• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14

This piece of coursework is based on the tourism industry in less economically developed countries (L.E.D.C), using Kenya as an example.

Extracts from this document...


HOLIDAYS TO FAR OFF PLACES OR EXOTIC LOCATIONS ARE BECOMING MORE POPULAR. DESCRIBE THE REASONS FOR GROWTH OF SUCH HOLIDAYS AND USING THE EXAMPLE OF A LESS ECONOMICAL DEVELOPED COUNTRY, OUTLINE THE PHYSICAL, CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE GROWTH OF TOURISM AND SUGGEST WHAT COULD BE DONE TO LIMIT THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF INCREASING TOURISM AND ENSURE THAT SUCH GROWTH IS SUSTAINABLE IN SUCH PLACES. BY SNITA LAL Introduction This piece of coursework is based on the tourism industry in less economically developed countries (L.E.D.C). I am going to explain why many exotic holiday destinations are becoming more and more popular with tourists and what effects are occurring to the culture of that land. I will use Kenya as my case study to demonstrate these effects. People in general are going on more holidays because overall people are wealthier and can afford to go. Tourism has increased because the average monthly manual wage in 2002 is 50 times more of that in 1950. In 1950 it was �23.28 and now it is �1,203.40 the reason for such a big increase is because of inflation. YEAR AVERAGE WEEKLY WAGE 1973 �32 2001 �380 There is much more leisure time available this is because of the shorter working hours. People have longer holidays which can be booked at any time during the year. Most employers give their employees 4 weeks paid holidays, which gives them an opportunity to go further for their holidays. Improved transport is available and airfare has decreased to a now affordable payment. A ticket to New York from London is a fifth of the monthly wage now in 2002. This is because aeroplanes can now carry more people and use less fuel, which brings down the cost of airfare. Planes can travel further and faster than any other mode of transport. Better holiday resorts have been opened to attract more people. ...read more.


These hotels have been built for tourists so they contain swimming pools, bars etc...The land that has been cleared for hotels destroys many species and habitats. Maasai people have been forced to move out of their natural habitat so that parks can be set up for tourists to go around and look at the wildlife. They have been forced to move out of their traditional areas to outer regions and have received no compensation for this. They have also begun to sell and make jewellery to tourists. Local towns in Kenya are generally Muslims and tourists don't respect their customs so and they wear fewer clothes. This is seen to be disgraceful and disrespectful to the Islamic town. Also they have brought lack of moral value, alcohol, drugs and prostitution. The transport in the country has changed vastly to satisfy the tourists. Airports have been built; there are a total o seven airports in Kenya today. More roads have been built and the road networks have grown because tourists want to travel to different areas for sight seeing during their stay. The employment has increased because of the amount of jobs that have been created due to the increase in tourism. Many new jobs are created in hotels, safari divers, tour guides, cleaners, managers etc... The national income of the country has increased so more improvements can be made the country. Increase in trade also brings in more money. This allows more money to be spent on facilities such as education and training for more doctors and nursing. Kenya is still a L.E.D.C because its GNP (Gross National Product) is still only $270 per person per year. The trade per person is �110 and the life expectancy is quite low at 54 years. The country is still categorized as an L.E.D.C but it has improved over the last couple years because of the money made from tourism. ...read more.


YEARS Over the next 10 years I think that the level of tourists traveling to Kenya will start to decrease rapidly. I think this because the country isn't doing anything to prevent the damages occurring and tourists will not be attracted to the country as much and will begin to travel elsewhere other than Kenya. The problems that might arise during this time are things like the country will not be able to support the people. National parks that rely solely depend on the money from the tourist industry will not be able to cope and will have to shut down and people will go out of business. The workers will not be able to have a dependable source of income and will go broke and will not be able to support their families. The country depends on this money a lot and they desperately need it. If tourism deceased many people will be out of jobs and hotels and bas will become bankrupt. But on the other hand if tourism did decrease it will allow the country to repair all the damages and let the ground become rich again and let the animals mate so numbers will begin to increase. Then the country might experience an increase in tourist but more gradually and then they could keep these restriction to help the environment to stay as it is. If these new ways of helping the country are introduced it could have an opposite effect on the tourists. They may not like the things that are restricted and might not go to Kenya this could then cause a decrease in the tourism level. The tourists may be put off by all the restrictions and see that they are not getting what they wanted. For example they go out on safaris to see the animals up close but this will not be possible if the 25-meter rule was being followed. Overall Kenya needs to protect the most valuable assets in the country from dying out or getting ruined if they want to keep the essential money coming in from the tourist industry. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    tour operators and so on The internet has had a huge impact on the travel and tourism industry. Back in the 20th century people would go down to the travel agents and book their holidays through this all together with flights, accommodation and so on.

  2. Assess the extent to which Trans National Corporations (TNCs) have a positive impact ...

    The Gross National Product (GNP) of the host country will improve, resulting in an improvement to many things in the country. TNC's use of work forces in developing countries also help the economy by leading to an increasing demand for goods, this means that there will b a growth in

  1. The Impact of Transnational Corporations on Less Economically Developed Countries

    The government will probably supply money for the transport links as well, due to the increasing amount of money coming into the country. The increased amount of money made by the country can also be used for many other things.

  2. The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry.

    This will mean people will have more money to spend on domestic and outbound tourism. Conclusion The link with the increased levels of pay and tourism is very clear. The more money people earn the more disposable income people have to spend on leisure, going on visits, and things which aren't essential to life.

  1. Can developing countries ever catch up with developed countries

    The so-called 'four tigers', the newly-industrialised economies of Asia (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), are particularly often invoked. The rapid economic growth and increasing (relative) welfare of these societies since the 1960s, ostensibly on the basis of export-led growth, is sometimes used to attack the idea that the north/south boundary is fixed and unchanging.

  2. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry and the Factors Affecting it Today

    Technological factors: travel and tourism has always been an industry that has made extensive use of new technology equipment. Central reservation system (CRS), the use of computers in travel agencies and sophisticated databases for marketing purposes are now ordinary.

  1. Travel And Tourism Case Studies

    In the four months of the so-called high summer - from December to March - the very hot days are followed by luminous evenings when heavy and rapid rains usually fall bringing relief and starlit nights. CARNIVAL 2010 - February 14 The festivities begin on the Friday before carnival when

  2. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    Group and Aboriginal Tourism Australia to ensure expectations and use of Aboriginal tourism products are sustainable and do not negatively impact on the Aboriginal society. Tourism Australia developed a brochure on Aboriginal tourism in Australia in conjunction with the STOs and the Commonwealth department of Industry, Tourism and Resources.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work