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Using examples, illustrate the role of multinational companies (tnc), airline companies and globalisation on the tourism industry, globally.

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Introduction

Using examples, illustrate the role of multinational companies (tnc), airline companies and globalisation on the tourism industry, globally. There are many aspects of tourism and globalisation; some are good some aren't so good. Tourists to the developing world behave badly. They disrespect their hosts by failing to observe dress codes and other cultural norms. Moreover tourism spreads dominant Western values at the expense of proud and ancient cultures. The trade is fixed by multinational companies from the richest countries that cream off the lion's share of the profits, leaving little for local people, bar menial jobs. The plaintiffs include charities and human rights groups, communities affected by tourism and academics. Experts have pointed to the saturation of domestic markets and the opening up of markets like India and China as the two major causes of globalisation. Thanks to new communications technology, citizens of developing countries have seen and sought the industrialized world's standard of living. This creates a dream and an aim to work for. The global aviation industry, which was just coming out of recession, was hit hard last year on September 11th 2001 by the attack on the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon in the United States. This was an unexpected attack, however it still seriously affected major companies and even sent the world into a minor recession. This terrorist attack may not fit in with any expert's model of aviation or tourism but it still changed the face of businesses all over the world and was, in fact, very real. ...read more.

Middle

For example, St.Lucia in South Africa has two million tourists coming to visit it a year. The Greater St Lucia Wetlands Park is under the curatorship of the Natal Parks Board. The NPB runs several camps and activities in the area. The tourists come for St. Lucia's sun, fishing, surfing, scuba diving along its nine mile reef and of course the social barbecues (braai) on the beach. All Parks Board camps are placed in tranquil surroundings, with many outdoor activities on offer as listed above. Demand by tourism has also made the park create tourist safaris e.g. 'The Santa Lucia', which is a Mississippi style boat that provides a scenic boat tour on the lake for up to 80 people. It has a viewing deck and a bar. There are regular departure times, and each tour lasts for one and a half hours. Crocodiles, hippos and water birds are the main attractions as well as beautiful scenery. The area is considered critical to the survival of a large number of animal species, including South Africa's largest populations of hippopotamus, crocodile, white-backed pelican, and pink-backed pelican. More than 530 species of birds use wetland and other areas of the lake region. 20,000 greater flamingos, 40,000 lesser flamingos, as well as thousands of ducks also grace these waters. With 36 species, this area has the highest diversity of amphibians in South Africa. ...read more.

Conclusion

'Club Med' suspended travel to its Bali "village" for a week. The Coral Gables, based company is offering to send customers to a different resort through Oct. 20, or will allow them to rebook their trip for sometime in the future. On Sunday night it was a ghost town, the bars and karaoke venues for once empty, the garish lights dimmed. The only sound was the mechanical equipment sifting through the rubble. "Most Australians are trying to get out as soon as possible, through fear of there being another bomb, as well as trying to be reunited with their families. They were kids for god sake. The Balinese always smile, tonight they are no longer smiling" said Jason Gale, a salesman from Perth. That peaceful image has certainly been tarnished, although travel agents are hoping it won't ruin the island's all-important tourism industry. "It could be a couple of years before the island recovers'', said Magnus Ranstorp, a terrorism expert at St. Andrews University's Centre for Terrorism and Political Violence. This puts Bali's national parks e.g. Bali Barat, and coral reefs e.g. Badung strait reef, all out in the cold, even though they are natural and have nothing to do with the bombing. Tourism is a major industry but as well as affecting many different things, it can also be affected by many different aspects. Multinational companies, globalisation and airlines are all global companies but as the world modernises and adapts to its surroundings and the people that live in it, everything can change, for better or for worse. ...read more.

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