• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using A Number Of Examples, Show What Problems Are Faced In ELDCs Due To Urbanization, What Solutions Were Attempted And How Successful Have They Been?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ESSAY: Using A Number Of Examples, Show What Problems Are Faced In ELDCs Due To Urbanization, What Solutions Were Attempted And How Successful Have They Been? Cities all around the world face some sort of dilemma. Whether those problems are major or minor, or whether the city belongs to an EMDC (Economically More Developed Country) or an ELDC (Economically Less Developed Country), all of those cities make attempts in order to solve their crisis. This essay will investigate problems and solutions that cities in ELDCs face. The successfulness of each solution will be briefly evaluated. Four actual examples of cities will be examined; Rio de Janeiro, Bangkok, Jakarta, and Calcutta... Rio de Janeiro is a city among the ELDCs. This city is located by a bay in South America and has a population of a little over 10 million people, which also makes it a megacity. Similar to the last two cities investigated, Rio also has experiences a problem with overcrowding and, consequently, shelter and housing. Around half a million people take the streets to be their home and another two million people live in favelas and poor quality housing. These less fortunate residents are not applicable to benefit from running water, sewage systems or electricity and have no legal right to be on the land. This means that if another family wanted to buy the land that specific family would have to move without any say. An attempted solution was when the government cleared all the favelas and built new homes. However this was not successful as the new homes were almost as bad as the favelas. ...read more.

Middle

As a result, much of the population pumps their water from the country, which may be harmful as the water may be polluted. Unfortunately this still means that many citizens of Jakarta yet do not have continuous running water. As the population is increasing rapidly, there are many consequences that Jakarta face. Some of these consequences include less employment opportunities for some people (as not all people are educated well, job posts provided are being occupied quickly, etc) and an increase in traffic, which also has an effect on the environment, and much more (including the safety of people, property, etc). The fact that jobs have become rare, especially for the more uneducated citizens has forced a part of the population to own small kiosks and to vend on the road-sides. This type of job is very hectic and yet can pay off half the fee of school and also pay for food. The market of items sold includes magazines, small toys and much more. However, as Indonesia has many factories and industries, the opportunity of obtaining a job for some people increases. Many factories also operate during the night; this enables people who are busy during the day to acquire a night shift job. One of the most popular factories in Indonesia is the shoe factories. Many famous shoe companies, such as Nike, Adidas and Reebok have their base in Indonesia. However this job too is very hectic and not very high paying but is "nevertheless, better than being a farmer." Indonesia is home for many kinds of traffic. From simple bikes to much more sophisticated vehicles such as cars. ...read more.

Conclusion

The development of the elevated train route took quite a while to construct, which is a disadvantage economical setbacks. However, as soon as it was built many residents of Bangkok used the elevated train as their principal means of transport. Jakarta's plan to control traffic was somewhat passive; toll-roads were allocated at many places in the city. However this just made it worse for the poorer citizens, but yet encouraged more people to car pool, which meant decreasing pollution from fumes emitted by motor vehicles. This shows that constructing a different mode of transport, if traffic is a problem in a city, would be a good idea. If the road is the primary source of travel, it would be a good initiative to build a new underground like the one portrayed in Calcutta. However, if a city is suffering from overcrowding, it would be a good idea to establish a new town close to the main city. This plan though is very risky as there is every possible chance it may not go as planned. Thus planning is necessary and quite vital when it comes to making all these decisions and choices. Therefore, as stated in the beginning of this paper, it can be said that cities all over the world experience some problems once in a while. In this study/analysis, four cities in particular were viewed and their problems were examined; Rio de Janeiro, Bangkok, Jakarta and Calcutta. All these four cities are part of economically less developed countries. They experience problems such as overcrowding, traffic, employment, health threats, housing and many others. These problems occur in many scales, from minor to major. However, all these cities attempt to solve whatever problems they face; some succeed, while others need to try harder. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    * The canyon structure that tall buildings create enhances the warming. During the day, solar energy is trapped by multiple reflections off the buildings while the infrared heat losses are reduced by absorption. * The urban heat island effects can also be reduced by weather phenomena.

  2. Seoul, the capital city of South Korea, is easily the most noticeable city of ...

    As the economy developed, you can see from figure 6 that the total fertility rate - the average number of children per woman in their childbearing years - of South Korea has been a continuous decline from 1959, reaching 1.17 children per woman last year.

  1. Assessing noise pollution mainly from public transport and other motorists.

    not have been enough also I wanted to get the recordings each time so I did not increase the time limit. 3. The measurements will be carried out at least twice a week so as to get an unbiased collection of data.

  2. New York -megacity

    Incineration causes high levels of pollution, and people living close to landfill sites are starting to object to the mounting tide of garbage. The giant landfill site at Fresh Kills on Staten Island, which close in 2001, brought some relief, but the problem refuses to go away.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    the Eurasion and Philippines plate, where the Philippines plate is sinking under the Eurasion plate. Short term Evacuation of 15,000. Clouds of ash turned day to night as 50cm fell on farmland. Eruptions for several days with earthquakes and torrential rain full of ash, led to 200,000 homes, hospitals, schools and factories to collapsing.

  2. Global Community and Immigration in the United States

    Foreign-Born Change: Top Twelve Countries 1980-1996* (Thousands) 1980 Census 1990 Census 1996 CPS* 1 Mexico 2,199 Mexico 4,298 Mexico 6,679 2 Germany 849 Philip. 913 Philip. 1,164 3 Canada 843 Canada 745 China 801 4 Italy 832 Cuba 737 Cuba 772 5 U.K.

  1. Counter Urbanization

    Increased public transport such as buses and trains, and the improvements of road networks all make it easier and less time consuming for commuters. All these factors highlight the reasons why people are moving and why the population of Powys is increasing.

  2. Helping the Street Children in Metropolitan Jakarta

    In other cases, obligatory school fees may prove prohibitive. Discrimination, attacks on secular schools, displacement as a result of war or persecution, and other conditions are often to blame. Poverty and prosperity are the two words that opposing each other.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work