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'There is nothing in the Montessori prepared environment that is there by chance.' Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Montessori St. Nicholas Foundation Course (Birth - 6) Unit No. 12 Assignment 12a: 'There is nothing in the Montessori prepared environment that is there by chance.' Discuss. Assignment 12b: What are the most important elements of the Montessori prepared environment and why? Name: Lim C. Chong MSN Student Reference: 14789 Address: 43 Alexander Street Cockle Bay Howick AUCKLAND New Zealand Contents of Assignment 12 Introduction 3 Assignment No: 12a 4 Introduction 4 What is a prepared environment? 5 Purpose of a prepared environment 6 Conclusion and summary 10 Assignment No: 12b 12 Summary of the important elements 13 The physical environment 14 The facilities 16 The materials 17 The teacher 19 Conclusion 20 Bibliography 21 Introduction Objective of this document Objective of this document The objective of this paper is to provide the answers for Unit 12, Assignment 12a & b of the MSN foundation course. This paper is separated into two sections. Each section title contains the Assignment number and the associated question. Document structure and conventions Presentation approach This essay is presented using the Information Mapping presentation style, which is a structured approach to documentation. The information Mapping presentation style is described in detail in the report for Assignment 1. The following conventions are applied to the text formats in this assignment: > Normal essay content in normal Arial 12 font size > " Quotes taken from text and references in italics, Arial 11 font" > Titles and headings in Arial 12 bold and underlined, > Source of quotes and references in bold italics Arial 8 Information source Information source The contents or source of information for this assignment is derived from unit 12 of the course material and the reference list found in the Bibliography section of this document on page 21 Assignment No: 12a Question: 'There is nothing in the Montessori prepared environment that is there by chance.' Discuss. ...read more.

Middle

In other words, every element and component that comprises the Montessori environment (in this case, the school environment,) has a purpose and meaning for its existence. The important points to reinforce are as follows: Freedom to develop without obstacles > The primary aim of a prepared environment is provide an environment for the children to develop without any obstacles, to achieve complete independence of the adult. "The children must be free to express themselves and thus reveal those needs and attitudes which would otherwise remain hidden or repressed in an environment that did not permit them to act spontaneously". - Discovery of the child, chap 3, Teaching methods, page 48. The adult is responsible for enabling the environment > The environment does not exist on its own. It must be deliberately prepared by the adult for the child, based on observing the child's needs based on the stages of his development. "Plainly, the environment must be a living one, directed by a higher intelligence, arranged by an adult who is prepared for his mission. It is in this that our conception differs both from that of the world in which the adult does everything for the child and from that of a passive environment in which the adult abandons the child to himself..." - A Modern approach, page 51. Continued on next page Conclusion and summary, Continued Environment alone is not enough > The environment alone does not cause a child to develop. He must immerse himself into the environment and work on his own development. "The child posses within himself the pattern for his own development, this inner guide must be allowed to direct the child's growth." - Lillard, A modern approach, Chap 3, Montessori Approach, page 52. The materials are his tools. > The physical conditions and design of the environment and the materials provide the child with the atmosphere and the tools for him to perform the work to achieve independence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Qualities of a Montessori teacher The qualities of a Montessori teacher will be discussed in greater detail in Unit 13 of this course. Conclusion A summary Finally, in conclusion, the discussion on each main element in the Montessori prepared environment can be summarised with extracts and quotes taken from Dr. Montessori's writings as follows: A physical environment free of obstacles On the physical environment "...we must therefore create a favourable environment that will encourage the flowering of a child's natural gifts. All that is needed is to remove the obstacles. This should be the basis of, and point of departure for, all future education." - Secret, Chap 20, The method, page 136. Activity with materials help to develop concentration On the Montessori materials "Another important circumstance was the fact that the children were given special material with which to work. They were attracted by these objects which perfected their sense perceptions, enabling them to analyse and facilitate their movements. These materials also taught them how to concentrate in a way that no vocal instruction ever could have done." - Secret, Chap 20, The Method, page 137. Concentration is the key to satisfaction in a child "When a normal child is attracted by an object he fixes his whole attention intently upon it and continues to work without a break in a remarkable state of concentration. After the child has finished his work, he appears satisfied, rested and happy." - Secret, Chap 18, Educating he child, page 114. The Montessori teacher is the link between environment and the child On the Montessori teacher "The environment must be carefully prepared for the child by a knowledgeable and sensitive adult...The adult must be a participant in the child's living and growing within it." - Lillard, A modern approach, page 50. The environment is all about freedom, order and sharing. And finally, "There are six components to the Montessori classroom environment. They deal with the concepts of freedom, structure and order, reality and nature, beauty and atmosphere, the Montessori materials, and the development of community life." - Lillard, A modern approach, page 51. ...read more.

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