• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Urbanisation in the less economically developed world creates more problems than it solves discuss

Extracts from this document...


Urbanisation in the less economically developed world creates more problems than it solves discuss Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities. Urbanisation occurs because people move from rural areas (countryside) to urban areas (towns and cities). This usually occurs when a country is still developing. Prior to 1950 the majority of urbanisation occurred in MEDCs (more economically developed countries). Rapid urbanisation took place during the period of industrialisation that took place in Europe and North America in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Many people moved from rural to urban areas to get jobs in the rapidly expanding industries in many large towns and cities. Since 1950 urbanisation has slowed in most MEDCs, and now some of the biggest cities are losing population as people move away from the city to rural environments. This is known as counter-urbanisation. Since 1950 the most rapid growth in urbanisation has occurred in LEDCs (Less Economically Developed Countries) in South America, Africa and Asia. Between 1950 and 1990 the urban population living in LEDCs doubled. In developed countries the increase was less than half. There are three main causes of urbanisation in LEDCs since 1950: 1. Rural to urban migration is happening on a massive scale due to population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas. ...read more.


have the increased infrastructure or the money to provide it, this leads to over crowding, with many people living in tiny shelters often made out of left over materials. This overcrowding leads to an increase chance of disease often greater than if they were in a rural area. The perceived notion of jobs being easily available for the most part is not true and the situation is made worse with the continued migration of people into the urban areas. This often means people who move in are often left with no means of income and resort to rummaging through rubbish to find items which can be sold. This not only has health risks but also negates the point of migrating which is a better standard of living. The increase in the amount of people also puts a very large strain on existing resources and infrastructure causing congestion which causes pollution and making the place a much less desirable area to live in. The majority of the migration tends to go to the largest city at that time as it would have the largest perceived pull factors, this then leads to primeate cities which are disproportion ally larger than other cities within the country and this will make it harder to solve problems and leads to a concentrated area of decline and deprivation. ...read more.


However the underlying problem which needs to be solved first is not the urbansisation itself but the general economic situation which causes it as well as prevents governments having the resources to deal with it. While specific national policies on urban development are essential in order to deal with specific urban and settlements issues, it is critical that the issues of housing and human settlements be seen within the broad framework of the pattern and nature of economic development. Many developing countries are currently experiencing the transition from primary economies to economies based on industrial and tertiary activities. These processes are at the root of the large-scale movement of people from rural to urban areas where in most cases, the increase in population have outstripped the capacity of the urban economy to create jobs and the municipal authorities to provide adequate social infrastructure. The critical issues therefore go beyond housing, health and education to the nature of growth and development, where macro - policies are important in determining the flow of resources that are needed to effectively address the issue of housing and urban development. These policies must first be sorted out and then this will lay to the foundations which will eventually allow the LEDC to solve their problems and also lead to a more stable economy. ?Adam Mowafi Geography Essay 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Counter Urbanisation

    How might the following groups of people be affected by the changes in the village: Local landowners Their land might be needed to be cleared to make way for new housing or new roads. They would obviously receive compensation but that might still not be able to please the land owners.

  2. India has many economic and natural advantages that should make it powerful in todays ...

    This is because land around rivers is always fertile. Throughout history, civilizations have developed around rivers. Out of India's total population of just over 1 billion, most of it is concentrated more heavily around the major cities, such as Mumbai (18 million), Calcutta (11 million), Chennai/Madras (4 million)

  1. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    * There are fewer farmers, so the supply of food for both towns and countries may decreases. * Poverty increases and standards of living fall even further than before. * There are fewer customers for rural services and shops so that they decline or close, creating further joblessness and making life harder for those whom remain.

  2. What is meant by the term Urbanisation?

    Pull factors for people in LEDCs maybe the attraction of better education, better healthcare, entertainment and the possibility of affluence. However migrating to the city is sometimes not through choice and push factors such as civil war, drought, famine and poverty could be the cause of migration.

  1. Urban deprivation is one of the characteristics of large cities in all parts of ...

    This gave a housing shortage and vast spaces of derelict land. This policy that lasted till 1967 also failed to tackle the social and economic problems. 1968 saw another scheme come into action; the Urban Aid programme gave grants to local authorities to expand services in deprived areas and to establish community development projects using self help.

  2. Road Traffic Accidents

    of passengers for accidents caused by them * Liability arising from the use of a caravan or trailer, while attached to the car. * Third Party Fire and Theft Insurance which generally give the same cover as Third Party insurance but also gives the added protection to cover losses in

  1. Manchild - critical review

    However, his explanation for that decision is not entirely convincing: He says that one day he realized that he might have to murder an addict who had cheated him; that realization, he claims, frightened him into getting rid of his gun and moving to Greenwich Village.

  2. The process of urbanisation in Australian history.

    labor and the leading investors responsible for nearly one half of total investment during that time.19 This period in time is described as 'the decisive phase in Australian economic growth.'20 Australia is seen to cut free from 'British domination' and set their boundaries for independent economic and political development.21 Since,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work