• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The processes of the change in the Rural Environments in the UK.

Extracts from this document...


The processes of the change in the Rural Environments in the UK "Hi-tech farming develops higher yields at lower costs using less land". I would agree with this statement because over the past few years, precision farming has become a proven and affordable way to know your crops. Each year, more and more farmers turn to high-tech tools to collect data, process information in order to increase their yields. These hi-tech tools include Global positioning systems which allow the farmer to keep track of the crops he or she has sprayed and enables them to spray at night. It also allows them to keep track of what crops they have already harvested and where they have planted new ones. This reduces errors made by farmers that could lead to crops being destroyed and, therefore, increasing potential yield. Yield mapping will also increase yield; with a yield mapping monitor, it is possible to spot where areas of rocks or infertile land are located, which might affect crop growth. ...read more.


However, using nitrates has a negative side too. Excess nitrate leaks into groundwater supplies and can run into ponds and rivers. This can then lead to eutrophication, which is when nitrates create a nutrient rich environment which causes plants and algae to multiply rapidly. These plants then use the oxygen in the rivers and ponds, causing fish and other fresh water animals to die as there isn't enough oxygen for them to survive. It also contaminates human water supplies which is a health hazard. The Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and foods (MAFF) has confirmed that there is a link between nitrates and cancer. Phosphates from sewage and farm slurry have also caused pollution in areas like the Norfolk Broads. Biocides and other chemicals are used to kill organisms which damage crops and are otherwise known as poisons. The most common way to apply the biocide to the crops is to spray them by vehicle or by plane, this insures a healthy crop. ...read more.


4. Stubble burning: mountains of organic matter are burned and then become polluting smoke. Now farmers can move away from using chemicals and fertilizers by using different methods of farming. Farmers can now grow organic crops; they can use insect predators which help protect the crops replacing the need for chemicals. Another option is to cultivate less intensively or reward nitrate-free farming. The government can also help persuade farmers to change their methods by fining and taxing polluters higher and giving incentives to farmers who keep pollution to a minimum. Genetically modified food or GM foods are also an alternative though highly controversial crop that can cut costs to farmers and help protect the environment as they don't require pesticides. By 2009 the government have a target to make 25 percent of farming organic. The reasons for this are that it means healthier food as no chemicals are used and food production is six times more sustainable and more energy efficient. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michael Alldis A/S Geography 19/11/04 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Scott Report and the Making of the Modern Countryside - 'How penetrating was ...

    5 star(s)

    The Scott report is 'penetrating' in some aspects as it describes problems associated with the countryside. It does not, however, go into enough detail and glosses over many a subject. The Majority Report is quite ambiguous and vague when it describes how the countryside had fallen into disrepair.

  2. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    14-28-14. What does 14 - 28 - 14 means? The fertilizer contains 14% N, 28% P and 14% k. A complete fertilizer contains N, P and K. Incomplete fertilizers supply one or two elements. Examples urea, triple super phosphates and murate of potash.

  1. Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of the use of Fertilisers and Pesticides in Agriculture

    The use of pesticides has also allowed growers to produce crops in otherwise unsuitable locations, extend growing seasons, maintain product quality and extend shelf life13. In agriculture their uses are: * Preventing damage to crops by destroying insects and weeds * Improving animal welfare by controlling parasitic diseases (e.g. sheep-dip).

  2. Were the Rebecca Riots a justifiable expression of rural discontent?

    This source illustrates the Welsh farmers struggle in farming with only very simple, backwards methods used. There is a comparison made to the English farming methods to the Welsh farmers' methods which gives us a comparison to the extent of technology used by other farmers compared to the Welsh.

  1. Is Biological Pest Control Better Than Chemical Control?

    This is the tendency with most chemical pesticides: they have a tendency to become less effective, and are also harmful for other wildlife, especially humans. The manufacturers need to recover the costs of developing the pesticide quickly as the pesticide only remains effective for a limited amount of time until the pests develop genetic resistance to them.

  2. Is deindustrialisation in the U.K an undesirable process?

    Deindustrialisation took place in many of the established industrial countries, including the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and USA. When the oil-prices rose in the 1970's it brought inflation to Europe and many people feared a rapid decline in manufacturing as output shifted to developing countries with cheaper labour.

  1. Is biological pest control better than chemical pest control?

    Occasionally you may come across weeds that are very small and do not do any real harm to the crops. The insect pests work in many different ways, each kind of plant has its own species of aphids, and these little creatures have small mouthparts, which they use to suck sap from plants.

  2. Different methods of pest control and their environmental issues.

    The hazards of chemical pesticide use are now widely recognized, although statistics are hard to gather. The World Health Organization estimates that pesticides every year and more than 200,000 die poison at least three million people. It is estimated that up to 25 million agricultural workers are poisoned every year.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work