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Using Rostow's model as a basis what are the stages in development a country needs to become a self-sustaining economy?

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Introduction

Harpal Chima 13A Human Geography Using Rostow's model as a basis what are the stages in development a country needs to become a self-sustaining economy? The Rostow model is used to detect what stage of development a nation is in, within the course of the 5 stages the increase in development will show that a country will gradually gain a self-sustaining economy. Within the 5 stages of the Rostow model each stage differs and eventually leads to a nation having a self-supporting economy. Within the first couple of stages (Stage 1 & 2) the economy needs to have some foreign direct investment and also must develop some form of capital formation. ...read more.

Middle

The countries of Ethiopia and Somalia are clear examples of this, in order for development to occur the economy increase the amount of capital that it receives. In order for the economy to receive capital there is an increase in foreign investment within the country and thus leads the stage 2 of the Rostow model. In the second stage, preconditions for take off, there is an increase in foreign investment into the agricultural area. Development within the agricultural changes from subsistence to commercial and thus leads to some capital formation which introduces investment into infrastructure. If commercial development does occur it will mean that the government will be able to introduce tax and thus spend expenditure upon education, welfare, infrastructure and injections into the economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Vietnam and Thailand are good examples of nations currently within stage 3 of the Rostow model. The fourth stage of development within the Rostow model, the drive to maturity, is a clear motive for a nation to eventually have a self-supporting economy. In the fourth stage the economy becomes increasingly diversified and is less reliable upon foreign investment because there is enough capital formation within the country. The multiplier effect becomes active within the fourth stage and it means that there is an increase in government expenditure to spend more leading to larger industries and attraction of other like industries, industrial agglomeration. Rapid urbanisation occurs and there is a significant decrease in the rural population. Malaysia, China, Argentina and Chile are all countries within the 4th stage of the Rostow model. The 5th stage within the Rostow model is the final stage showing that a country has a self-sustaining economy. ...read more.

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