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To what extent do Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) meet the development needs of African countries ?

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Introduction

´╗┐Mohammed Naumann To what extent do Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) meet the development needs of African countries ? This essay will discuss to what extent Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) meet the development needs of African countries. To address the many problems African countries face, NGOs, individual countries and international organisations such as the UN. Non governmental aid is provided by voluntary groups such as Oxfam, Action Aid, Save the Children. Most NGOs are known to tackle a specific group, children for example, and the NGO will provide specific aid towards this group. NGOs give aid with the hepl of UN specialist agencies such as UNICEF,WFP and the FAO. Aid is normally short-term aid such as a disaster strike e.g. Oxfam gave fresh water to thousands of men, women and children during the recent East African Famine. ...read more.

Middle

NGOs work in conjunction with international bodies to provide short-term and long-term aid. The international organisation such as the EU and UN to help develop the situations in the country and work with their own agencies such as the WFP to promote development. In Nigeria, Oxfam worked with the specialist agencies to build 15 new schools and provided education for over 600 people. However, with the thousand of NGOs all competing for donations the large NGOs such as Action Aid and Christian aid rely on the 190 who pledged to give 0.7% of their GNI but because only 5 countries meet this promise this means that NGOs have to be more like businesses themselves. NGOs now have to promote and market their activities meaning that they have less backing from other agencies. ...read more.

Conclusion

Despite the intention of the NGOs being good in helping people however their efforts in promoting development is stunted due to outside influences such as war and armed conflict. The experience and expertise which NGOs have in giving aid has led to having a positive contribution towards development in Africa. Due to the specialised skills NGOs possess this means that NGOs can act more independently than governments. An example of this is Oxfam who is know by the public and government as a credible organisation which makes contributions towards eradicating hunger and providing education. However NGOs might unintentionally be giving aid to weakening armies thus making wars longer and thus complicating foreign policies. So even though NGOs are experienced in giving aid sometimes they are actually doing more harm than good e.g. feeding armies. In conclusion, despite giving their best efforts in promoting development in Africa, the NGOs work is stunted due to aid dependency, lacking of resources and armed conflict. ...read more.

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