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Turkey Earthquake, Izmit.

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Introduction

Turkey Earthquake, Izmit It is possible to suggest that a major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and certainly terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes evidently shatter our assumption that we live on 'solid ground', and are lethal because they happen without warning. When looking in particular at the Izmit Earthquake in Turkey in 1999 and observing the causes, the material damage, the effects and the human costs, one may suggest that it is little wonder that such disasters have been recorded for centuries. The Causes A major earthquake is one of the most sudden, unpredictable and terrifying events on earth. Earthquakes are lethal because they happen without warning and while long term forecasts can be made, accurate short terms' predictions are extremely difficult. ...read more.

Middle

(The Courier Mail, August 1999, Pg 4) The Effects People and man-made structures are the most vulnerable to earth-quakes whereas wide open spaces are much less vulnerable. The direct effects of an earthquake are also often far less devastating and life-threatening then the secondary effects such as fire, landslides, famines and epidemics. It is therefore much more dangerous to be in a city then in the surrounding countryside, both during and after an earthquake. Reports of the Izmit earthquake claimed that the ground had cracked open and swallowed up entire buildings or settlements. A more logical explanation is that landslides or rock falls were responsible. Even in open country, some places are clearly safer than others. When you stamp repeatedly on a patch of wet sand on a beach, it immediately becomes wet, loses its cohesion and the area of the point of impact becomes a miniature quick-sand. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was a place no one wanted to be! A Urologist 'Levent Ozdal,' arrived with a surgical team from Ankara and was told to report to the Adapazari hospital but unfortunately operating theatres were out of action in the hospital and Levent's surgical team was forced to attempt first aid work in the hospital car park. This was essential as many people were injured and needed treatment as soon as possible. When looking at Izmit earthquake in Turkey in 1999 it is clear to see that it was the most sudden, unpredictable and certainly terrifying event on earth! With the Izmit earthquake happening without any warning, one may suggest the damage was double. After observing the causes, the material damage, the effects and the human costs, it is clear to see that the Izmit earthquake will not be forgotten in Turkey for many years to come. ...read more.

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