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The impacts of deforestation in the tropical rainforest.

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Introduction

The impacts of deforestation in the tropical rainforest. Deforestation is having an effect on all tropical rainforests. This is not just negative effects but also some very positive effects from the deforestation of the rainforests. From deforestation there are many problems that can be caused by this, environmental, social, economic and political issues all from the destruction of the rainforests across the world. There has been dramatic deforestation across the world for some time now and many of the Earths natural forests have been cleared or degraded so that they can be used for other purposes. Tropical forests are being destroyed at an ever-increasing rate. Estimates of the extent and rate of loss vary, but it appears that nearly half of the world's tropical forests already have been lost, and the remainder will all but disappear in the next two to three decades. The loss is incalculable. These forests provide habitat for an estimated half of the world's plant and animal species, provide water and fuel for much of the world's population, and influence regional and global climate. Commercial logging, clearance for agriculture, ranching, and fuel gathering are all responsible for the destruction. ...read more.

Middle

As a result, the Amazonian governments encourage cattle ranching by offering financial aid and tax rebates to cattle ranchers. This has resulted in extensive areas of the tropical rainforest being burnt and cut down so that grass and pasture can be grown for cattle. In Colombia, Bolivia, Surinam and French Guiana, shifting cultivators clear the rainforest to grow crops like maize and potatoes to feed their families. In Brazil, peasants are given plots of land to clear for subsistence farming. The government hopes that they will grow food and become self-sufficient. The tropical rainforest has also been cleared in Ecuador, Peru and Brazil for plantation agriculture. Crops such as sugar cane, bananas and coffee are grown for sale. The building of roads and the 3300 km east - west Trans-Amazonia Highway have resulted in the extensive deforestation of the Brazilian part of the Amazon rainforest. The building of the highway has also made much of the interior of the tropical rainforest of the Amazon Basin more accessible to people. As a result, more areas of the rainforest have been cleared and developed for other land uses. The tropical rainforest of the Amazon Basin offers many valuable natural resources such as timber, mineral ores and oil. ...read more.

Conclusion

The governments and particularly the logging companies see the deforestation as a development of the rainforest and are in complete support of it as it means that there is increased employment between the local people therefore there are incomes for them. As well as providing jobs for the local people they can be offered land as there is a growing population so more land is needed to house people that are living in the country. Many of the LEDCs have huge debts to other countries and by tearing down the rainforest gives the government money from the exports of the timber and also money from possible tourism that may occur from the 'development' of the rainforest. It is impossible to stop deforestation in the foreseeable future, but there are many opportunities for bringing it under control and minimising its negative impacts. Residual forests can be preserved, logged areas replanted and new laws can be introduced to limit the amount of land that can be deforested each year. People can also explore the use of alternative materials and recycled materials. The situation of deforestation is in a realistic sense will never be fully be resolved as by the time that anything will go into practice there will be no rainforests left. Geography Mr Strange Peter Everton 12RT -1- ...read more.

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