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The History of the Samara Region.

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The History of the Samara Region. When we remember the past - we create our future. The Samara region is situated in the center of the European part of Russia. It occupies 53,6 thousand square kilometers and stretches 335 kilometers from north to south and 315 kilometers from west to east. This land witnessed many historical events, which influenced the history of the country. The history of the Samara region dates from almost VI-VII millenium. The process of development of the region began even earlier (in 100th millenium BC). But the ability of a man was limited due to the global factors. In approximately VII millenium AD the tribes, which lived here united and formed the union that is known as ???????? ????????. The first state on the territory of our region was also named ???????? ???????? and it existed up to the beginning of Tartar Invasion, when it was included into the ??????? ????. Only after the failure of the ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? began to grow in importance. In the middle of the sixteenth century Russia gained control over this region. ...read more.


?????????-?????? (a brother of ?????????, to whom there was erected a monument in Moscow) headed the garrison of "????????" and with the help of little squads of "????????" from Saratov and Astrakhan defeated the forces of ????????. That was the end of the "Upset". The 17th century was marked by the restoration of the land and productive resources of the region. Lots of villages have appeared; there have formed a certain population of the district. The soil good for growing crops, the Zhiguli Mountains rich with some resources, a trading center - Samara and an existence of unemployed human power - all this determined the way of development of the region. The main plants were salt extracting plant and sulfur-extracting plant. However agriculture remained the problem of high importance to the region. Despite all economical and political fluctuations in Russia, Samara remained a place, where it was possible to run business, to trade and to enjoy life. But it goes without saying that the life in Samara was not too dull, as it witnessed almost all antigovernment movements. It is so for the excellent reason - Samara is situated in the southeast of the European part of Russia, and plants were mainly located in the Urals. ...read more.


Fires were a cause of increasing stone-construction in the city. To cut a long story short Samara entered the 20th century being a commercial, trading, agricultural and cultural heart of Povolzhski district. But the first quarter of the 20th century changed the face of the city. Samara became a city, where the power of Bolsheviks was rather strong. However, there existed some other forces. A town of Samara quickly developed into the city. The rapid industrialization meant building of plants. Samara's oil wells began their work in 1939. And in 1940s some plants have been evacuated from west regions to Samara. The location of the city is extremely favorable due to the river and its geographical position. It is connected by river and roads with northern, southern, eastern and western parts of the country. In other words Samara continued its function of a fortification. Stalin ordered a new bunker to be built and many archives were transferred to it. I can't but mention that bunker is a museum now. Everyone can make sure that it could protect from direct bomb attack. After the Second World War Samara had a life of a provincial city and during the last decade it made an immense leap towards economical development. ...read more.

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