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Tourism: what can be done?

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Tourism: what can be done? Tourism is generally understood as a temporary, voluntary movement of people, travelling to a chosen destination outside of their normal places of work and residence for pleasure, business or education. Another more concise definition is "Leisure time activity generally defined as involving an overnight stay or more, away from home." According to the World Tourism Organization, in 1998 there were 635 million tourist arrivals around the world. Tourism while allowing some the opportunity to meet people, visit exotic environments and understand cultures, provides millions of pounds for the corporations that are raping, polluting and destroying the earth. In the same way, the vast majority of tourists make noise, disturb the environment and need services such as accommodation, food, transport, fuel and waste disposal. All this can result in the destruction of the qualities of an area that attracted tourists in the first place. ...read more.


If untreated water is thrown out into a river or sea then the effluent pollutes the water and even the ground water may be polluted. Some hotels have constructed their outfalls into the swimming areas by the beach, for example, at Pattaya Beach Resort in Thailand, where the water becomes harmful from the adjacent hotel. Health problems can occur from litter, as well as vermin, pollution and visual pollution, if disposal of litter is not managed appropriately. What is more, a major cause of air pollution is from the increased use of cars by tourists. This can be made worse by the fact that the cars are old and the owner cannot afford to keep them in good repair. Traffic congestion can also occur from mass tourism, along with overcrowding, which means resentment from the residents, who try to receive economic benefits, but find themselves annoyed by the inconvenience. ...read more.


Accordingly, eco-tourism aims to provide tourists with opportunities to experience the attractions of local resources and local people, which maintaining their social and economic stability, and conserving those resources. For example, in some national parks, you would see some signs like this, "Take nothing but photographs, and Leave nothing but footprints." It is clear that tourists are the greatest consumers of resources, so this can lead to conflicts with both the environment and with the local people, whose lives are being altered. Most of these problems occur in both the developing world and the developed world, so tourism can cause the whole world to suffer, but some areas suffer worse than others. Tourism can give economic benefits, and even environmental benefits when managed. This is an only way to try to achieve a balance and that is through sustainable tourism. This tries to maintain all the attractive qualities of a site, including its environment, character and economic qualities. If this can be achieved, then the future looks bright for tourism. ...read more.

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