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Urbanisation From 1801 to 1901

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Urbanisation From 1801 to 1901 Our population has risen greatly in towns over the last century. More people are moving to towns because they want more jobs because the countryside is becoming over-populated. But, because more people are moving into towns, the towns are too becoming over-crowded and the need for food, clothes and shelter are becoming a great demand. Factories have to advertise for more people to help the demand. This endless cycle has been given a name, the 'Multiplier Effect'. Why is the population growing? Well, young people are migrating to towns for money or jobs and over half the population at the current moment are under the age of 23. Most people migrate locally, usually between 10 and 20 miles. Migrants marry earlier and have larger families because due to our child labour system, children as young as five years old can earn a wage. This rapid rise in our population has led to a desperate housing shortage. ...read more.


With demand for housing so high, houses were built on any plot of land which a builder or landlord could buy. There are no gardens and each street has a privy at the end of it. This is causing great sanitation problems as the men whose job it was to clean out the privies very often never did and thus, this is causing our people to have terrible and fatal illnesses such as cholera and tuberculosis. Someone should at least be appointed to watch over the sanitation men and make sure they do their job because during the year, the privies flood and the poor people who live in the cellars of the back-to-back terrace cul-de-sacs have sewage and disgusting water flow into their houses. In some cities builders build tenements of six or seven stories. Bad housing poses many threats to the health of our people. The houses are very damp and infested with mould. Floors are boards over flagstones laid on bare earth. ...read more.


Disease spread quickly as families of more than four are crammed into one or two rooms. They share beds or have none at all and despite these conditions they take lodgers in to help pay their rent. And with water in short supply, washing (clothes or bodies) is rarely done and so diseases are carried by body lice or by bacteria's on bodies or in dirty clothing. As well as that, there is no proper system for collecting rubbish and refuse could also spread many infections. The air in towns and cities is becoming increasingly dense due to air pollution. They attract horse-drawn traffic and as a result the streets are filled with horse manure. Thousands of chimneys of forges, workshops, factories and domestic fires belch out smoke all day every day. When there is no breeze, the smog will settle and choke those with weak chests. These problems combined to produce a health disaster. Disease is now associated with living in towns although many diseases have been present since the Middle Ages. Overcrowding and poor sanitation made the disease even more of a problem. ...read more.

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