• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tourism in LEDC's creates environmental and social problems whilst bringing limited economic benefits. How far do you consider this statement to be true

Extracts from this document...


Tourism in LEDC's creates environmental and social problems whilst bringing limited economic benefits. How far do you consider this statement to be true? Tourism is now the world's biggest industry. It may be defined as the temporary visit of people to a region in which they do not live, for a period of more than 24 hours. Tourism has been promoted by the wealth of the developed countries, aided by the cheap flights offered by low cost airlines, and peoples increased leisure time and their desire to visit more exotic locations. The very nature of tourism brings large numbers of people to an area about which they may know very little. Many regions suffer environmental and social problems and this can be exacerbated by tourism. Tourism to Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDC's) is generally by wealthier people from More Economically Developed Countries (MEDC's). There is often a vast disparity between the relative poverty of local people in LEDC's and the wealth of visitors from MEDC's. The vast gap in wealth and a lack of respect for the natives by the tourists can cause resentment, but the LEDC's depend upon the income, which the foreigners bring to the areas they visit. LEDC's as the term implies, suffer from weak economies. Tourism is therefore particularly valuable since it is an export earner, bringing new money from foreign countries. ...read more.


In Egypt and Jamaica over 60% of export income is derived from tourism. When a new demand is realised, goods and services are promoted in the area, resulting in a growth pole effect and the rapid expansion of tourism. It is beneficial because it provides income and employment for the residents. The demand for accommodation generates employment in construction and service industries. Once money is being spent in LEDC's the amount of money in the economic cycle has increased. The locals can then spend this money improving their businesses and homes. As the money continues to be spent, it will generate more demand for goods and services and thereby promoting economic growth. This multiplier effect will eventually have an effect on the overall development of the country, enabling the government to increase its tax revenue, improve the balance of payments and aid the overall development of the country. The improvements to services and living conditions, brought about by tourism may be shared by the local population. The transport and communications infrastructure is often the first improvement to be made followed by an increase in the range and quality of facilities offered. Better food is available, water supplies are installed and basic services such as waste disposal are introduced. All these can be enjoyed by the locals, and will increase their quality of life. ...read more.


Contrary to the fears that indigenous cultures are eroded by tourism, it can actually sustain traditions. Tourism promotes the development of art and craft industries to reinforce local cultural identity. Tourists are often interested in the native dances and will pay to view traditional dances and customs. This also ensures that the dances are passed down the generations and are not lost. The jewellery produced and worn by locals can be sold and therefore there is an incentive to retain the traditions. Tourism also increases the demand for guides and workers who are knowledgeable about the area in which they live. As a result there has been an increase in the training, skills and general education of the people living in popular tourist destinations. International tourism can bring great economic benefit but it is vital that stringent controls are introduced to direct and limit levels in areas of environmental and social sensitivity. Tourism can only generate economic benefits if the region and it inhabitants are the recipients of the revenue. It is therefore vital that leakages in the economic cycle are limited and that the money received by the region is used effectively to promote and monitor tourist levels. If the income derived from tourism is used productively many of the side effects can be limited. Ultimately the economic benefits must outweigh social and environmental problems; otherwise there would be no incentive to promote tourism. Page 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    Another popular holiday destination outside of Europe is the USA. This is all related to the growth of technology because it has allowed people to travel around more and get to places which were before impossible. - www.statistics.gov.uk Following the opening of the channel tunnel there has been more competition for the transport industry.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Natural disasters and a lack of resources are the main causes of global poverty. ...

    4 star(s)

    For example the EU subsidises local sugar beet farmers and as a result sugar cane farmers in LDCs lose out, and the USA subsidises its own cotton farmers so that cotton growers in Mali can't compete. Similarly, the EU heavily taxes importing finished products compared to the crops or raw

  1. Tourism can lead to a multiplier effect. What is meant by the term multiplier ...

    This will also increase pollution, population and pressure on the area. With the mass of people being attracted to an area, the more housing and other buildings are required to facilitate these employees, tourists and other groups. The environment is therefore detrimentally affected as the buildings destroy habitats, which along

  2. The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry.

    Technological features. * Many technological features common in the early 21st century airliners were first used in Concorde For speed optimization, Concorde featured: * Double-delta shaped wings * Thrust-by-wire engines, ancestor of today's FADEC controlled engines. * Droop nose section for good landing visibility For weight-saving and enhanced performance, Concorde featured: * Fully electrically controlled analogue fly-by-wire flight controls systems.

  1. Travel And Tourism Case Studies

    The coastline is elevated where ramifications of the Tijuca and Pedra Branca Massifs approach the shore; elsewhere it is low. It is straight in the plains, with lovely beaches and sandbanks, and indented near the mountains. From Leblon eastward the seaside strip is more densely populated; to the west it is a region mostly of tourism and leisure.

  2. Poverty in Africa, the widespread effects of poverty in Africa have had substantial effects ...

    Most African nations are now pushing for debt relief. Despite Africa being extremely wealthy with natural resources it still remains the poorest continent by far. There are many solutions to ending the poverty trap in Africa but they are not going to be easy. Africa is clearly suffering from a governance crisis.

  1. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    This Model so far has been very successful; it has helped with Australia's tourism by a great amount. The Model is so good targets which have been set for 2004-2005 which are: * To attend appropriate local government and tourism conferences to promote the Model * Provide new visitor data

  2. There are few problems associated With tourism in Dorset.

    Again the locals will not like this as these areas would not usually be congested. The large number of people visiting the area may result in local resentment. This is probably most likely to occur in the peak season between the months of June and August.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work