clearly shows that low income and middle income countries exposure to health hazards are greater in comparison to high income countries. However, the vulnerability of health risks in the modern society in LEDCs is increased due to the lack of health care facilities and education regarding health and is explained by the downward spiral method. Thus, it can be concluded that the greatest health risks to modern society is not development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Managing change by managing risk

    For many practitioners, these component bodies of knowledge are linked and integrated by a set of concepts and principles known as General Systems Theory (GST). It is not clear whether this area of professional practice should be termed a profession, a discipline, an art, a set of techniques or a technology.

  2. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry After World War II

    other transport links are hovercraft, which can take you across the sea. Cruises have made a great holiday for many holiday makers cruise liners like P&O princess which offer trips all around places like the Mediterranean. Accommodation and Catering There are many different types of accommodation and is very important in the travel and tourism industry.

  1. To what extent are cold environments fragile environments and how far does this affect ...

    Fortunately these ski resorts have now begun to look at ways where they can minimise the impact of skiing on the alpine environment; 'The respect the mountain campaign'. They hope to provide skiers with more information on resorts that are doing a lot to prevent damage to the environment and thereby encouraging all resorts to follow suit.

  2. Ecosystems at Risk - the Great Barrier Reef

    It may be a change in average weather conditions or the distribution of events around that average." The Greenhouse Effect's (see figure 1.2 below) effect is furthered by the use of fossil fuel powered technology. The greenhouse gasses emitted by such technology EG Vehicles; are trapped in the atmosphere.

  1. A2 Model Answer :

    Christians would argue that there is a need to consider the problems of the world not only because they are inhabitants of the world and so live in it, but also because they have a duty to the planet. The first Book of the Bible - Genesis describes both the

  2. Pfizer, Kent (UK)The European Headquarters for Research & Development, and the Global Manufacturing main ...

    The ultra-filtration system would provide a quality of feed water for the RO system that will allow for ease of operation and the best life cycle cost of the equipment. At the Pfizer plant, the wastewater originates from the sanitary processes, the cafeteria and the cooling towers.

  1. Christian teachings on stewardship and creation.

    Now high-level waste has to be kept in specifically designated sites, but already leaks of radioactive material have been reported. Nuclear waste affects the environment by killing animals in the surrounding area; this usually tends to be aquatic life, birth defects of new born animals, as well as, causing similar cancers that plague humans when around nuclear waste.

  2. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    Stakeholders may not hold any formal authority over the organisation, but some management theorists believe that a firm's best long-term interests are served by paying close attention to the needs of each of these groups and to include their objectives in the decision making process.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work