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There were many reasons why the old industries declined in the twentieth century

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There were many reasons why the old industries declined in the twentieth century. The disruption of trade by two world wars, competition from foreign businesses and the slowness to introduce new technology were the reasons why it declined. Farming, dock working, textiles and the manufacturing of coal, iron and steel were the ones that were affected the most. Through this essay, we will decide which one was the main cause of the decline of the old industry. At the beginning of the twentieth century, work was slow and the conditions were poor. There were hardly any machines and diseases were rife. ...read more.


At the beginning of the century, animals were used to plough the fields but soon sophisticated machines, like tractors, replaced them. The old ways couldn't compete with the machines so the old farming industries declined. Dock working also changed because of the machines. Some would say that it changed for the better because it was quicker to use the machines and the docking company would pay fewer workers. The changed also affected the dockworkers, leaving older docks to close down and Dockers to lose their jobs. ...read more.


Britain's usual customers bought their product to Japan so Britain's textiles industry declined. In farming, Britain was in competition with America and Australia. This was because there products were cheaper. Fewer customers were buying from Britain. Without the machines, work was slow and many workers were needed to be employed. If Britain introduced the machines earlier on, things would have been different. Its economy would have increased after the war. It could be argued that the reason so many old industries died by the end of the twentieth century was because they failed to introduce new technology quickly enough, this meant that industries such as coal, iron and steel could not compete with the new industries. ...read more.

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