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The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent is this statement correct?

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Introduction

´╗┐Tharushi Jayakody The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent is this statement correct? PLAN Section 1 ? Introduction Define: health, health risk, modern society, development Focus of the report: exploring health risks generated by development and health risks with no relation to development Models used: Environmental Kuznets curve, Omran?s epidemiological transition model, health risk equation Section 2 ? Research and Methodology Section 3.1.0: Developmental causes of health risk 3.1.1: LEDC: Dhaka, Bangladesh 3.1.2: REDC (greatest threat to health in the future): China 3.1.3: MEDC: London 3.1.4: Sub-conclusion 3.2.0: Non-development based health risks 3.2.1: Stress-related and psychological disorders 3.2.2: Obesity 3.2.3: Smoking 3.2.4: Alcohol 3.2.5: Sub-conclusion Section 4: Conclusion Section 1.0 ? Introduction Every country has given high priority to the development of their countries and it has contributed to create a range of health risks in both developing and developed countries. This report focuses on the health risks caused by different levels of development and health risks that have no relation to development. Following this introduction, section 1.1 provides the definitions of key terms. In answering the above question, models and concepts are provided in 1.2. The research methodology is presented in section 2. ...read more.

Middle

The developed countries for example, the UK has decreased its vulnerability of health risks by implementing an effective and advanced health care system namely the National Healthcare System (NHS), established in 1948. It provides 24 hour service to all citizens in the UK. The NHS is also popular for its educational activities carried out regarding air pollution-borne diseases for example, 2010 ?Air pollution?, and ?Your Lung? campaigns. They help to improve the awareness of health risks which allow individuals to take precautions to reduce health risks. 3.1.4 Sub-conclusion It was pointed out that all levels of development contain the same health risks (lung diseases, premature deaths, respiratory diseases). However, these similar health risks are posed by different sources of pollution: vehicle exhaust fumes in London, vast number of coal using manufacturing industries in China, and indoor air pollution due to open fires in Bangladesh. Some people could argue that development leads to pollution which in turn leads to more health risks. However, the example of NHS in the UK is evidence that developed countries could invested its wealth on its citizens? health. The UK is an example of a positive multiplier effect. According to the above analysis, development results in better health care systems and educational campaigns in order to either cure or prevent health risks. ...read more.

Conclusion

illustrate the high amount or severity of health risks. This result of low income countries having less health risks can be explained by the downward spiral method: poor health leads to a setback in the economy; therefore, less money to spend on health care leading to a stagnant economy. This is common to all LEDCs. Section 4.0: Conclusion The greatest risks generated from development in MEDCs and REDCs is mainly due to pollution. To prevent or cure the resulting health risks, the developed nations have invested in health care and education. The health risks that have no relation to development were thought to be rare in LEDCs or at least less severe compared with developed countries in the past. This belief has gradually been replaced by growing evidence, supported by epidemiologic studies, that such illnesses are at least as frequent in Africa as in the developed world, if not more so (The National Academies Press). Figure 6 clearly shows that low income and middle income countries exposure to health hazards are greater in comparison to high income countries. However, the vulnerability of health risks in the modern society in LEDCs is increased due to the lack of health care facilities and education regarding health and is explained by the downward spiral method. Thus, it can be concluded that the greatest health risks to modern society is not development. ...read more.

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