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The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry.

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Introduction

The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry. 1. Changing Socio-Economic Circumstances. The car-owning society. Car ownership- changes over time. Car ownership has changed dramatically since 1953 in which 3 million cars were owned in the UK, meaning 14% of the population owned cars. But by 1997, 22 million cars were owned in the UK; therefore 68% of the population owned cars. I found the information for this graph at: www.dft.gov.uk The graph demonstrates how the number of cars owned in the UK increased from 1979 in 1950 to over 23899 in 2001. Latest data from the department for transport shows that car ownership in 2002 was over 24543 thousand. In another 10 years time I predict that cars owned will be over 26000 and will be continuously increasing. The increase of car ownership can be based on many factors. * One of these main factors is the increase of disposable income. This occurs due to the increase of pay. After people have paid bills and for other necessities, people have more disposable income to spend on cars and other such as leisure and consumer goods. * Another issue to consider about the increase of car ownership is that there are flexible ways of borrowing money. Loans enable people to buy cars. Years ago borrowing money was very hard and wasn't as easy as it is today. This explains the gradual increase of car ownership. * In the UK, cars have become relatively cheaper due to automation. This means cars have become more affordable for many people. Also this suggests that productivity has increased as well if the price is cheaper. Meaning there are more offers on cars on the market. * I feel car ownership has increased due to how flexible it is. Unlike buses and other public transport, you don't have a timetable and therefore you can go wherever you want, whenever you want. ...read more.

Middle

They also don't have traffic lights and roundabouts which reduces time from the journey. * It is also easy to get onto the motorway system on slip roads. This means people all over the UK can travel on the motorway systems and make their journey more efficient and quicker. * I have also looked at this is more detail in the post-war development, the car owning society. Conclusion. Clearly the motorway network has a relationship with the increasing levels of travel and tourism. The motorway enables people to travel to destinations all over the UK, quicker. This means it is much more appealing to travel, maybe to further places on the motorway network as it is so easy. This has an impact on travel and tourism as more people are willing to travel. Air Travel. * Dr. Hans von Ohain and Sir Frank Whittle are both recognized as being the co-inventors of the jet engine. Each worked separately and knew nothing of the other's work. Hans von Ohain is considered the designer of the first operational turbojet engine. Frank Whittle was the first to register a patent for the turbojet engine in 1930. Hans von Ohain was granted a patent for his turbojet engine in 1936. However, Hans von Ohain's jet was the first to fly in 1939. Frank Whittle's jet first flew in 1941. * The development of pressurised cabins meant that there was a supply of air which then they could fly higher and get out of the troposphere where all the weather conditions affected the flight. As without the pressurised cabin, flights couldn't go above in to the stratosphere, into the thin air as there would be no air supply. This meant flights are more enjoyable and quicker, therefore more appealing to the public. Aircrafts can now reach heights of 30,000- 40,000 ft, whereas they could only reach heights of 15,000 ft. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means information comes from all over the world to give the costumers the best chance of getting the holiday they want. The electronic information on Amadeus contains flight details, accommodation and dates in which are available. There are many online travel agents, these include: Expedia. * Expedia is a virtual online travel agent which means you can book everything from you flight to hotel. Their aim is to replace high street travel agents. * Expedia also works with a GDS to get the results they want for their costumers. This has a booming impact on travel and tourism as it is so much easier to book a holiday as everything can be catered for, for your own personal needs. Sunvil Holidays. * Sunvil online offers a different service to Expedia as you can't book online whereas they offer a variety of holidays around the world. You can either book by phone or request to order a brochure. Sunvil have been operating holidays since 1970. They also offer unique tailor made travel options. This is what makes it ideal and appealing to potential costumers. * Another technological development is e-ticketing. Here is the booth in which you enter your details into when you come to the airport. This means you don't need a paper ticket which gives you less things to worry about and loose. Once you have booked with the airline, you can check yourself in. this saves on time and is much more efficient. This relates to the ever growing industry of travel and tourism as everything is becoming easier and quicker to do. Making going away much more appealing to the public. (I got this picture form Google search on images.) Conclusion. Computerised booking systems make it much easier for tourists going on holiday as it creates less hassle. This makes it much more engaging for the public. The technological development therefore relates to the increase of travel and tourism as going on holiday is so much more efficient to the technology. ?? ?? ?? ?? Becky Goodall ...read more.

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