• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The real 'cost' of tourism is its impact on tourist recipient sites and regions.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The real 'cost' of tourism is its impact on tourist recipient sites and regions. Using quantitative data, measure the costs and benefits of tourism on a site or destination of your choice, evaluating that cost in economic, social and environmental terms. Give examples and describe from your own knowledge tourist sites that have paid a price in social and cultural disruption, or in environmental pollution. In the light of your findings, address the question of whether tourism is an appropriate tool for national development. Tourism has become one of the key industries in affecting the state of the world economy, and is being adopted by many struggling countries as a tool for national development. By studying the costs and benefits of tourism on concerned countries, it is feasible to analyse its success as a strategy of development. As tourism is a relatively new industry and is growing so fast, the literature on the subject is continually expanding as more studies are carried out. The aim for this piece of work therefore, is to investigate the real 'cost' of tourism on Jamaica. Studies into the subject and the country will be examined, extracting the costs and the benefits in economic, social and environmental terms. The data will then be analysed in a suitable way and compared to alternative methods so as to determine if tourism is an appropriate agent for national development in Jamaica. It is very important to establish a few definitions before continuing with the essay, so that the eventual aim can be measured. Firstly, what we understand by the word tourism. Basically, it means a temporary and voluntary movement of people to a destination of their choice for the fundamental purpose of pleasure. The duration can range from a few days to a whole year. Facts in 2000 showed that there were 700 million travellers per year, 62% of which was solely for leisure. ...read more.

Middle

Although the above named advantages are possible for Jamaica, unfortunately it is not always looked on by the government in this way. There were very few examples found where Jamaica was looking to significantly improve their environment as a result of tourism. Despite the fact that the surroundings are clearly being destroyed the emphasis, as I think will come out even more lately, is that Jamaica are willing to sacrifice the environment in an attempt to maximise their income. But is this an appropriate strategy? Do the advantages significantly outweigh the disadvantages? In an attempt to answer those questions it is essential to look at what tourism brings to the economy. The Jamaican GDP was measured at about J$5,034 million during 2002, and stats on visitor stays indicate a total expenditure of J$1,000 million through tourism. This suggests that the tourism industry accounted for about 20% of Jamaica's GDP in 2002. This is a substantial increase from 10 years previous when tourism accounted for just 13.3%,6 but it is still recovering after the impact of the September 11th, 2001 happenings in USA. Before the events in USA, tourism was highly influential in the success of the Jamaican economy but it suffered a decrease as people became more concerned about travelling. It is only now that the industry is starting to re-develop, and it is again becoming one of the most influential industries amongst insurance services and the manufacturing business. Tourism is clearly a huge industry with immense potential for any country to use as a tool for national development, particularly economic development. Unfortunately, the richer countries seem more able to benefit than the poorer ones, which can lead to a larger gap building between them. Although the following figures are slightly dated they help indicate the state of the Jamaican economy and we can infer its current state from these after knowing it has since grown after the large blip due to September 11th. ...read more.

Conclusion

If you consider the earliest definitions, which basically suggest that Third World Countries strive towards being similar to the Western World, then I believe that tourism is an appropriate tool for development. It is a guaranteed way of becoming more like the Western World in terms of technology and infrastructure. However, I also believe that this is not the best definition and that the latter ones are more valid. The World Development Report suggested the overall goal was to increase the economic, political and civil rights of all people across gender, ethnic groups, religions, races, regions and countries. So if this is taken as the basis when answering the question, then my answer would be different. Tourism clearly does not go along way to increasing the political and civil rights of the Jamaica residents for example. Tourism brings in "intruders" from other countries who intrude on their lives and remove a significant amount of identification the citizens may have. The government have to make the choice of whether they are willing to sacrifice the well being of their residents and state of their environment in order to maximise the profits from the industry. Unfortunately, this is often the case as the country need their economy to be strong, and there is no doubt that tourism has massive potential of bringing in revenue. The only other consideration the government should have would be to use the money to improve industries within their own country and work on trade as an alternative. The potential revenue may not be as high but I believe it is safe to say that the disadvantages would be hugely less. In conclusion, of the theorists mentioned earlier I would agree with Andre Gunder Frank, as I believe if countries like Jamaica want to succeed they should disconnect from the global economy and pursue their own national strategies of import-substitution. 1 www.uneptie.org 2 www.uneptie.org 3 www.american.edu 4 Internet. Jamaica Tourism Impacts' 5 Internet. Jamaica Tourism Impacts' 6 www.boj.org 7 www.uneptie.org 8 www.uneptie.org 9 www.uneptie.org 10 Organization of American States 11 www.eh.net 12 "Tourism Economic, Physical and Social Impacts" 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    Travel and Tourism Industry Travel and Tourism is a multi-billion pound industry in the UK. Visit Britain estimates that domestic and overseas tourists spent a total of around �26 million in 1998. 60% of this spending was covered by the Accommodation and Catering sector.

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    It is, therefore, necessary that these features be carefully considered in the planning of uses in ecotour destinations and in ecotour market development. It is worth noting that there is extensive overlap between the features expressed in ecotour company advertising and the travel motives of ecotourists discussed earlier in this paper.

  1. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    It aims to attract a mature and stylish crowd. . There is a large range of accommodation in Cardiff Ranging from the YHA hostel to the Marriott and Hilton Hotels. A double room in the YHA Cardiff will cost �13 per room a night and would appeal to students or young people who are visiting Cardiff for a short break.

  2. The pros and cons of an increased tourism industry

    Meanwhile, it is often the tourists who afford the interest and economic means to preserve and maintain cultural heritage (Godfrey and Clarke, 2000) Also, it providing new market for crafts, which were threatened by extinction (Crandall, 1994, Godfrey and Clarke, 2000).

  1. Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism: Antipodes

    same time not be too new or strange because few tourists are actually looking for completely new things. Tourists often look for recognizable facilities in an unfamiliar environment, like well-known fast-food restaurants and hotel chains. Adapting cultural expressions and manifestations to the tastes of tourists or even performing shows as if they were "real life" constitutes "staged authenticity".

  2. Tourism can lead to a multiplier effect. What is meant by the term multiplier ...

    There are other downsides to tourism for a host country apart from the loss of heritage. Firstly, the amount of people tourism attracts is vast, up to 59million in Spain alone in 2000. (Source: Ministerio de Econom�a y Hacienda). This may sound good, however if each tourist rented a car

  1. Assess the extent to which Trans National Corporations (TNCs) have a positive impact ...

    side is located, will benefit, because the effects on the local environment won't be bad. Issues linked with factories causing environmental problems, could be pollution, when the waste from the factory is not disposed of as it should be, this could result in it getting into rivers and seas.

  2. Discuss the impact of the Afghanistan conflict on the economy, society, political and environment. ...

    poppy cultivation for a single farmer is 1,000 to 2,000 Lakhs, as opposed to the 20 lakhs from cultivating wheat. Therefore farmers are willing to grow poppies to get more money and many farmers refuse to switch back to growing wheat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work