• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The river Tees

Extracts from this document...


What evidence is there that the river Tees has a upper and lower course? The Tees is a river in Northern England. It rises on the eastern slope of Cross Fell in the Pennines, and flows eastwards for about 87 miles (137 km) to the North Sea, between Hartlepool and Redcar. It drains an area of 708 square miles (1834 square km), and subsumes no important tributaries. The river formed the boundaries between the historic counties of County Durham and Yorkshire. At its lower reaches it now forms the boundary between the ceremonial counties of County Durham and North Yorkshire. Like most rivers, the River Tee has an upper and lower course. The upper course is the start of the river. ...read more.


The sides of the gorge are made less steep by the weathering creating a V shape. The river channel is rough and shallow because there are large stones, rocks and boulders in the river channel. Rapids occur when it past a series of alternating soft and hard rock. There would be sudden fall of water along parts of the river and the speed of the river is usually fast due to the change in gradient. The more resistant hard rock would not be eroded as fast as the soft rock and therefore, there is a different in level. Energy of the river is used to overcome the friction between the water and the rock particles. There is little or no erosion that take place. ...read more.


It flows over land with very gentle gradient River Valley - Broad - Flat - Bounded by bluffs The type of the erosion that takes places here is lateral erosion. Vertical erosion has almost stopped. Its main activity is transporting and deposition. Other evidence that there is a lower course to the river tees is ox-bow lakes these are formed when two concave banks of the meanders erode and become joined together. The river would then flow straight. Deposition takes places and cuts the river from the meanders loops. As more Deposition takes place, the meander loop becomes independent and is called an ox-bow lake. An ox-bow lake is a horseshoe shaped or crescent shaped lake. Waterfalls and V-shaped valleys on the upper course of the River Tees Meanders and the mouth of the river tees on the lower course of the river Tees ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hydrology & Fluvial Geomorphology essays

  1. Hydrology and Fluvial geomorphology. (Q&A)

    and by slow groundwater flow underground, eventually returning to the ocean. In this way, the global water supply is recycled and conserved. By contrast, a river or drainage basin is an 'open' system - it forms part of this global hydrological cycle and has inputs and outputs - it is linked to other parts of the overall hydrological system.

  2. Does the river Alyn follow Bradshaw's model?

    / 37 = 0.27 180 metres 15.4 10 10 / 15.4 = 0.65 210 metres 17.6 10 10 / 17.6 = 0.57 240 metres 19.6 10 10 / 19.6 = 0.51 270 metres 29 10 10 / 29 = 0.34 300 metres 16.6 10 10 / 16.6 = 0.6 330

  1. To assess whether the modified channel of the river ash is effective in reducing ...

    a shorter time in the centre of the channel than on the outside. This is because the friction caused by the banks and vegetation and also the energy spent on deposition and erosion mean that the water towards the sides of the river may have a slower flow.

  2. Landforms located along the River Tees, County Durham

    Waterfalls and rapids are other landforms that define the upper course of the Tees, both brought about by the processes assisting vertical erosion. The Tees flows over layers of Whin Sill, hard resistant rock which is mounted upon layers of sandstone, limestone and shale which are comparatively soft and easily eroded away by the river.

  1. Do the Characteristics of a river change downstream?

    River Wharfe Apparatus * A length of rope * Two metre rulers Method A length of rope was sent from one end of the river to the other. One end was tied to a tree (South Bank) and the other to a bench (North Bank.)

  2. Geograpgy glendun river

    The discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. The discharge as the source is very low compared to the mouth as there is more friction There would not be a high load amount as there are larger boulders on

  1. The river Gwaun: Investigating how the course of the river changes from the source ...

    This is probably down to two main factors, erosion and man-management. The bed load was a mixture of small round rocks and mediocre (sub)angular/rounded rocks. The river was straight and flowing very fast. Landforms and Man-made structures Waterfalls/rapids There were a few small waterfalls in Site 1 and a few instances of rapids.

  2. Investigating the river Caerfanell

    How does velocity change downstream? 2) How does channel shape change downstream? 3) How does the channel shape affect velocity? 4) Does gradient affect velocity? 5) Does gradient affect channel shape or roughness? My hypothesis' are: * Velocity increases downstream * Channel shape increases in both width and depth

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work