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Unemployment In Pakistan.

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Introduction

Unemployment In Pakistan Unemployment is a major problem for any country. This is because unemployment can lead to a lot of social and economic problems that will be discussed later in the essay. During the course of this essay, the unemployment situation of Pakistan will be seen. We will also look at the urban and rural areas of Pakistan and look at the unemployment late there. The Table below shows the total population of Pakistan. It can be clearly seen the Pakistan is suffering from over population and the being an underdeveloped country it is very difficult to control this. This also affects the employment rate of Pakistan. The population is increasing as we can see in the table. Although the growth rate is decreasing by the actual figure of population has increased from 85.10 million in 1981 to 149.03 in 2003. This shows the rapid rate of increase in almost 20 years. 1 . If we compare the active labor force to the total population we will be able to see that there are very few people participating in the labor force. The chart below will show us the labor force in the urban and rural area of Pakistan. ...read more.

Middle

This cause is the negligence of the government and of the people as well. 6 The major problem can be seen in the table below. It is the unemployment rate in Pakistan. According to the government Unemployment is defined as all persons ten years of age and above who during the period under reference were (a) without work i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employed, (b) currently available for work i.e. were available for paid employment or self employment and (c) seeking work i.e. had taken specific steps in a specified period to seek paid employment or self employment7. The table reveals that unemployment has increased from 5.89 percent in 1998 to 7.82 percent in 2003. Similarly unemployment in rural areas, which was 4.98 percent in 1998, has risen to 6.94 percent in 2003 and urban unemployment has enhanced from 7.95 percent in 1999 to 9.92 percent in 2003.8 We should see that this is only the official record, in reality the unemployment is far higher than this. We can see that the unemployment rate in the rural areas is far greater than in the urban areas. This is because there are less job opportunities in the rural area as there are more industries in the urban area, which require labor. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is said that to every action there is an equal an opposite reaction. There are some effects of the unemployment. Unemployment in a country means that the resources are not being fully utilized. This means economy will not produce at a higher rate. Thus the economy will not grow as fast as it can. Not only this, the resources for other areas do don as well for example education and health. There are a lot of social problems as well because people are usually disliked if they have no job. The crime rate increases with high unemployment because people get frustrated and the poverty forces them to earn dirty money or steal it. The poverty level increases as well because there is no source of income and people get poorer. This leads to low self-esteem and people tend to commit suicide as well because they are unable to support their family. 1 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 3, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 2 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 8, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 3 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 20, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 4 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 9, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 5 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 10, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 6 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 10, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 7Pakistan Economic Survey Page 12, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 8 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 12, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf 9 Pakistan Economic Survey Page 12, http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters/13-population.pdf Ali Abdullah Unemployment In Pakistan 1 ...read more.

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