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There are now well over 100 different funds available to regenerate the inner city and to tackle urban deprivation. Discuss the nature and degree of success of a range of these measures.

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Introduction

There are now well over 100 different funds available to regenerate the inner city and to tackle urban deprivation. Discuss the nature and degree of success of a range of these measures. What is an inner city? What were they originally like? An inner city is found near the centre of the city, it consists of many new factories, surrounded by numerous terraced housing, to sustain the working population of the factories. This living environment gave the population a friendly atmosphere. What are they like now? In the last few decades many schemes and polices have been brought in to change the inner city for the better, but most have failed. The terraced housing was demolished and high rise flats were built in their place to sustain the growing population. Many of the factories have shut down and become derelict, this is because the company's can find cheaper more suitable land else where for there factories. Why do the inner cites need regenerating? As the terraced housing was demolished, the friendly atmosphere went with it. The high rise flats were used to house so many people that the local population became more isolated from each other and kept to themselves. ...read more.

Middle

The scheme was aimed at the economic regeneration of the inner city. It was very successful and led to thousands of educational and training opportunities and over 48,000 new jobs. Areas of land were set up as Enterprise zones; these areas were intended to attract new industry to the area. The companies were offered a wide range of incentives to take up business on the land, such as; Reduced rent, grants for specialised machinery and purpose built buildings. This scheme was engaged to create more high skilled jobs in the area for the population. The city challenge was set up in 1991 by secretary of state for the environment, it was a challenge funded by local authorities, to invent new ways of redeveloping old parts of the inner city and only the winners would get there project carried out. Varies inner cities may benefit from grants from the national lottery fund but these funds aren't permanent and don't provide on the going funding that the inner cities need. The most serious failure of these policies is lack of funding; in recent years the government have reduced or even cut funding for some inner cities. ...read more.

Conclusion

The very large Enterprise zone that was set up in the isle of dogs was a huge success; it offered business a 10-year rate free period. Miles-Platting is an area in Manchester. It has a very high deprivation level and is one of the worst inner cities in Britain. The main problems with the area is the overpopulation, vandalism, poor living conditions, high unemployment (60%) and the overall lack of care for the community by the people that live there. The conditions here have created a 'Poverty trap'. After a large explosion in the centre of Manchester on the 15th June 1996, 670 business lost there property's, an emergency appeal fund was set up and within a few months had received �2.5 million for the redevelopment of the inner city. Marks and Spencer announced the reconstruction of there biggest store ever in the world, I think that this had a great effect on the redevelopment of the city centre, as other stores and business were attracted by the announcement of the large 'pioneering' store. Hulme in the 1960's was undergoing a very large scheme to redevelop the housing in the inner city. The houses were replaced with tower blocks that could house a greater number of people. Unfortunately this was a project that failed completely. Conditions were made much worse. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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