• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The population of Australia is constantly changing. Like many other countries, it is divided into rural and urban population. The nation has seen a devastating change in population density in rural areas.

Extracts from this document...


All communities in developed countries, such as Australia, are divisions that constantly change to suit their environment, the environment meaning the demographics of its citizens. A community is a group of people that share a common belief or interest. Over the last sixty years, Australian communities have changed due the varied population and migration policies now enforced. As time goes on, communities will change at an increasing rate. The demographics of a community often control the type of community that will exist: how it will operate. Generally, demographics show the age, status and education that exists within a community. For example, a less isolated, inner-city, urban area will have a generally high education, good job and high standard of living. Ofcourse, a community will attract people of the same background. Another important factor in a community is the technology that is available. ...read more.


The indigenous people of Australia are of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent. After European settlement, the size of the indigenous population declined dramatically. However, this has all changed in the past 60 years. At the end of the 1960's, the indigenous population was at a steady 90, 000 - 100, 000. However, since 1971, the indigenous population has increased to over 400, 000. Migration is the movement of people from one location to another. Overtime, the number, countries of origin and reasons for migrating to Australia has changed. For example, a woman in the 1950's would have migrated to Australia perhaps to escape war, and could have been from a variety of countries. Nowadays, people migrate to Australia for family or job opportunities, and many come from Europe. In the past 60 years, the proportion of overseas born residents in Australia has increased by 12%. ...read more.


However, it is women who continue to carry the greater responsibility for caring and other unpaid work, effectively placing them under increased time pressures. Women's working patterns may impact on their ability to balance work with other responsibilities. Marriage trends in Australia have changed increasingly in the past few decades. Proportion of couples marrying in 2004 who lived together before the wedding: 75 per cent; in the 1970s: 16 per cent. The average age at marriage for men in Australia in 2001 was 31, compared to 26 years old in 1981. For women in Australia the average age at marriage in 2001 was 29, compared to the average age of 23 in 1981. Proportion of couples in Australia living together in 2004 who are married: 87.6 per cent. All in, all out, Australia can only go uphill from here. The Great Southern Land, The Land Down Under...Terra Australis is and continues to be the best place to live in, just after Paradise. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. There are many problems facing rural areas in today's world.

    In areas where paramilitary activity may be considered 'legitimate' by some, it is not sanctioned by the rest of the community.

  2. Why have services declined in rural areas in the past 30 years?

    where people no longer choose to work close to where they live through lack of transport, and no longer have the need for convenience shopping. So, they may still wish for the ideal of a quaint rural lifestyle, but no longer need the services which it once provided to its previous inhabitants.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    They foster a community spirit, and are open long and irregular hours. eg Vimmels Secondary Centres - These line the roads, where land is cheaper, there is parking, better accessibility, and more traffic, they rely on impulse buying, types include car show rooms, petrol stations, convenience stores such as newsagents, and specialist stores such as florists and takeaways.

  2. An Overview of Immigration to Australia

    followed by United Kingdom (8,701) and China (7,255) in 2000. These are the top three countries in the next year as well. 2.3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2003) Overseas Arrivals and Departures, February 2003, Cat. no. 3401.0, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2.3.1 Permanent arrivals settlers Appendix 8 illustrates arrivals to Australia by category of movement.

  1. Case Study of Deprivation in a Rural Area - Cornwall

    This has helped to reduce Cornwall's geographical isolation. 1999 - Objective One funding - It is from the EU. It was designed to boost the local economy. It aims to reduce social and economic differences within the EU. The funding comes from the EU and is granted to areas where the gross domestic product is 75% of the EU average or less.

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    In practice rural populations, even in the best lands, continued to decline right through the century, not just because of recurrent bouts of the Plague but because many rural workers left their villages for the towns, where they were even more vulnerable to later plagues, and because those who stayed either married late or failed to produce children.

  1. Comparing Land-Use patterns between Rural and Urban areas.

    For example, industries may group together along a riverside or railway to form an industrial zone. As a result it is possible to recognise functional zones within every town, which are characterised by distinctive types of land use. Towns and cities may be divided into different 'functional zones/regions'.

  2. "What is the relation between the image of the 'rural' and the idea of ...

    Wilcox summarizes the depiction of this social class. He represents the hard working, pragmatic and chauvinistic middle class trying to step up to the upper class. He owns a rural estate, Howard's End, which he has earned through him being a prominent businessman.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work