• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using an example of an industry you have studied. Describe and explain its growth and decline. Evaluate the success of government policy in regenerating the area.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using an example of an industry you have studied. Describe and explain its growth and decline. Evaluate the success of government policy in regenerating the area. The growth of iron and steel industry in South Wales began since the 1800. There were about 35 irons works in the area. The population of towns such as Merthyr Tydif and Ebbw Vale grew because the valleys of South Wales were an idea location for iron making. Coal and iron were often found together on valley sides and limestone was available nearby. The raw materials were easily accessible for the industry. The decline of the industry begins in the 1970s was largely due to the collapse of the British Empire as coal, steel and iron were previously sold to ex colony like India and Australia. The collapse of the colonial system meant that the market for British's coal was minimized. ...read more.

Middle

The area was characterized by vandalism such as graffiti on the walls and alcoholism. The Welsh government polices of urban regeneration began with the WDA (Welsh Development Agency). Its mission was to promote economic development by attracting inward investment from multinationals. The policies include financial aids such as grants for machinery and offers subsidies to companies for warehousing. New towns such as New Port were created to stimulate growth of industry. Socially, the government introduced the youth training scheme and adult retraining scheme to make sure that the workforce in the area have the right skills for the hi-tech industries in the area. The government also improved communication lines and accessibility by building the M4 corridor to link London and South Wales. Moreover, the Welsh government also decentralized its government offices such as moving the DVLA to Swansea to improve employment rate. South Wales's transformation into one of Europe's leading development regions was very successful. ...read more.

Conclusion

This also led to growth of leisure and tourism industry and in 1998 Cardiff was receiving about 15 million visitors. At Swansea there is a clear indication of positive economic development with 82% of work force are employed in the service industry. Moreover, the success of the building of M4 corridor brought positive effects to Newport. Newport has benefited from high technology industrial development of large science and business park home to AB Electronics and Panasonic. Despite present successes of Welsh government, it is questionable whether history will repeat itself and cause deindustrialisation of the hi-tech industries in the area again. As newly developed countries such as Taiwan and Malaysia are now progressing rapidly towards the hi-tech industries which could cause large influx of cheap electronic goods into Wales and its present European market. With the advantage of cheap, docile labour and more flexible laws in Asia, perhaps multinationals will again change their production location away from South Wales. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 Arisara K. 13J ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region

    This continued decline in the manufacturing industry of the country meant that up until 1979 government money was still being poured into industry in an attempt to keep it alive. However, in 1979 the Margaret Thatcher government began to adopt a completely different approach towards British manufacturing industries.

  2. Describe what is meant by Industry

    Supermarkets and high-street shops are full of food products from across the globe. Retailers stock the latest designer labels, appealing to people of the same age and income groups all around the world. For families, one of the clearest expressions of globalization is the onward march of American films and television shows, satellite television, and multimedia software.

  1. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    The first fact is easily explained. The first half of the 20th century was a period of war for Europe. Especially Germany was affected by both World Wars as it emerged form both of them as the defeated one. Chandler demonstrates how the Germans were often able to regain their leading position in many industries after WWI.

  2. To what extent was the iron industry 'transformed' between 1750-1830?

    close to water and closer to coalfields, eliminating the geographical constraints related with the use of water power, and finally overcoming the "tyranny of wood and water" (T.S.

  1. What are the main characteristics of high-tech (high technology) industry? (b) Describe and explain ...

    of employment because undergraduates have been employed in a job that now demands 150,000 graduates but five years ago was a non-existent industry. The huge growth in India's call centre industry was highlighted as the British company Norwich Union announced they would be cutting 2,350 UK jobs relocating them, with the company receiving $20,000 for every job they move.

  2. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    Therefore steel works developed in towns such as Port Talbot and Llanwern. What Evidence could be used to show that Manufacturing Decline has Taken Place in the Area? Evidence for de-industrialisation of the steel industry in the South Wales region can be found by looking around the old industrial towns

  1. Industrial America: The American Steel Industry to the early 1970s

    Open-cast production kept costs low, as did the great and advances in ore-carriers which transported the ores east wards through the Great Lakes. Technological advance allowed lower grade taconite ores to be beneficiated and so enabled them to bear the transport costs to the steel mills further east.

  2. with reference to 2 contrasting countries describe and explain differences in the energy mix

    In 1970, fuel consumption was dominated by solid fuels use (47 per cent of all energy consumption in the UK) and petroleum (44 per cent), with gas contributing a further 5 per cent and electricity 4 per cent. By 1980 the fuel mix had evolved with natural gas making up

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work