• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The main aim of hazard management should be to reduce the effects of hazards, not manage their cause. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The main aim of hazard management should be to reduce the effects of hazards, not manage their cause." Discuss. Hazard management ultimately aims to reduce the risk that a hazard can bring to humans. This can be done through the four steps of modifying the cause, event, vulnerability and loss. I believe that the cause of many natural hazards, such as geophysical and meteorological hazards cannot prevented, thus the management of the cause of a hazard is irrelevant in the management of many hazards. As such, it should be the case that the main aim of hazard management should be to reduce the effects of hazards rather than manage their cause. The issue of reducing the effect of hazards would be discussed in the four parts of the hazard management framework. I agree with the statement to a large extent that hazard management should not be centered on managing the cause. The few ways in which the cause of the hazard can be modified will be discussed. Although the most ideal method would be to prevent the occurrence of the event in the first place, to stop a hazard from occurring entirely is a feat that usually would be only be feasible in terms of small scale, isolated phenomena, taking the example of a flood. ...read more.

Middle

Community preparedness is essential in all communities where hazard occurrence is frequent, to train and educate people as to how to respond to a hazard and drawing out evacuation plans, and stocking up emergency supplies of food, water and medicine. Also, people can be trained in first aid, search and rescue, and firefighting, etc. In some cases, this is much more feasible than using technology, when the cost is too high. A case study of Norway, where avalanches are frequent, is a good example. Due to the fact that neither relocation nor retrofitting buildings was a feasible option, the most cost effective plan would be to decrease vulnerability. This was done mainly through setting up a warning system, and coming up with a plan to organize an evacuation, by appointing a group of representatives from each community and training the people on how to react. The plan was highly successful, showing the merit in proper planning and preparedness. In many ways the perception and awareness of the community to hazards is very important. Changing the perception of people is also essential in reducing the impacts of hazards, for negative perception by a group of people can ultimately lead many deaths, in cases where communities, especially in ...read more.

Conclusion

After changing any negative perceptions of hazards in communities, community preparedness is essential. A bottom up approach equips people with the ability to save their own lives rather than being dependant on others. In fact, it has been shown that this approach works much better than international aid or rescuers from the military. For example, the rescue efforts to the floods in Mozambique in 2001 was a success, not because of anything else, but more of the fact that the people were trained in how to respond, and that there was a clearly drawn out evacuation plan and appointed leaders in the community. Mozambique, though being one of the poorest countries in the world, has managed to increase community preparedness, thus showing how this approach to hazard management, may just be the most universal method of tackling hazards, which works regardless of affluence. In conclusion, it is true that hazard management should be primarily about reacting to the hazards and reducing the damage it brings, rather than trying to prevent it. Still, as technology continues to develop, we cannot eliminate it as an essential part of hazard management, for what may not be possible to prevent now, may be in the future. So, both sides of the equation must be considered to tackle risk effectively, depending on the context. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4547032.stm http://www.1st-4-house-plans.com/288-japanese-house-plans.html http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=18 http://www.sunsetcities.com/hoover-dam.html http://www.globalaging.org/armedconflict/countryreports/americas/affectedmost.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Topic: Critically contrast the approach to organisations of the classical management theorists with that ...

    There are several contingency factors: strategy, size, task uncertainty, and technology. Contingency theory sees the optimal structure is an organisation that can adapt to their external environment (Luthans, 1973). The contingency theory on the relationship between an organisation's 'strategy' and its structure was firstly propounded by Chandler (1998).

  2. Managing change by managing risk

    For example, a developer may elect to base key design decisions on analytical data rather than empirical data to reduce costs at some increase in risk. These definitions must be addressed during a proposal if they are included in the RFP, but after an award they are probably not too useful to a performing organization.

  1. Positive and negative effects of the Three Gorges dam project in China.

    This will then stop the HEP from working and Fishermans won't be able to catch fish downstream. It will cost lot money to scrape out the lake. This will be very bad for all the porting businesses because it will be hard to get around and harder for fish businesses because they will no longer be able to catch fish.

  2. Critically contrast the approach to organisations of the classical management theorists with that of ...

    Government agencies have unique organisation and strongly influenced by regulations. Therefore, Blau's theory is luck of generalisability. Another famous studies about size-structure relationship was done by Aston Group1. According to Donaldson (1999)'s description, Aston Group asserted that size was tha major determination of strucrure.

  1. Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to ...

    the Department for Health and Education and Employment in November 1997, which said work in the traditional manufacturing sector had declined considerably as employment in services has increased. The study found increasing skill levels in the workplace, further highlighting the support to the classical, modern, post-modern hierarchy.

  2. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    In the oceans as dissolved atmospheric carbon dioxide and as calcium carbonate shells in marine organisms. The carbon cycle is the circulation of carbon in the form of the simple element and its compounds through nature. The source of carbon in living things is carbon dioxide (CO2), from air or dissolved in water.

  1. Evolution of management theories.

    MANAGING ENVIRONMENT ELEMENTS Adaptation: is the rearranging of internal activities and conditions to make the organization more compatible with the environment. In this approach, managers do not attempt to influence outside force but concentrate instead on internal elements that can reduce vulnerability to the environment.

  2. Land Management

    Deforestation has caused a huge loss of native vegetation. Land is cleared for timber, paper products and agriculture, resulting in loss of animal and plant habitats, dry salinity, erosion and decline in water quality. Cropping: There has been an increase in grain production due to advances in technology such as high tech farming tools and materials such as fertilisers, herbicides, pesticides, large machinery and genetically modified seeds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work