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Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands.

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Introduction

Urban Regeneration in the London Docklands The London Docklands Development Corporation is located along the River Thames Estuary 2.a) The London Docklands had to close for many reasons. The main reason was the Second World War. The area suffered substantial bomb damage in the Second World War, which lead to the need for a substantial rebuilding programme. In the first 20 years after the Second World War, many buildings came to the end of their usefulness. A number of factors contributed to the decline in the importance of the Docklands. London was no longer the centre of world trade and so much of the dock space and warehousing was no longer needed. Some manufacturing activities were attracted to the growing new towns and other out-of-town sites where costs were lower. As a result, much of the canal and railway land had fallen derelict. The economic viability of the docks was further reduced by changes in transport technology. ...read more.

Middle

They provided the gas, electric and roads. Transport was a main problem, so �600 million was spent on transport, and another �300 million on just the Docklands Railway. 3. a) Many office buildings were built, including Canary Wharf. Large newspaper companies were attracted to the Docklands, away from Fleet Street because of the new Canary Wharf building. This is one of the tallest buildings in England, at 800ft high and boasting 50 stories. Companies were attracted to Canary Wharf because of the quality of it with air conditioning, deep floors, and open office space. Building space in London was short and expensive. Canary Wharf was an excellent place to relocate for its cheep rent, and large offices. Employment is now three times higher than it was before the LDDC was created. b) The most expensive road in Europe was built at a cost of �220. It is only one mile long and stretches from The Isle of Dogs to the city of London. ...read more.

Conclusion

Large areas have become changed in their physical appearance for the better, like the Royal Docks. e) The Docklands had a feeling of racial tension and despair. The LDDC had to improve the public facilities and leisure facilities to ease these problems. Pubs, restaurants, a floating museum, a hotel with 826 rooms and a marina were all created in the St Katherine Docks. These were created for both people who live in the Docklands, and for the tourists visiting the area. A dry ski slope has been created out of an old slag-heap within the Royal Docks. These docks are the site for a number of large shopping centres. 4. I think that the redevelopment of the London Docklands has been successful, because the area was derelict, unattractive, and didn't have many job opportunities. The area is much better now, as lots of new housing has been built, there are recreational and leisure facilities, and there are many available jobs. I don't think I would have approached the problem in a very different way, as I feel these changes were very good and beneficial. Penny Hopper 10G ...read more.

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