• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The Impacts of Natural Hazards include Social, Economic and environmental effects" Discuss this statement in relation to an area of Multiple hazards.

Extracts from this document...


"The Impacts of Natural Hazards include Social, Economic and environmental effects" Discuss this statement in relation to an area of Multiple hazards Introduction A natural hazard event can be defined as a natural occurrence that can cause a potential threat and loss of life to people inhabiting a certain area. As well as causing danger to humans, natural hazards can also be crippling to the local economies. An example of this was hurricane Andrew that struck the East Coast of America in 1992, causing $26.5 billion worth of damage. Hazards are a very real threat to humans, with over 1500 active volcanoes and with 50 to 60 eruptions occurring every year. A multiple hazard region is an area where more than one natural event threatens the local population. This report will, as the title suggests focus on the three impacts of a Natural hazard, Social, Economic and environmental. The social impacts of a hazard include the displacement of a population and how many people died and were injured. The economic impacts are concerned with how the regions economy is affected in the aftermath of the event. This can include immediate cost of having to provide shelter to the homeless to the more long term costs of rebuilding much of a city which was the case in Kobe when $20 billion worth of damage was done by the 1995 earthquake. Environmental impacts include how the regions environment is affected by the event. ...read more.


the social impacts were large including 100 dead and 500 injured. The Area was very lucky not to be struck by a Tsunami in the aftermath of this earthquake as the US geological survey issued a Tsunami warning for the western side of the country. If the Tsunami had have hit, the damage would have been far more extensive. In 1998 a Tsunami struck Papua new Guinea after an earthquake of similar strength to the one that struck Sumatra occurred. Waves of up to 10 metres high completely destroyed all coastal villages with over 2000 left dead. The main social impacts were deaths and injures along with families being split up and hypothermia occurring after 25,000 people are forced to shelter outside. On of the more long term social impacts was that the 'Breadwinner' of the family having been killed so many families were short of money and therefore food. While most of the economic impacts were the same as when the landslide struck, one of the economic impacts was the damage caused to the fledgling tourist industry. In recent years some of the population have tried to cash in on wealthy westerners wanting to view the jungle and wild animals in their natural habitat. This Earthquake has, according to the president, 'set back the tourist industry by at least 10 years'. With many of the tourists areas destroyed by the quake it is easy to see why. ...read more.


Sumatra's LEDC status makes social impacts worse than MEDCs, but economic impacts are also hard felt. Wherever a natural event strikes an area its economy is badly effected. Although in MEDCs a large mount of damage may be done (over $20 billion damage caused by hurricane Andrew) but an MEDCs can quickly restore the economy back to as it was due to government being allocated money by central government for help with the disaster. In Sumatra the economic impacts of hazards are much worse. The central government has no money to help rejuvenate an area after a disaster, so a promising new industry such as tourism's development can b pushed back almost a decade meaning the whole of the Sumatra economy will be in decline for many years after the event. The pressure on the Sumatra economy means that ministers often turn a 'blind eye' to illegal activities such as logging because these activities bring in external revenue and employment. Although this activity was known to increase the risk of landslides, the government hoped that somehow a landslide would be averted and there would be a cash injection into the economy. Neither happened and the result was that many people are now trapped in the poverty cycle The environmental impacts of a natural disaster are also worse in an LEDC. This is because what little money that is present to restore the area back to what it was prior to the disaster is allocated to the human population with little regard for the animal population affected by the event which was in this case the 2-horn Rhino. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The number of fatalities that result from volcanic and seismic natural hazards is related ...

    4 star(s)

    called Chaiten (it's location in relation to plat boundaries can be seen in figure 5), a caldera, one of the most explosive forms of volcano. Chaiten has formed due to the presence of the subduction zone where the Pacific plate is being forced beneath the South American continental crust (this

  2. Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

    from earthquakes than MEDC's because from the information given from the examples of earthquakes, we can see some definite similarities and comparisons. We can see that the earthquake in Kobe caused mass destruction and severe loss of lives. This does not support my hypothesis that LEDC's suffer greater damage as Kobe is an MEDC.

  1. Title : The Determination of Microbial Numbers Objectives:Practically every phase of microbiology requires ...

    After you have added the molten agar, please ensure that cover the plate and rotate the plates gently to get good mixing. Make sure the every sample didn't splash onto underside of the Petri plate lid. Finally let the plates cool until hardened.

  2. Compare and contrast the Philippines and Californian hotspots, giving an opinion as to which ...

    There are many active volcanoes in the Philippines including two of the worst in the world: Mt Pinotubo and Mt Taal. Mt Pinotubo erupted in June 1991 and was biggest the world had seen in years. It consisted of two eruptions causing huge lahars, and a 20km cloud of ash.

  1. "Poor countries are more at risk from natural hazards than rich countries" How far ...

    Most of the local population living in remote rural areas simply did not have access to information and were caught unprepared, leaving 500 people dead and one million homeless. This is direct contrast to the floods in Britain in the winter of 2000 when homes and businesses at risk were

  2. With Reference To At Least Two Case Studies, One Each From An MEDC and ...

    A city in an MEDC, built completely of high quality reinforced masonry is much less susceptible to damage, then mud, brick buildings. Because the income in MEDC's is going to be higher than that of incomes in an LEDC, people will be able to afford much better quality housing.

  1. The World Distribution of Population is as important as the world distribution of areas ...

    to increase in density within seismic prone areas, so human dispersion is vital in recognising both future and current hazards. All preceding knowledge is summed up in Kofi Annan's assessment:"At no time in human history have so many people lived in cities clustered around seismically active areas...Poor land-use planning; environmental

  2. To what extent is magnitude the main factor to influence the type and level ...

    being rescued by their neighbours as they knew what to do and where to go in such a event which is what the Haitian?s lacked. These examples are perfect for showing why Magnitude might not be the most influential factor in a tectonic event as Haiti had a lower magnitude

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work