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The Water Use in the UK and Globally

Free essay example:

The Water Use in the UK and Globally

By Becky Wareham

Introduction

I will be discussing:

* The trends in the demand for water both in the UK and globally,

* Comparing the demands for water in more developed and less developed countries,

* The supply of water in developed and less developed countries and see how this affects the amount of water used/ demand,

* How the shortage of water can be addressed.

The demand of Water in the UK and Globally

The demand for water is increasing globally, particularly in Southern countries as they are generally MEDC. The UK is an MEDC and this causes the demand of water to be high due to technology etc. Also there is agriculture, though industry remains the major user of water in Europe.

Over the past decade global water use has been climbing steadily because of increased population growth. While the global population increased by about four times between 1900 and 2000, the global water usage saw a sixfold increase.

There are many ways around the globe were water is used but the three main water usages are of those uses that fall into the sectors are, Agriculture, Industrial and Domestic.

This shows different countries and the percentage of water used in industry, domestic and agriculture. The three countries which use the most water for industry is Germany, Belgium and Finland and the least is Malta. Malta however uses the most in households and the Netherlands uses the least in households. Albania uses the most in agriculture were as the UK uses the least.

Overall in the UK and globally the water demand has risen dramatically due to many factors but the main factor is the rise in population.

The demand for water is rising rapidly, assess to water is on a steady increase, the consumption is on a rapid increase and the population growth is booming. There is links between each factor, for instance the consumption is rising as access is easier and the population is rising causing the demand to rise.

MEDC and LEDC demand for water & supply

In an MEDC country like the UK, the demand for water is very compared to LEDC's. The supply in MEDC's is very good as most of the population have easy access to water, through taps etc. However LEDC's have difficult access to running water which is potable and so there water is in limited supply. The demand in rising in LEDC's due to the rise in population and the less developed countries developing further, so more technology is being used etc. The access in LEDC's affects the amount of water used and the easy access to potable water in MEDC's affects the amount of water used also as many take the advantage of running water in there house for granted so for instance they will leave the tap running etc while doing something like brush there teeth were as some parts of the world which is LEDC, the people may feel the water is precious and controls the amount they use on domestic, industrial and agricultural use.

Management on the shortage of water

There are many factors which can help with the shortage of water, firstly I feel we should make people aware of the situation the world is in with the shortage of water as not every knows the full extent of the problem that has arisen and how it will affect everyone's day to day life style.

Leakage control is also a major factor as in England in 1995; the ten main water companies estimated that 25% of all water in the distribution system is lost through leakage.

Demand management, many people pay for 'unmeasured' water bills, this is based on the old rateable property values. Therefore there is know incentive to save water. Some people have water meters which measures the amount of water that household uses and so they pay for the amount they use which gives that household the incentive to save water which means save money on there water bill.

Conclusion

Overall I have found that the main water usage is used for industry, domestic and agriculture.

The main factor of the demand of water is due to a rising population as this is causing the demand and the consumption to rise so there needs to be a better access for water for the rising population.

The main factors to help manage the shortage of water is to reduce leakage and demand management put into action and make sure everyone knows the effects of what they are currently doing on the future supply of water.

So I feel that action should be taken immediately to stop the waste of water and control the demand or there will be a large cost the world will have to pay if they carry on with how they are using there water.

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