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This piece of coursework is based on the tourism industry in less economically developed countries (L.E.D.C), using Kenya as an example.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HOLIDAYS TO FAR OFF PLACES OR EXOTIC LOCATIONS ARE BECOMING MORE POPULAR. DESCRIBE THE REASONS FOR GROWTH OF SUCH HOLIDAYS AND USING THE EXAMPLE OF A LESS ECONOMICAL DEVELOPED COUNTRY, OUTLINE THE PHYSICAL, CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE GROWTH OF TOURISM AND SUGGEST WHAT COULD BE DONE TO LIMIT THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF INCREASING TOURISM AND ENSURE THAT SUCH GROWTH IS SUSTAINABLE IN SUCH PLACES. BY SNITA LAL Introduction This piece of coursework is based on the tourism industry in less economically developed countries (L.E.D.C). I am going to explain why many exotic holiday destinations are becoming more and more popular with tourists and what effects are occurring to the culture of that land. I will use Kenya as my case study to demonstrate these effects. People in general are going on more holidays because overall people are wealthier and can afford to go. Tourism has increased because the average monthly manual wage in 2002 is 50 times more of that in 1950. In 1950 it was �23.28 and now it is �1,203.40 the reason for such a big increase is because of inflation. YEAR AVERAGE WEEKLY WAGE 1973 �32 2001 �380 There is much more leisure time available this is because of the shorter working hours. People have longer holidays which can be booked at any time during the year. Most employers give their employees 4 weeks paid holidays, which gives them an opportunity to go further for their holidays. Improved transport is available and airfare has decreased to a now affordable payment. A ticket to New York from London is a fifth of the monthly wage now in 2002. This is because aeroplanes can now carry more people and use less fuel, which brings down the cost of airfare. Planes can travel further and faster than any other mode of transport. Better holiday resorts have been opened to attract more people. ...read more.

Middle

These hotels have been built for tourists so they contain swimming pools, bars etc...The land that has been cleared for hotels destroys many species and habitats. Maasai people have been forced to move out of their natural habitat so that parks can be set up for tourists to go around and look at the wildlife. They have been forced to move out of their traditional areas to outer regions and have received no compensation for this. They have also begun to sell and make jewellery to tourists. Local towns in Kenya are generally Muslims and tourists don't respect their customs so and they wear fewer clothes. This is seen to be disgraceful and disrespectful to the Islamic town. Also they have brought lack of moral value, alcohol, drugs and prostitution. The transport in the country has changed vastly to satisfy the tourists. Airports have been built; there are a total o seven airports in Kenya today. More roads have been built and the road networks have grown because tourists want to travel to different areas for sight seeing during their stay. The employment has increased because of the amount of jobs that have been created due to the increase in tourism. Many new jobs are created in hotels, safari divers, tour guides, cleaners, managers etc... The national income of the country has increased so more improvements can be made the country. Increase in trade also brings in more money. This allows more money to be spent on facilities such as education and training for more doctors and nursing. Kenya is still a L.E.D.C because its GNP (Gross National Product) is still only $270 per person per year. The trade per person is �110 and the life expectancy is quite low at 54 years. The country is still categorized as an L.E.D.C but it has improved over the last couple years because of the money made from tourism. ...read more.

Conclusion

YEARS Over the next 10 years I think that the level of tourists traveling to Kenya will start to decrease rapidly. I think this because the country isn't doing anything to prevent the damages occurring and tourists will not be attracted to the country as much and will begin to travel elsewhere other than Kenya. The problems that might arise during this time are things like the country will not be able to support the people. National parks that rely solely depend on the money from the tourist industry will not be able to cope and will have to shut down and people will go out of business. The workers will not be able to have a dependable source of income and will go broke and will not be able to support their families. The country depends on this money a lot and they desperately need it. If tourism deceased many people will be out of jobs and hotels and bas will become bankrupt. But on the other hand if tourism did decrease it will allow the country to repair all the damages and let the ground become rich again and let the animals mate so numbers will begin to increase. Then the country might experience an increase in tourist but more gradually and then they could keep these restriction to help the environment to stay as it is. If these new ways of helping the country are introduced it could have an opposite effect on the tourists. They may not like the things that are restricted and might not go to Kenya this could then cause a decrease in the tourism level. The tourists may be put off by all the restrictions and see that they are not getting what they wanted. For example they go out on safaris to see the animals up close but this will not be possible if the 25-meter rule was being followed. Overall Kenya needs to protect the most valuable assets in the country from dying out or getting ruined if they want to keep the essential money coming in from the tourist industry. ...read more.

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